Blyth Genealogy Pages

The genealogy of the Blyth familys of Whanganui and Temuka

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== Biography ==
''This biography was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import.Williams-29893 was created by [[Willis-3076 | Valerie Willis]] through the import of Williams:Hawkes Bay etc.ged on Feb 15, 2015. ''This comment and citation can be deleted after the biography has been edited and primary sources are included.'' It's a rough draft and needs to be edited.''

=== User ID ===
: User ID: 760527F4FF69435C809B6B29186A9E91FD79

=== Data Changed ===
: Data Changed:
:: Date: 10 FEB 2015
Prior to import, this record was last changed 10 FEB 2015.

== Sources ==

 
WILLIAMS, Thomas Sydney (I35)
 
2
==Biography==
{{Migrating Ancestor
| origin = Great Britain
| destination = New Zealand
| origin-flag = Flags-3.jpg
| destination-flag = Flags-19.png
}}

'''DEATH OF ARCHDEACON WILLIAMS'''
The Venerable Archdeacon Samuel Williams died at his residence at Pukehou at 9 o'clock this evening, after an illness resulting from a chill caught a week or two ago.The deceased arrived at the Bay of Islands 85 years age and has been connected with the work of Te Aute College and of the Church of England in Hawkes Bay since 1853. The funeral takes place on Saturday at Te Aute.
The Right Venerable Archdeacon Samuel Williams was Archdeacon of Hawkes Bay and Commissary to the Bishop of Waiapu since 1888. He was born on January 17th 1822, and was the second son of the late Archdeacon Henry Williams of Waimate. Educated at Waimate and St. John's College (Auckland), Archdeacon S. Williams was ordained deacon in 1846 and priest in 1853. He married Mary, daughter of Archdeacon William Williams, afterwards first Bishop of Waiapu.
In 1847 the deceased was asked by the Bishop of New Zealand to go to Otaki on a mission in the first instance, to endeavor to unravel some of the disagreements amongst the Maoris, and the differences between them and the Government. This resulted in a petition being sent to the Bishop of New Zealand and the Church Missionary Society that the then Rev. S. Williams should be placed at Otaki permanently. Otaki was the headquarters. He succeeded in pacifying the Natives and made considerable progress in the way of education amongst them, having eight village schools and a central school at Otaki, with 120 to 130 scholars in the latter alone.
In 1852 Sir George Grey visited Otaki, and told the Rev. Mr. Williams that he was feeling very anxious about Hawkes Bay, stating that he saw a large English population would be flocking into the district before the Natives were prepared to come into contact with them, and he feared that unless there was somebody who could stand between the two races they would be certain to come in collision. "Now," he said, "if you go I will give you 4000 acres of land to assist you in your educational pursuits, and I will endeavor to induce the Maoris to give an equal amount." Sir George also promised to give money for the purchase of sheep and erection of buildings, and giving a definite promise that funds would be provided to carry on the school.
The Rev. Mr. Williams was very happy in his work at Otaki, but on being pressed by Sir George agreed to go to Hawkes Bay. Early in 1853 the Bishop and Sir George Grey made an appointment to meet the Rev. K. Williams at Waipukurau. The latter went through to Hawke's Bay along the Manawatu river. There were no roads in those days, only pig tracks. Sir George Grey said the Rev. Mr Williams could pick the 4000 acres wherever he liked, and he accordingly fixed on Te Aute. This was when the district was first thrown open for selection.
The Natives, on returning to their own country after the cessation of hostilities amongst themselves, had previously expressed a wish that he should come to Hawke's Bay and had also promised to give whatever land might be required. The Central Committee of the Church Missionary Society in New Zealand and the Bishop concurring in the appointment, the Rev. S. Williams took charge of Hawke's Bay district in 1853.
The first habitation he had at Te Aute was a pataka, or Maori store, which was 14 feet long by 8ft wide, and the walls were about 3ft 6in high. Neither the Governor, the Church Missionary Society Committee, nor the Bishop had taken into consideration that a missionary would require a house to live in. He took steps to erect a two roomed raupo house, and in the second year it was added to by another room, but the Rev. Mr Williams had to live in a raupo whare for six years.
The Te Aute block, when he occupied it first, was principally fern country and scrub, some parts being forest and swamp. After surmounting numerous difficulties in the very trying times of the early days of Hawkes Bay, the Ven. Archdeacon continued to be identified with Te Aute and its famous Native College up to the time of his death. The present College is the result of his untiring labors in advancing the cause of education amongst the Natives. He was also instrumental in starting the Hukarere school for Native girls at Napier.
A brother of the late Archdeacon, Judge Williams of the Native Land Court, is a resident at Te Aute. Other members of the family are Mr. C. P. Davies senior, Wellington; the Hon. H. Williams, Bay of Islands; Mr. T. C. Williams of Auckland and Mrs Ludbrook of Bay of Islands, brothers and sisters of deceased. Archdeacon Henry Williams their father, landed at the Bay ,pf Islands on August 3rd, 1823. deceased was a cousin of the present Bishop of Waiapu. He had many stirring expcriences in the early days, and at the time of the Hau hau troubles on the East Coast used active influence toward pacification of the turbulent natives. He had great influence with the Maoris, one secret of which was his intimate knowledge of the Maori mind and language and splendid oratorical powers. ''Poverty Bay Herald 15 March 1907''

== Sources ==
[https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1w25/williams-samuel Biography Samuel Williams] 
WILLIAMS, Ven. Archd Samuel (I30)
 
3 1623? Kingdon, John (2) (I1096)
 
4 Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. Source (S116)
 
5 == Biography ==

: Evening Post 4.4.1928 p:13: Mr. William Temple Williams, who died at Pukehou, Hawkes Bay on Sunday aged 72 years, was the eldest and only surviving son of the late Venerable Archdeacon Samuel Williams. He was born at Te Aute and educated at Wellington and also at the Church of England Grammar School, Auckland. He married Miss Puckey a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Puckey of Kaitaia and by his marriage had two sons, Messrs. Samuel and Athol Williams, and two daughters, Mrs. Avery and Mrs. Jackson, all residents of Hawkes Bay. For many years he carried on the famous herd of shorthorns established by his father, under the management of Mr. Allen Williams. It was found necessary to dispose of the herd during the war, and after that Mr. Williams turned his attention to the breeding of an equally famous herd of pedigree Jerseys. With the exception of several visits to the Old Country and a stay of some years in London during the war when he and his family did valuable work among the New Zealand soldiers, Mr. Williams spent all his life in Hawkes Bay and carried on the business of sheep and cattle farming, being chiefly interested in raising and maintaining stud stock. 
Williams, William Temple (I1196)
 
6 == Biography ==

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Mary (I1184)
 
7 == Biography ==

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Dorothy Frances (I1194)
 
8 == Biography ==

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Francis Henry (I1186)
 
9 == Biography ==

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Marianne Jane (I1189)
 
10 == Biography ==

Evening Post 10.5.1929 page 13
OBITUARY - MISS A. M. WILLIAMSAnother of the Dominion's pioneer settlers, Miss Anna Maria Williams aged 90 years, passed away at her residence, Napier, on Sunday states the "Hawkes Bay Herald." The late Miss Williams, sister of the late Bishop Leonard Williams was born at Waimate Mission Station, Bay of Islands. The late Miss Williams at an early age assisted in the work of the Maori girls' school attached to Bishop Williams' mission station at Wairenga-a-hika. Throughout her whole life she was deeply attached to the work of the Church of England, and devoted practically her whole labours to tho welfare of the Maoris. Miss Williams was specially attached to the Hukarere Girls' School which was opened in Napier in 1875. For many years she was lady superintendent of the institution, personally conducting the correspondence of the school and supervising the teachers until these duties were taken over by the officers of the Te Aute Trust Board after the building the present Hukarere School on Napier Terrace in1911. By her kindly disposition Miss Williams endeared herself to the many Maori girls who passed through the institution and to the others with whom she was previously associated. Her passing will be a loss keenly felt by her many Maori and European friends. 
WILLIAMS, Anna Maria (I38)
 
11 == Biography ==

Leonard suffered illness for most of his life.

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Thomas Leonard (I1187)
 
12 == Biography ==
''This biography was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import.Puckey-57 was created by [[Willis-3076 | Valerie Willis]] through the import of Puckey for wikitree.ged on Feb 2, 2015. ''This comment and citation can be deleted after the biography has been edited and primary sources are included.'' It's a rough draft and needs to be edited.''

== Sources ==



=== Notes ===
: Note N45
: New Zealand Herald 25.8.1838
: DEATHS: WILLIAMS - On August 22nd 1938 at Hastings, Annie wife of the late William Temple williams of Pukehou, Hawkes Bay aged 83 years. 
Puckey, Annie Matilda Sophia Marella (I1195)
 
13 == Biography ==
: Colonist 26.11.1900
: SUDDEN DEATH: The wife of the late Bishop Samuel Wiliams, sister of the present Bishop of Waiapu and daughter of the late Bishop, died suddenly this morning, it is supposed of rheumatism of the heart, aged 74.

== Sources ==
'Faith and Farming, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams' (a 720p family record), copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
WILLIAMS, Mary (I29)
 
14 == Biography ==
== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Lucy Frances (I1185)
 
15 == Biography ==
Both Jane and sister Mary married first cousins, the sons of Henry Williams and Marianne Coldham

== Sources ==
*'Faith and Farming, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams' (a 720p family record), copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
WILLIAMS, Jane Elizabeth (I31)
 
16 == Biography ==
Henry married his first cousin Jane.

== Sources ==

'FAITH AND FARMING, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams' - Page 159 of the 1992 edition. The later 1998 Edition seems to omit his biography. 
WILLIAMS, Henry (I34)
 
17 == Biography ==
Lydia began to lose her sight at the age of 18 and was fully blind by the time she was 22. She had a keen mind and retained a lively interest in local and world events, and in the progress of the Church's mission, throughout her life.

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Anna Lydia (I1188)
 
18 == Biography ==
OBITUARY

'''MISS MARIANNE WILLIAMS DAUGHTER OF NOTED BISHOP'''

'''EARLY LIFE AMONG MAORIS'''
The death has occurred of Miss Marianne Williams, aged 89. the last surviving child of the first Bishop of Waiapu. Miss Williams was born on August 22, 1843, at Kaupapa. near Manutuke, Poverty Bay, where her father had the first mission station in the district. At that time the population of the eastern part of the island was almost entirely Maori, and when the diocese of Waiapu was formed in 1858 it consisted of the portion of the Auckland province to the east of the 176th meridian, the synod of the diocese was a Maori one, the only Europeans sitting in it being Bishop Williams, his son, who subsequently became a bishop, and the Rev. E. B. Clarke. Miss Williams then was thoroughly familiar with the Maoris in their uncivilized state and witnessed stirring scenes of the Hauhau movement in 1865 which broke up the mission and compelled the bishop to leave Poverty Bay.
In 1868 the province of Hawke's Bay was added to the diocese of Waiapu, and Bishop Williams took up his residence in Napier, building his home, Hukarere, on the hill looking eastward over the sea. There Miss Williams had her home ever since. She saw Napier grow from infancy. Miss Williams was of a retiring disposition, but always with her sisters took a keen interest in the development of the Hukarere Maori Girls' School, founded by her father, and other Church activities. She served for many years on the committee of the Hawke's Bay Children's Home.

''Horowhenua Chronicle, 3 September 1932''

''New Zealand Herald, Volume LXIX, Issue 21278, 3 September 1932''
NOTE: In every newspaper except the Horowhenua Chronicle, Marianne's name is given as Maria Ruby Williams! The death Register online of Marianne, reference No. 1932/9829, gives her in error as being 19 and not 89 years old at death!
== Sources ==
* 'Faith and Farming, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams' (a 720p family record), copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
WILLIAMS, Marianne (I40)
 
19 == Biography ==
Thomas was an officer in the Merchant Marine then farmed at "Durslade", Hopelands, Woodville from 1925 until his death. He was cremated and buried on his farm.

== Sources ==
* Initial entry details from 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0
 
Jackson, Thomas Cecil Rhodes (I1193)
 
20 == Biography ==Esther and Norman owned and farmed "Pukekura" station, Havelock North, New Zealand.

'''MARRIAGE'''
'''The marriage''' of Miss Esther Margarite Williams, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Williams, of Te Aute, to Mr. Norman Alfred Avery, eldest son of the late Mr. Alfred Avery and Mrs. Avery of Havelock North took place at Te Aute last week. The bride was given away by her father, and wore a handsome gown of silver brocade and georgette with a train of silver tissue lined with pale blue. She wore a veil and orange blossoms, and carried a sheaf of arum lilies. The bride’s sister, Miss Dorothy Williams was the bridesmaid, and wore a frock of pale pink-taffeta, with touches of lavender and a black picture hat. The bridegroom was attended by his brother, Mr. Alan Avery, as best man. The church had been beautifully decorated by the bride's friends and was filled with a large number of friends and relatives. After the ceremony Mr. and Mrs. Williams received their guests at Awarua, where afternoon tea was provided. The bride's travelling costume was a navy coat and skirt and blue toque to match. ''Evening Post 27th June 1921''
== Sources ==* [https://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/search/ NZ BDM]
Birth Ref. No. 1895/6269
Marriage Ref. No. 1921/6592
Death Ref. No. 1978/37758 * 'FAITH AND FARMING’, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams'. 720pp. Copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0 
Williams, Esther Margarita (I1191)
 
21 == Biography ==From 'Women in Print' [http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19210914.2.117&srpos=13&e=10-09-1921-19-12-1921--10-EP-1/ Evening Post, Volume CII, Issue 65, 14 September 1921]: The death of a well-known and greatly respected pioneer resident of New Zealand, Mrs William Nelson, of ‘Waikoko’, Tomoana, (near Hastings) occurred on Sunday. Mrs Nelson was a daughter of the original Bishop William Williams, who came out to New Zealand from England in 1826 and carried on missionary work amongst the Maori in the Bay of Islands. She was born in the Bay of Islands, and for some time during the Maori War resided near Gisborne. She was married to Mr William Nelson some 37 years ago, being his second wife. There were two children of the marriage, a son and daughter. The daughter, who was Mrs George Cotterill, died some time ago, and the son, Mr Lionel Williams, of the firm of Messrs. J. J. Niven and Co., is at present in England. The late Mrs Nelson was of rather a retiring nature, but her kindly and generous disposition won for her many friends. She was ever ready to help any worthy cause. As mark of respect for Mrs Nelson, flags on many business premises in Hastings were flown at half-mast till the funeral had taken place. WILLIAMS, Emma Caroline (I41)
 
22 == Biography ==James was very successful in business, owning some large sheep and cattle stations on the East Coast and Hawke's Bay, and was involved in the development of the fruit-growing and canning, and the meat freezing industries, and others. Much is written on his ventures and involvement in the development of Hastings (NZ). He served on the County Council, Hospital Board, Napier Harbour Board, etc. Too much to write here.

=== Notes ===
: property : FRIMLEY

=== Burial ===
: Burial:
:: Place: Havelock North Cemetery

== Sources ==
*'Faith and Farming, the legacy of Henry Williams and William Williams' (a 720p family record), copyright Rex Evans, Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN-1-877194-53-0* http://records.ancestry.com/james_nelson_williams_records.ashx?pid=76709291 
WILLIAMS, James Nelson (I36)
 
23 According to Census Records George Manson was A School Teacher eventual y rising to the postion of Headmaster in Edinburgh MANSON, George (I530)
 
24 According to Death Cert search 77 years old at death CURRIE, William Purdie (I185)
 
25 According to family information Henry Williams was born on 11 February 1 7 92; he was baptised on 13 April at Gosport, Hampshire, England. He was t h e fifth child and third son of Thomas Williams, a lace manufacturer, a n d his wife, Mary Marsh. His parents were relatively well off until the d e ath of his father in 1804. Two years later, at the age of 14, Henry en t ered the Royal Navy as a midshipman, with aspirations to be an officer . T he nearly 10 years that he spent in the navy were far from easy; con di tions on naval vessels were extremely harsh during the Napoleonic war s . Having seen active service in many parts of the world he was dischar g ed from the navy in August 1815 as a lieutenant on half pay. The last c a ptain under whom he served noted that he had behaved with diligence an d s obriety.
With the end of the Napoleonic wars unemployment, particularly among ha l fpay lieutenants, was very high; Henry had to find a new vocation. He w o rked for a while as a drawing master, but at the same time began to pr e pare himself for the mission field. His parents were Dissenters, and l i ke many missionaries who came from homes influenced by evangelical Chr i stianity, he experienced a gradual conversion rather than a sudden ill u mination. From about 1816 he came under the tutelage of his evangelica l b rother-in-law, Edward Marsh, a member of the Church Missionary Socie ty a nd later vicar of Aylesford. But his firm decision to become a miss ion ary was probably made after his marriage to Marianne Coldham at Nune ha m Courtenay, Oxfordshire, on 20 January 1818.
In 1819 Henry Williams offered his services to the CMS. He was accepted f i rst as a lay settler, and then in 1820 as a missionary candidate. Alth o ugh Marsh thought that he had no 'great proficiency in the Greek and L a tin language', he was ordained a priest 'for the cure of souls in his m a jesty's foreign possessions' in 1822. Before leaving for New Zealand h e a lso took instruction in the practical areas of medicine, weaving, tw in ing, basket making, and, during the voyage out, shipbuilding. With Ma r ianne and three children he arrived at the Bay of Islands on the Bramp t on on 3 August 1823.
Henry Williams was severely tested during the early months in the Bay o f I slands, as he assumed the leadership of a mission beset by problems. T h e CMS mission to New Zealand was nearly 10 years old when he arrived, b u t not a single Maori had been converted. The missionaries were still l a rgely dependent on the Maori for food and supplies; and under the lead e rship of Thomas Kendall and John Butler the mission had been torn apar t b y bitter personal disputes.
Having settled himself and his family at Paihia, Henry first attended t o t he secular side of the mission. He wanted to reduce the missionaries ' i nvolvement with the trading captains of Kororareka (Russell), to end t h eir dependence on the Maori for supplies, and most of all he wanted to s t op the musket trade in which the missionaries had been forced to engag e . He quickly imposed regulations on the missionaries' trading, but it w a s the completion in 1826, under Henry's direction, of the 50 ton schoo n er Herald that really made the mission independent of local influences .
Meantime Henry had also put his mind to the spiritual aspect of mission a ry work. He soon concluded that the mission had placed too much emphas i s on 'civilising' the Maori. In this he differed from Samuel Marsden, f o under of the mission, who had emphasised teaching useful arts and agri c ulture as a prelude to conversion. Henry argued that the emphasis on s e cular instruction distracted the missionaries from the far more import a nt task of bringing the Maori to Christianity. He began to reorganise t h e mission so that more time could be devoted to spiritual teaching.
To better carry out this essential task, Henry argued that mission memb e rs needed to spend more time learning the Maori language, preaching to t h e tribes in the surrounding area, and teaching in the schools on the m i ssion stations; to do all these things most of the personnel would hav e t o be concentrated in one place. Paihia became the headquarters and t he re the missionaries began by devoting regular amounts of time to lear n ing Maori together. The arrival of Henry's brother William, in 1826, g a ve a great impetus to this programme: all members benefited from Willi a m's talent for languages. Having more missionaries at one station mean t t hat they were able to visit the surrounding villages more frequently a n d, as they became proficient in Maori, their preaching was more effect i ve. Schooling for Maori children was revitalised under Henry and his w i fe, Marianne, and more students attended classes regularly. Working ef f ectively together fostered harmonious relations among the missionaries t h emselves; Henry claimed that the Maori noticed their greater unity and p u rpose.
Henry Williams's forceful personality and discipline were perhaps as im p ortant as his policies in reorganising the mission, and these characte r istics also contributed to his growing mana among the Maori. Although h i s capacity to comprehend the indigenous culture was severely constrain e d by his evangelical Christianity, his obduracy was in some ways an ad v antage in dealings with the Maori. From the time of his arrival he ref u sed to be intimidated by the threats and boisterous actions of utu and m u ru plundering parties. By the late 1820s he felt confident enough to i n tervene in intertribal disputes and on several occasions was able to n e gotiate peace between hostile groups. Such peacemaking was both a caus e a nd a consequence of his growing prestige among the Maori. Only a per so n who was held in regard would be invited to settle a conflict, and i t r equired even greater mana to be successful. As his personal repute g re w, so did the influence of the mission.
The 1830s were a decade of achievement and progress for Henry Williams a n d the CMS mission. Success could be measured in two ways: increasing n u mbers of Maori were baptised, and the Bay of Islands mission was secur e e nough to provide a base for expansion throughout the North Island. T he re had been occasional baptisms in earlier years, but, beginning in 1 8 29--30, several Maori adults and children were baptised at Paihia. By 1 8 42 over 3,000 Maori in the Bay of Islands area had been baptised. No d o ubt Maori motives for 'going missionary' were often mixed and there wa s c onsiderable backsliding in later years, but, as Maori conversions in cr eased, the missionaries were successful, at least in their own terms. T h eir growing confidence in the north enabled them to extend their opera t ions to the south. Here, too, Henry Williams played a leading role. He m a de several trips to other parts of the North Island to explore the pos s ibilities for expansion, and directed the establishment of new mission s . He sent missionaries to begin work at several places in the Waikato d u ring the 1830s, his brother William moved to Turanga, in Poverty Bay, a t t he end of the decade, and stations were founded as far south as Otak i. B y 1840 Henry could look with considerable satisfaction on the achie vem ents of the CMS mission since his arrival in 1823.
But 1840 was also a year of major changes, both for New Zealand and, al t hough he did not appreciate it immediately, for Henry Williams. With t h e country's annexation by Britain and a growing population of settlers , H enry became embroiled in racial conflict and caught up by forces tha t w ere beyond his control. Rather than simply ministering to one race, h e w as drawn into the increasingly uncomfortable role of mediating betwe en t wo races.
The ambiguity of his position was apparent at the signing of the Treaty o f W aitangi in 1840. Henry translated the English draft of the treaty in to M aori, and, at the meetings with the Crown's representative, William H o bson, at Waitangi, he explained its provisions to Maori leaders. Later h e t ravelled to the west coast of the North Island, between Wellington a nd W anganui, and to the Marlborough Sounds to persuade other Maori to s ign t he treaty. However, his Maori version of the treaty was not a lite ral t ranslation from the English draft and did not convey clearly the c essi on of sovereignty. Moreover, in his discussions with Maori leaders H en ry placed the treaty in the best possible light and this, and his man a , were major factors in the treaty's acceptance. Undoubtedly, therefor e , he must bear some of the responsibility for the failure of the Treat y o f Waitangi to provide the basis for peaceful settlement and a lastin g u nderstanding between Maori and European.
As Maori-European relations deteriorated in the north in the early 1840 s , Henry Williams tried to maintain peace between the races, as he had d o ne earlier between tribes. In spite of his efforts the conflict over l a nd and sovereignty soon moved beyond the possibility of compromise. Ha v ing failed to prevent hostilities he assisted the wounded and helped e v acuate the beleaguered settlers when Hone Heke launched a final attack o n K ororareka in 1845. His close association with the Bay of Islands Mao ri p roduced accusations of disloyalty from Europeans, while the station ing o f British troops at the Waimate mission created suspicion in the m inds o f some Maori. Other Maori accused him of misleading them in his e xplan ations of the treaty. Throughout the conflict, as in later life, H enry a sserted that his missionary vocation was paramount and that his p rimar y concern was for the Maori, but it was difficult to be single-min ded w hen he was assailed from all sides.
The arrival of George Grey to begin his first governorship in late 1845 s o on led to Henry Williams's involvement in disputes of another kind. Du r ing the 1830s, mostly to provide some security for his growing family, H e nry had purchased extensive tracts of land in the Tai-a-mai area, west o f P aihia. In dispatches to the Colonial Office that later became public , G rey questioned the validity of Henry's title to the land and falsely c l aimed that the landholdings of the CMS missionaries were a cause of th e w ar in the north. Henry was obliged to defend his land purchases and, m u ch more important as far as he was concerned, his personal integrity a g ainst the governor's charges. But he was fighting a losing battle agai n st a more powerful adversary. Henry's superior, Bishop G. A. Selwyn, s i ded with Grey, and in 1849 the CMS in London, persuaded by Henry Willi a ms's critics, decided that Henry was too much of an embarrassment to r e main a member of the organisation.
His dismissal from the CMS that he had served for so long was a bitter b l ow to Henry. Within a week of receiving the news in May 1850 he left P a ihia and moved to Pakaraka, where his children were farming the land t h at was the source of so much trouble. He was still a priest in the Chu r ch of England and Selwyn had made him archdeacon of Waimate in 1844; h e c ontinued to minister and preach to the Maori in his locality and gat he red a considerable congregation around him. The injustice against him w a s only partly assuaged when he was reinstated to the CMS in 1854.
Henry Williams's abiding concern for the Maori was apparent in his dist r ess at the outbreak of warfare with the Pakeha again in 1860. In priva t e correspondence he was critical of the government officials and their p o licies, but he remained largely aloof from the public debate about the w a r. In 1862 he wrote to his brother-in-law, Edward Marsh: 'I feel our w o rk is drawing to a close; and were it not for the Maories, I should ha v e relinquished all long since. But I feel bound to them'. After severa l y ears of deteriorating health, Henry Williams died on 16 July 1867. H is p assing was perhaps most keenly felt by the northern Maori among who m h e had lived for most of his life.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

According to family information Henry Williams was born on 11 February 1 7 92; he was baptised on 13 April at Gosport, Hampshire, England. He was t h e fifth child and third son of Thomas Williams, a lace manufacturer, a n d his wife, Mary Marsh. His parents were relatively well offuntil the d e ath of his father in 1804. Two years later, at the age of14, Henry ent e red the Royal Navy as a midshipman, with aspirations tobe an officer. T h e nearly 10 years that he spent in the navy were farfrom easy; conditi o ns on naval vessels were extremely harsh during the Napoleonic wars. H a ving seen active service in many parts of the world he was discharged f r om the navy in August 1815 as a lieutenant on half pay. The last capta i n under whom he served noted that he had behaved with diligence and so b riety.
With the end of the Napoleonic wars unemployment, particularly among ha l fpay lieutenants, was very high; Henry had to find a new vocation. He w o rked for a while as a drawing master, but at the same time began to pr e pare himself for the mission field. His parents were Dissenters,and li k e many missionaries who came from homes influenced by evangelical Chri s tianity, he experienced a gradual conversion rather than a sudden illu m ination. From about 1816 he came under the tutelage of his evangelical b r other-in-law, Edward Marsh, a member of the Church Missionary Society a n d later vicar of Aylesford. But his firm decision to become a missiona r y was probably made after his marriage to Marianne Coldham at Nuneham C o urtenay, Oxfordshire, on 20 January 1818.
In 1819 Henry Williams offered his services to the CMS. He was accepted f i rst as a lay settler, and then in 1820 as a missionary candidate.Altho u gh Marsh thought that he had no 'great proficiency in the Greekand Lat i n language', he was ordained a priest 'for the cure of souls in his ma j esty's foreign possessions' in 1822. Before leaving for New Zealand he a l so took instruction in the practical areas of medicine, weaving, twini n g, basket making, and, during the voyage out, shipbuilding. With Maria n ne and three children he arrived at the Bay of Islands on the Brampton o n 3 A ugust 1823.
Henry Williams was severely tested during the early months in the Bayof I s lands, as he assumed the leadership of a mission beset by problems. Th e C MS mission to New Zealand was nearly 10 years old when he arrived, b ut n ot a single Maori had been converted. The missionaries werestill la rge ly dependent on the Maori for food and supplies; and underthe leader sh ip of Thomas Kendall and John Butler the mission had beentorn apart b y b itter personal disputes.
Having settled himself and his family at Paihia, Henry first attendedto t h e secular side of the mission. He wanted to reduce the missionaries' i n volvement with the trading captains of Kororareka (Russell), toend the i r dependence on the Maori for supplies, and most of all he wanted to s t op the musket trade in which the missionaries had been forced to engag e . He quickly imposed regulations on the missionaries' trading, but it w a s the completion in 1826, under Henry's direction, of the 50 ton schoo n er Herald that really made the mission independent of local influences .
Meantime Henry had also put his mind to the spiritual aspect of mission a ry work. He soon concluded that the mission had placed too much emphas i s on 'civilising' the Maori. In this he differed from Samuel Marsden, f o under of the mission, who had emphasised teaching useful arts and agri c ulture as a prelude to conversion. Henry argued that the emphasis on s e cular instruction distracted the missionaries from the far more import a nt task of bringing the Maori to Christianity. He began to reorganise t h e mission so that more time could be devoted to spiritual teaching.
To better carry out this essential task, Henry argued that mission memb e rs needed to spend more time learning the Maori language, preachingto t h e tribes in the surrounding area, and teaching in the schools onthe mi s sion stations; to do all these things most of the personnel would have t o b e concentrated in one place. Paihia became the headquarters and ther e t he missionaries began by devoting regular amounts of time to learnin g M aori together. The arrival of Henry's brother William,in 1826, gave a g r eat impetus to this programme: all members benefited from William's ta l ent for languages. Having more missionaries at one station meant that t h ey were able to visit the surrounding villagesmore frequently and, as t h ey became proficient in Maori, their preaching was more effective. Sch o oling for Maori children was revitalised under Henry and his wife, Mar i anne, and more students attended classes regularly. Working effectivel y t ogether fostered harmonious relations among the missionaries themsel ve s; Henry claimed that the Maori noticed their greater unity and purpo s e.
Henry Williams's forceful personality and discipline were perhaps as im p ortant as his policies in reorganising the mission, and these characte r istics also contributed to his growing mana among the Maori. Although h i s capacity to comprehend the indigenous culture was severely constrain e d by his evangelical Christianity, his obduracy was in some ways an ad v antage in dealings with the Maori. From the time of his arrival he ref u sed to be intimidated by the threats and boisterous actions of utu and m u ru plundering parties. By the late 1820s he felt confident enough to i n tervene in intertribal disputes and on several occasions was able to n e gotiate peace between hostile groups. Such peacemaking was both a caus e a nd a consequence of his growing prestige among the Maori. Only a per so n who was held in regard would be invited to settle a conflict, and i t r equired even greater mana to be successful. Ashis personal repute gr ew , so did the influence of the mission.
The 1830s were a decade of achievement and progress for Henry Williams a n d the CMS mission. Success could be measured in two ways: increasing n u mbers of Maori were baptised, and the Bay of Islands mission wassecure e n ough to provide a base for expansion throughout the North Island. Ther e h ad been occasional baptisms in earlier years, but, beginning in 1829 -- 30, several Maori adults and children were baptised at Paihia. By 184 2 o ver 3,000 Maori in the Bay of Islands area had been baptised. No dou bt M aori motives for 'going missionary' were often mixed and there was c on siderable backsliding in later years, but, as Maori conversions incre a sed, the missionaries were successful, at least in their own terms. Th e ir growing confidence in the north enabled them to extend their operat i ons to the south. Here, too, Henry Williams playeda leading role. He m a de several trips to other parts of the North Island to explore the pos s ibilities for expansion, and directed the establishment of new mission s . He sent missionaries to begin work at several places in the Waikato d u ring the 1830s, his brother William moved to Turanga, in Poverty Bay, a t t he end of the decade, and stations were founded as far south as Otak i. B y 1840 Henry could look with considerable satisfaction on the achie vem ents of the CMS mission since his arrival in 1823.
But 1840 was also a year of major changes, both for New Zealand and, al t hough he did not appreciate it immediately, for Henry Williams. With t h e country's annexation by Britain and a growing population of settlers , H enry became embroiled in racial conflict and caught up by forces tha t w ere beyond his control. Rather than simply ministering to onerace, h e w as drawn into the increasingly uncomfortable role of mediating betwe en t wo races.
The ambiguity of his position was apparent at the signing of the Treaty o f W aitangi in 1840. Henry translated the English draft of the treaty in to M aori, and, at the meetings with the Crown's representative, William H o bson, at Waitangi, he explained its provisions to Maori leaders. Later h e t ravelled to the west coast of the North Island, between Wellington a nd W anganui, and to the Marlborough Sounds to persuade other Maori to s ign t he treaty. However, his Maori version of the treaty was not a lite ral t ranslation from the English draft and did not convey clearly the c essi on of sovereignty. Moreover, in his discussions with Maori leaders H en ry placed the treaty in the best possible light and this, and his man a , were major factors in the treaty's acceptance. Undoubtedly, therefor e , he must bear some of the responsibility for the failure of the Treat y o f Waitangi to provide the basis for peacefulsettlement and a lasting u n derstanding between Maori and European.
As Maori-European relations deteriorated in the north in the early 1840 s , Henry Williams tried to maintain peace between the races, as he had d o ne earlier between tribes. In spite of his efforts the conflict over l a nd and sovereignty soon moved beyond the possibility of compromise. Ha v ing failed to prevent hostilities he assisted the wounded and helped e v acuate the beleaguered settlers when Hone Heke launched a final attack o n K ororareka in 1845. His close association with the Bay ofIslands Maor i p roduced accusations of disloyalty from Europeans, while the stationi ng o f British troops at the Waimate mission created suspicion in the mi nds o f some Maori. Other Maori accused him of misleading them in his ex plan ations of the treaty. Throughout the conflict, asin later life, Hen ry a sserted that his missionary vocation was paramount and that his pri mar y concern was for the Maori, but it was difficult to be single-minde d w hen he was assailed from all sides.
The arrival of George Grey to begin his first governorship in late 1845 s o on led to Henry Williams's involvement in disputes of another kind. Du r ing the 1830s, mostly to provide some security for his growing family, H e nry had purchased extensive tracts of land in the Tai-a-mai area, west o f P aihia. In dispatches to the Colonial Office that later became public , G rey questioned the validity of Henry's title to the land and falsely c l aimed that the landholdings of the CMS missionaries were a cause of th e w ar in the north. Henry was obliged to defend his land purchases and, m u ch more important as far as he was concerned, hispersonal integrity ag a inst the governor's charges. But he was fighting a losing battle again s t a more powerful adversary. Henry's superior, Bishop G. A. Selwyn, si d ed with Grey, and in 1849 the CMS in London, persuaded by Henry Willia m s's critics, decided that Henry was too much of an embarrassment to re m ain a member of the organisation.
His dismissal from the CMS that he had served for so long was a bitter b l ow to Henry. Within a week of receiving the news in May 1850 he left P a ihia and moved to Pakaraka, where his children were farming the land t h at was the source of so much trouble. He was still a priest in the Chu r ch of England and Selwyn had made him archdeacon of Waimate in1844; he c o ntinued to minister and preach to the Maori in his locality and gather e d a considerable congregation around him. The injustice against him wa s o nly partly assuaged when he was reinstated to the CMSin 1854.
Henry Williams's abiding concern for the Maori was apparent in his dist r ess at the outbreak of warfare with the Pakeha again in 1860. In priva t e correspondence he was critical of the government officials and their p o licies, but he remained largely aloof from the public debate about the w a r. In 1862 he wrote to his brother-in-law, Edward Marsh: 'I feel our w o rk is drawing to a close; and were it not for the Maories,I should hav e r elinquished all long since. But I feel bound to them'.After several y e ars of deteriorating health, Henry Williams died on 16 July 1867. His p a ssing was perhaps most keenly felt by the northernMaori among whom he h a d lived for most of his life. 
WILLIAMS, Henry (I122)
 
26 According to family information William Williams was born at Plumtre Ho u se, Nottingham, England, on 18 July 1800, the ninth and youngest child o f M ary Marsh and her husband, Thomas Williams. He was baptised on 30 Oc to ber 1800. Thomas Williams was of Welsh descent, a hosier by trade and a m a n of substance in Nottingham. He was a Dissenter, but never accepted t h e Unitarian doctrine so strongly propounded in Nottingham's chapels du r ing the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He died of typhoid w h en William was three. After an unsuccessful attempt to carry on the ho s iery business Mary Williams moved with her younger children to Southwe l l, Nottinghamshire, where she began a school for young ladies.
In 1813 the marriage of William's sister, Lydia, to their cousin Edward G a rrard Marsh brought the family under the influence of this evangelical c l ergyman. Marsh interested Henry, one of William's older brothers, in t h e work of the Church Missionary Society, which in turn affected Willia m . Another consequence was that members of the Williams family turned f r om nonconformity to the Church of England. This dissenting, evangelica l b ackground considerably influenced the two missionary brothers and wa s s hared by their wives, making them opponents of all later high church p r actices within the Anglican church.
William Williams was educated at a small dame school and at Southwell G r ammar School. He completed an apprenticeship to a Southwell surgeon be f ore entering Magdalen Hall (later Hertford College), Oxford, in 1822, a s a p rospective CMS trainee, under the special care of its evangelical p rin cipal, Dr John Macbride. He came down from Oxford in 1824 with a BA i n C lassics, and the same year was ordained deacon, on 26 September, and p r iest, on 19 December. At the beginning of 1825 he was at the CMS Train i ng College, Islington, London.
From the outset of his missionary training there had been a tacit agree m ent with the CMS that he should follow his brother, Henry, to New Zeal a nd. During a fund raising tour of the Midlands news of his imminent de p arture reached William and hurried along marriage plans. At Sheffield, o n 1 1 July 1825, he married Jane Nelson of Newark, Nottinghamshire, and o n 1 2 August they embarked on the Sir George Osborne. After a three mont h s tay at Sydney they landed at Paihia, Bay of Islands, on 25 March 182 6. B etween 1826 and 1846 they had nine children, all born in New Zealan d.
At Paihia William Williams was in charge of the English boys' school an d , until the arrival of Samuel Ford in 1837, was the mission doctor. Hi s e arly fluency in spoken Maori was noted by Henry Williams: 'HeÉappear s n ot to learn it; but it seems to flow naturally from him'. In Septemb er 1 826 he began the first serious, sustained effort to produce the Scr ipt ures in Maori. By the end of 1837 he had completed the whole of the N e w Testament and the greater part of the Book of Common Prayer
In May 1835 the English boys' school was relocated at Waimate North, wh i ch became William's second station. He had already made several missio n ary journeys, some of them most important. In December 1833 and Januar y 1 834 he had gone by schooner to the East Cape and Mahia peninsula, ac co mpanied by William Yate, to return Ngati Porou Maori captured by raid i ng Nga Puhi. (These people were to become the forerunners of the CMS E a st Coast mission.) Between July and November 1834 he had travelled ove r land to the Thames and Waikato regions, accompanied by Alfred Nesbit B r own. In January 1838, with William Colenso, Richard Matthews and James S t ack, he made an overland journey from East Cape to Turanga, Poverty Ba y . He was determined that a CMS missionary be stationed on the East Coa s t, and 'when Richard Taylor, who had travelled with him on another vis i t there from March to May 1839, agreed to take over the Waimate school , h e and Jane left for Turanga on 31 December 1839.
Apart from a visit to England during 1851--52 to vindicate the New Zeal a nd mission and his brother, William Williams remained based at the Tur a nga mission station from 20 January 1840 to 3 April 1865. For many yea r s he was the only ordained CMS missionary in the church's eastern dist r ict, walking north to East Cape, south to Hawke's Bay and inland to Wa i karemoana as part of a regular visiting schedule. He made occasional o v erland journeys to Wellington and to St John's College, Auckland. Selw y n inducted him as archdeacon of the East Cape on 27 November 1842, and o n 3 A pril 1859 consecrated him bishop of Waiapu, a diocese which initia lly h ad a predominantly Maori character. (On his English visit a doctor ate o f canon law from Oxford had been conferred on him.)
In April 1857, having come to realise that the training of a Maori past o rate was his main job, William Williams moved from the first mission s i te at Manutuke (at Kaupapa between 1840 and 1844, and then at Whakato) , t o locate his Maori training schools and his residence at Waerenga-a- hi ka, a few miles inland, where there was more land available for a mis s ion farm. After leaving Turanga in 1865 he stayed for two years at Pai h ia where he began another training school at Horotutu. There he wrote C h ristianity among the New Zealanders , published in London in 1867 and i n tended as an apologia for the CMS mission in New Zealand. At the end o f M ay 1867 he moved to Napier and the following year into his final res id ence, Hukarere, on Napier hill. An agreement between Bishops G. A. Se l wyn and C. J. Abraham had added Hawke's Bay to the Waiapu diocese, and W i lliam was anxious to make Te Aute estate (set aside for educational pu r poses by his nephew and son-in-law, Samuel Williams) the site of his c e ntral diocesan school. In July 1875 he also established the Hukarere s c hool for Maori girls, close by his own home. His daughter, Anna Maria, w a s principal. On 9 February 1878 he died at Hukarere. His land at Napie r w as worth nearly £9,000, and he left other property at Kerikeri, Taur an ga and Gisborne.
William Williams once described his missionary life as 'like the unbrok e n course of a parish schoolmaster. A great deal of work, but most of i t o f the same character'. With his Maori converts he regularly 'read an d c onversed', but apart from his knowledge of the language he showed li tt le interest in Maori culture and disapproved of most Maori social cus t oms. Nevertheless his influence among his mission Maori, to whom he wa s k nown as Parata (Brother), was considerable. He generally found that ' a l ittle quiet expostulation' settled differences between Maori and mis si onary. His colleagues found him kindly, easy to get along with and 'a g e ntleman', but when his principles were crossed, either by Bishop Selwy n o r by the CMS secretaries in London, he was adamant and resolute. His d e cision to quit Waerenga-a-hika in 1865, when it was threatened by a sm a ll band of Hauhau who fraternised with his Turanga Maori, appears to h a ve been influenced not so much by the admonishments of Selwyn and memb e rs of his family, as by William's own determination to withdraw his pr e sence and his mana from those who were prepared to entertain 'false go d s'.
His attitude to colonisation and to the New Zealand wars changed as he g r ew older. In 1840 he collected signatures to the Treaty of Waitangi, a n d later defended its land guarantee against threats by settlers and Br i tish authorities. He was critical of the Waitara purchase, but thought t h at the wisest course was for the government to subjugate 'rebel' Maori ; ' salutary chastisement' would bring them to their senses. Later he re vi sed that opinion: 'All this war down to the present time [1868] has s p rung out of WaitaraÉ. As a community and as a government we have been p u ffed up, first with an idea that we were in the right, & secondly that w e w ere able to put down the natives by our own strengthÉ. We are now br ou ght very low.' Land confiscation, he came to think, was particularly u n just. For years he had regarded Turanga as a missionary enclave; retur n ing there from England in 1853 he disapproved of the attempt made by h i s locum, T. S. Grace, to introduce European trading practices.
As a steady, conscientious teacher William Williams was neither too upl i fted by the apparent missionary success of the 1830s and 1840s, nor to o d ismayed by the massive falling away of the 1850s and 1860s. All thro ug h his missionary life he kept revising the Maori New Testament and Bo o k of Common Prayer. In 1844 he was with the 'Translation Syndicate' at W a imate, but mostly he worked alone, conferring from time to time with R o bert Maunsell. His enduring memorial is A dictionary of the New Zealan d l anguage , first published at Paihia in 1844. The second edition was a l so his work, the third and fourth that of his son, Bishop William Leon a rd Williams, and the fifth, of his grandson, Bishop Herbert William Wi l liams.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

According to family information William Williams was born at Plumtre Ho u se, Nottingham, England, on 18 July 1800, the ninth and youngest child o f M ary Marsh and her husband, Thomas Williams. He was baptised on30 Oct ob er 1800. Thomas Williams was of Welsh descent, a hosier by trade and a m a n of substance in Nottingham. He was a Dissenter, but never accepted t h e Unitarian doctrine so strongly propounded in Nottingham's chapels du r ing the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He died of typhoid w h en William was three. After an unsuccessful attempt to carry on the ho s iery business Mary Williams moved with her younger children to Southwe l l, Nottinghamshire, where she began a school for young ladies.
In 1813 the marriage of William's sister, Lydia, to their cousin Edward G a rrard Marsh brought the family under the influence of this evangelical c l ergyman. Marsh interested Henry, one of William's older brothers, in t h e work of the Church Missionary Society, which in turn affected Willia m . Another consequence was that members of the Williams family turned f r om nonconformity to the Church of England. This dissenting, evangelica l b ackground considerably influenced the two missionary brothers and wa s s hared by their wives, making them opponents of all later high church p r actices within the Anglican church.
William Williams was educated at a small dame school and at SouthwellGr a mmar School. He completed an apprenticeship to a Southwell surgeonbefo r e entering Magdalen Hall (later Hertford College), Oxford, in 1822, as a p r ospective CMS trainee, under the special care of its evangelical princ i pal, Dr John Macbride. He came down from Oxford in 1824 with a BA in C l assics, and the same year was ordained deacon, on 26 September, and pr i est, on 19 December. At the beginning of 1825 he was at the CMS Traini n g College, Islington, London.
From the outset of his missionary training there had been a tacit agree m ent with the CMS that he should follow his brother, Henry, to New Zeal a nd. During a fund raising tour of the Midlands news of his imminent de p arture reached William and hurried along marriage plans. At Sheffield, o n 1 1 July 1825, he married Jane Nelson of Newark, Nottinghamshire, and o n 1 2 August they embarked on the Sir George Osborne. After athree month s t ay at Sydney they landed at Paihia, Bay of Islands, on 25 March 1826. B e tween 1826 and 1846 they had nine children, all born in New Zealand.
At Paihia William Williams was in charge of the English boys' school an d , until the arrival of Samuel Ford in 1837, was the mission doctor.His e a rly fluency in spoken Maori was noted by Henry Williams: 'HeÉappears n o t to learn it; but it seems to flow naturally from him'. In September 1 8 26 he began the first serious, sustained effort to produce the Scriptu r es in Maori. By the end of 1837 he had completed the whole of the New T e stament and the greater part of the Book of Common Prayer
In May 1835 the English boys' school was relocated at Waimate North, wh i ch became William's second station. He had already made several missio n ary journeys, some of them most important. In December 1833 and Januar y 1 834 he had gone by schooner to the East Cape and Mahia peninsula, ac co mpanied by William Yate, to return Ngati Porou Maori captured by raid i ng Nga Puhi. (These people were to become the forerunners of the CMS E a st Coast mission.) Between July and November 1834 he had travelled ove r land to the Thames and Waikato regions, accompanied by Alfred Nesbit B r own. In January 1838, with William Colenso, Richard Matthews and James S t ack, he made an overland journey from East Cape to Turanga, Poverty Ba y . He was determined that a CMS missionary be stationedon the East Coas t , and 'when Richard Taylor, who had travelled with him on another visi t t here from March to May 1839, agreed to take over the Waimate school, h e a nd Jane left for Turanga on 31 December 1839.
Apart from a visit to England during 1851--52 to vindicate the New Zeal a nd mission and his brother, William Williams remained based at the Tur a nga mission station from 20 January 1840 to 3 April 1865. For manyyear s h e was the only ordained CMS missionary in the church's easterndistri ct , walking north to East Cape, south to Hawke's Bay and inlandto Waika r emoana as part of a regular visiting schedule. He made occasional over l and journeys to Wellington and to St John's College, Auckland. Selwyn i n ducted him as archdeacon of the East Cape on 27 November 1842, and on 3 A p ril 1859 consecrated him bishop of Waiapu, a diocese which initially h a d a predominantly Maori character. (On his English visit a doctorate o f c anon law from Oxford had been conferred on him.)
In April 1857, having come to realise that the training of a Maori past o rate was his main job, William Williams moved from the first mission s i te at Manutuke (at Kaupapa between 1840 and 1844, and then at Whakato) , t o locate his Maori training schools and his residence at Waerenga-a- hi ka, a few miles inland, where there was more land available for a mis s ion farm. After leaving Turanga in 1865 he stayed for two years at Pai h ia where he began another training school at Horotutu. Therehe wrote C h ristianity among the New Zealanders , published in London in 1867 and i n tended as an apologia for the CMS mission in New Zealand. At the end o f M ay 1867 he moved to Napier and the following year into his final res id ence, Hukarere, on Napier hill. An agreement betweenBishops G. A. Sel w yn and C. J. Abraham had added Hawke's Bay to the Waiapu diocese, and W i lliam was anxious to make Te Aute estate (set aside for educational pu r poses by his nephew and son-in-law, Samuel Williams) the site of his c e ntral diocesan school. In July 1875 he also established the Hukarere s c hool for Maori girls, close by his own home. His daughter, Anna Maria, w a s principal. On 9 February 1878 he died at Hukarere. His land at Napie r w as worth nearly £9,000, and he left other property at Kerikeri, Taur an ga and Gisborne.
William Williams once described his missionary life as 'like the unbrok e n course of a parish schoolmaster. A great deal of work, but most of i t o f the same character'. With his Maori converts he regularly 'read an d c onversed', but apart from his knowledge of the language he showed li tt le interest in Maori culture and disapproved of most Maori social cus t oms. Nevertheless his influence among his mission Maori, to whom he wa s k nown as Parata (Brother), was considerable. He generally found that ' a l ittle quiet expostulation' settled differences between Maori and mis si onary. His colleagues found him kindly, easy to get alongwith and 'a g e ntleman', but when his principles were crossed, either by Bishop Selwy n o r by the CMS secretaries in London, he was adamant and resolute. His d e cision to quit Waerenga-a-hika in 1865, when it wasthreatened by a sma l l band of Hauhau who fraternised with his TurangaMaori, appears to hav e b een influenced not so much by the admonishments of Selwyn and member s o f his family, as by William's own determination to withdraw his pres en ce and his mana from those who were preparedto entertain 'false gods' .
His attitude to colonisation and to the New Zealand wars changed as he g r ew older. In 1840 he collected signatures to the Treaty of Waitangi, a n d later defended its land guarantee against threats by settlers and Br i tish authorities. He was critical of the Waitara purchase, but thought t h at the wisest course was for the government to subjugate 'rebel' Maori ; ' salutary chastisement' would bring them to their senses. Later he re vi sed that opinion: 'All this war down to the present time [1868] has s p rung out of WaitaraÉ. As a community and as a government we have been p u ffed up, first with an idea that we were in the right,& secondly that w e w ere able to put down the natives by our own strengthÉ. We are now br ou ght very low.' Land confiscation, he came to think, was particularly u n just. For years he had regarded Turanga as a missionary enclave; retur n ing there from England in 1853 he disapproved of the attempt made by h i s locum, T. S. Grace, to introduce European trading practices.
As a steady, conscientious teacher William Williams was neither too upl i fted by the apparent missionary success of the 1830s and 1840s, nortoo d i smayed by the massive falling away of the 1850s and 1860s. All through h i s missionary life he kept revising the Maori New Testament and Book of C o mmon Prayer. In 1844 he was with the 'Translation Syndicate' at Waimat e , but mostly he worked alone, conferring from time to time with Robert M a unsell. His enduring memorial is A dictionary of the New Zealand langu a ge , first published at Paihia in 1844. The second edition was also hi s w ork, the third and fourth that of his son, BishopWilliam Leonard Wil li ams, and the fifth, of his grandson, Bishop Herbert William Williams.
BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/[[Category:Napier, Hawke's Bay]]
[[Category: New Zealand Colonists]]
[[Category: Missionaries in New Zealand]]
[[Category: Old Napier Cemetery, Napier, Hawke's Bay]]
[[Category: Church Missionary Society]]
[[Category: Bible Translators]]
{{Migrating Ancestor
| origin = Great Britain
| destination = New Zealand
| origin-flag = Flags-3.jpg
| destination-flag = Flags-19.png
}}
== Biography ==
There is a vast quantity of information online and in New Zealand Historical Libraries and Universities, Church Missionary Society, etc. He was one of New Zealand's foremost missionaries, and renowned for his great work in translation of the Native language into written form, translation of the Bible into the Maori language and a great leader in the education of the people.

*Completed a surgeon’s apprenticeship
*B.A. in classics at Oxford.
*Came to New Zealand in 1826.
*Missionary, teacher and linguist.
*First bishop of Waiapu in 1859.
*Key translator of the Bible and prayer book into Maori.
*Wrote a comprehensive dictionary of classical Maori pub. 1844.1858

===Other Reading===*Ministry for Culture and Heritage, [https://nzhistory.govt.nz/people/william-williams New Zealand History: William Williams]
*Frances Porter, [https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1w26/williams-william Dictionary of New Zealand Biography] ''William Williams, Missionary, Linguist,'' 1990. (accessed 3 January 2018)*Peter J. Lineham, [https://teara.govt.nz/en/photograph/28007/william-williams ''Missions and missionaries - First years of the CMS mission'',] Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 3 January 2018).*Eugene Stock D.C.L., 1913, [http://anglicanhistory.org/nz/stock1913/ ''The Story of the New Zealand Mission.''] Published by the London Church Missionary Society, Salisbury Square, E.C. and the New Zealand C.M. Association Dept, Nelson.

=== Burial ===
:: Place: Old Napier Hill Cemetery
:: Note: Northern Block 1 plot 14 b

== Sources ==Dates confirmed in the INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX (1981 Edition) and,‘FAITH AND FARMING - The legacy of Henry and William Williams’ Evagean Publishing 1998. ISBN 1-877194-53-0 (a 720p family tree record).

===Acknowledgements===Thanks to [[Williams-35317|Gary Williams]] for starting this profile. Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Gary and others. 
WILLIAMS, Bishop William (I27)
 
27 Address: home DUNN, Thomas (I184)
 
28 Address: MetlifeCare Village
Address: MetlifeCare Village 
AUSTIN, Carroll Dorothy (I14)
 
29 Address: Mornington Parish Dunedin Family F2
 
30 Address: Office of the Registrar of Marriages Family F27
 
31 Address: Resisdence of John H Harrison, Majoribanks St Family F67
 
32 AFN: NOTE

OTAGO COLONIST SEPTEMBER 28 1860

Otago Witness S eptember 2
CONC 9 1860

Shipping Intelligence: September 24 - Henriet ta, Cu
CONC mming, from Glasgow, M ay 30 1860

[Otago Witness 4 Augus t 1860
CONC , Page 4]

Passengers - Paying their ow n pass
CONC ages :

Andrew John

[Begg Samuel]

< /p>


CONC

Black Archibald

Bremner John

Camer on Du
CONC ncan, wife, 2 sons & 2 daughters

Dickson William

<
CONC p>

Dugard Robert (Duguid)

Eadie William wife, 1 s on, 2 d
CONC aughters

Erskine James

Falconer Janet< /p> CONC >

Farmer James B.

Ferguson William

< p>Grah
CONC am George

Grant Elspeth

Greig David & w ife
CONC

Greig Janet

Hamilton Mrs. David

<
CONC p>Hewat Robert wife & son & daughter

Litster James

CONC p>

McColl Duncan

McGill William

McLell
CONC an James

McLellan Catherine

McNeil Hec tor, w
CONC ife & daughter

Mill Robert

Mill Willi am and w
CONC ife Catherine

Munro Donald

Oliver Eli zabeth
CONC

Reid Simon

Robertson Jas.

< p>Ross
CONC Donald & wife

Smeaton James

[White John]
CONC

Assisted emigrants:

CONC >

Ballantine (?Ballantyne) Francis & Wife, 4 sons, 5 daughters< /p> CONC >

Cairns Peter & Wife, 1 son

Cameron Ewen & W ife, 7 s
CONC ons, 3 daughters (Allan, Duncan & Ewen)

Cameron Jo hn and w
CONC ife & Margaret (Angus Cameron paid £3 passage m oney to the Provi ncial G
CONC overnment of Otago on Sept. 24 1860 for John's p assage))

< p>Cand
CONC ich Margaret & 1 daughter

[Crichton William]

< /p>


CONC

Clark Ann

Couper (?Cowper) Ann

Cr ichton
CONC William

Dallas Thomas & and wife Elizabeth

<
CONC p>Deans George & Wife, 3 sons, 3 daughters (Alexander Deans pai d £4 4 5
CONC s passage money to the Provincial Government of Otago)

D eans J
CONC ohn & Wife, 1 son, 1 daughter

Duncan Peter


CONC Duncan William

Ferguson James

Gordon Joh
CONC n

Grant James & Wife (Elspet)

Gray W alter w
CONC ife, 3 sons, and daughter.

Greig Janet (paid £14 p assage m
CONC oney to the Provincial Government o f Otago on February 2 1872)

<
CONC p>Gunn Hugh

Hardie James, & Wife, 2 sons, 4 daug hters<
CONC /p>

Henderson John & Wife, 2 sons, 1 daughter (Alexande r Hend
CONC erson pai d £38 passage money to the Provincial Government of Ota go on A
CONC pril 16 1 863)

Hislop Mungo & Wife, 1 son

Hunte
CONC r Archibald & Wife, 1 son

Kinloch Margaret

<
CONC p>Livingston Charles & Wife, 3 sons, 4 daughters

Ma ckay A
CONC ngus

McColl Duncan & Wife, 4 sons, 4 daughters

CONC >

McEwen Jessie

McKenzie John & Wife and 2 sons

CONC p>

McLaren John ?gardener (Dundee)

McLaren J ohn & W
CONC ife, 2 sons

McLeod Alexander & Wife, 1 son, 2 daug hters<
CONC /p>

McPherson Angus & Wife

Marshall James & W if
CONC e, 2 sons

Mathieson Alexander

Morrison Malc
CONC olm & Wife, 5 sons

Murdoch Peter

Oliv er J
CONC ohn wife and 5 sons (James Oliver paid £10 passage money t o the P rovin
CONC cial Government of Otago on May 26 1869)

Orr John & Wi fe, 6 (
CONC ?5)sons, 3 daughters

Robertson Robert & Wife, 6 dau ghters
CONC

Robertson John

Rogers George & Wife

CONC p>

Sinclair Robert & Helen, James, John, Arthur

< p>Sinc
CONC lair Robert & Wife

Smith George

Stee dman J
CONC ames & Wife, 2 sons, 1 daughter

Steven James

<
CONC p>Sutherland John (?Lybster)

Sutherland Benjamin


CONC

Sutherland John & Wife, 1 son, 1 daughter

Swa n Ag
CONC nes

Webster Robert

Young William & W ife, 3 s
CONC ons (James)

The above list includes 4 f ar
CONC mers

26 ploughmen

17 shepherds

< p>

3 m
CONC asons

9 quarrymen

3 blacksmiths 4 ca rpente
CONC rs

1 tailor

1 teacher

4 ga rdener
CONC s

14 labourers

20 female servants.

< /p>


CONC

From the "Otago Witness"

"THE HENRI ETTA" T
CONC he barque "Henrietta" arrived at the Heads on Mo nday morning, af ter a p
CONC assage of 115 days from Glasgow. The rather prot racted voyage is r efer
CONC able to bad weather since passing the meridian of t he Cape, prev ious t
CONC o which not a reef had been taken in the topsails. S he had on bo ard, a
CONC t starting 238 souls, equal to 194½ statute adults, a n umber wh ich ha
CONC s been somewhat reduced by the casualties noted below. We r egret t o le
CONC arn that sickness has prevailed, and is still prevalent amon g th e pass
CONC engers to a considerable extent, though there have been no in fec tions o
CONC r contagious diseases. Various reports are in circulation as t o t he ca
CONC use of illness, it having been alleged by some that the accommo d ation o
CONC n board was insufficient, by others that the passengers have no t r ecei
CONC ved the necessary medical attention: and certainly the disgracef u l fac
CONC t that the surgeon was locked up on a charge of drunkenness a few h o ur
CONC s after landing, does not say much for his fitness for his onerou s d ut
CONC ies. The captain states, however, that the passengers were far fr om g e
CONC nerally healthy when they embarked, and their appearance on board ing w a
CONC s certainly not such as could have been wished, or equal to that o f pr e
CONC vious arrivals. One female died on board the "Oberon" on the pass age u p t
CONC he harbour. We presume that some inquiry will take place, and the ref or
CONC e refrain from further comment.

The following births and d eath
CONC s have occurred:

BIRTHS

J uly 17
CONC Mrs. J Deans of a son premature (died in 24 hours)

< p>July 2
CONC 0 Mrs. R Sinclair a son

July 17 Mrs. Hamilton a d aught
CONC er

DEATHS

July 18 Mary D eans a
CONC ged 2 yrs Decline

July 19 R Robertson aged 40 Ap oplexy
CONC

August 6 John Sutherland aged 23 months Decline


CONC

August 30 Robert Orr aged 2 yrs Marasmus

Sep t 5 J
CONC ohn Cameron aged 15 yrs Brain fever

Sept 7 Hannah O live
CONC r aged 19 yrs Brain Fever

Sept 13 Catherine Camer on age
CONC d 20 yrs Brain Fever

Sept 17 Catherine Cameron age d 19 y
CONC rs Brain Fever

Sept 22 Grace Cameron aged 23 yrs B rain F
CONC ever

Sept 26 Mrs. Ballantine aged 26 yrs Decline< /p> CONC >

The following address was given signed by 70 p asse
CONC ngers:

"Dear Sir,-

Now that we have lan ded in o
CONC ur adopted land we feel it to be our duty t o express our high ap precia
CONC tion of your qualities as a commander and yo ur conduct as a gent leman. W
CONC e likewise desire to testify our appreciati on of the conduct of M r.Fin
CONC nie Chief Officer and Mr.Turner second Offic er and also of the c rew wh
CONC o have done everything in their power to add t o our comfort by m any ac
CONC ts of kindness during the voyage With every wis h that prosperity m ay a
CONC ttend to you to the termination of your career w e remain yours, & c." CONC p>

Information courtesy of Alison de Caen who i s res
CONC earching the Hamilton a nd Litster families. Posted 3 January 200 0.


CONC

Otago Witness, 6 October 1860, Page 5

The f
CONC ollowing; letter, accompanied by a gold chain was presented to Ca p tain G
CONC umming of the Henrietta by a number of the passengers : — We , th e unde
CONC rsigned passengers by the barque Henrietta, from Glasgow to O tag o, wis
CONC h to express our gratitude and esteem of Captain Gumming as a c o mmande
CONC r and gentleman, and also his uniform kindness and attention to p r omot
CONC e our comfort during the voyage, by presenting him with a gold ch a in, w
CONC ishing that all success may attend him to the end of his career. 

BILLING, Reginald (I566)
 
33 Before the Plantation of Ulster, the area of Crawfordsburn was known as B allymullan (Irish: Baile Ui Mhaoláin). Crawfordsburn originated in the 1 7th century as a small settlement on an important routeway along North D own. It was named after a stream which flows through the village. It ha s retained elements of its 17th-century history along its Main Street i ncluding the coaching inn. The Sharman-Crawford family developed the vi llage in the 18th and 19th centuries. Crawfordsburn was promoted as a V ictorian tourist attraction, particularly for those visitors using the r ailway to nearby Helens Bay.
Source: Wikipedia 
LOWRY, Susan (I260)
 
34 Benjamin Maclean emigrated to New Zealand with his family departing fro m L ondon in 1860 on the SS Rob Roy. Their youngest child Blanche remain ed i n England and was adopted by John and Mary Maclean. Geoffrey, son o f T homas Every Maclean accompanied them on the voyage.
Benjamin was appointed Auditor-General of Public Accounts for the Provi n ce of Auckland, on 15 January 1863. Several other appointments followe d , including Justice of the Peace. With his brother Every, he undertook e x tensive farming operations in the Tamaki District.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Benjamin Maclean emigrated to New Zealand with his family departing fro m L ondon in 1860 on the SS Rob Roy. Their youngest child Blanche remain ed i n England and was adopted by John and Mary Maclean. Geoffrey, son o f T homas Every Maclean accompanied them on the voyage.
Benjamin was appointed Auditor-General of Public Accounts for the Provi n ce of Auckland, on 15 January 1863. Several other appointments followe d , including Justice of the Peace. With his brother Every, he undertook e x tensive farming operations in the Tamaki District.

(Research):Changed from Lean to Maclean to reclaim Scottish ancsestry 
MACLEAN, Benjamin (I50)
 
35 BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/
DEAT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
ISGAR, Lydia (I129)
 
36 BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
DALE, Dorothea (I201)
 
37 BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
NELSON, George (I716)
 
38 Boating Accident Williams, William John Samuel (I1207)
 
39 Christopher came to New Zealand with his family in 1860 on the SS 'Rob R o y'. He was . educated at St John's College, Auckland, then joined the I n spector's Office of the Bank of New Zealand in Auckland in 1871. He wa s s ubsequently Accountant for the Bank at Napier and then successively a g ent and relieving officer at Russell, Wairoa, Kaikoura South, Rakaia, F o xton, Waipawa and Gore. He was appointed Manager of the Palmerston Nor t h branch in July 1895 and whilst there he and Ellen were both active m e mbers of All Saints' Church. Christopher was a member of the vestry an d t he choir and secretary of the local St Barnabas Association while El le n was described as being 'greatly to the fore in all benevolent works ' . When they left Christopher was presented by the choir and officers w i th a handsome pair of carvers as a token of esteem and affection . His f i nal posting was as Manager of the Bank at Napier, from which he retire d i n 1907.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Christopher came to New Zealand with his family in 1860 on the SS 'Rob R o y'. He was . educated at St John's College, Auckland, then joinedthe I n spector's Office of the Bank of New Zealand in Auckland in 1871. He wa s s ubsequently Accountant for the Bank at Napier and then successively a g ent and relieving officer at Russell, Wairoa, Kaikoura South, Rakaia, F o xton, Waipawa and Gore. He was appointed Manager of the Palmerston Nor t h branch in July 1895 and whilst there he and Ellen wereboth active me m bers of All Saints' Church. Christopher was a member of the vestry and t h e choir and secretary of the local St Barnabas Association while Ellen w a s described as being 'greatly to the fore in all benevolent works'. Wh e n they left Christopher was presented by the choir and officers with a h a ndsome pair of carvers as a token of esteem and affection . His final p o sting was as Manager of the Bank at Napier, from which he retired in 1 9 07.
TEXT: _WEBTAG
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URL http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=websearch-4181&h=407 9821&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
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MACLEAN, Christopher Haydon (I49)
 
40 Compiled from publicly available sources. Source (S115)
 
41 DEAT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
MARSH, Mary (I124)
 
42 Educated at Whanganui Collegiate School. Farmed Harekeke, 500 Coastal pr o perty near Whanganui BLYTH, Harrison David (I7)
 
43 Emigrated to America in 1847.
Obituary: " Died. On the last day of March, 1873, in the town of Winne conne, Mrs. Maria Lean. Her life reached beyond the allotted three scor e years and ten. She was born in the year 1800 in County Cornwall, Eng. , Parish of Blisland. In the year 1847 she came to this country with h er husband who survives her at a ripe old age. On coming to the United S tates they settled in Jefferson Co. Wis., where they lived until about e ight years ago when they removed to Ball Prairie. There her life was pa ssed in peace and quietness, surrounded by sons and daughters to admini ster to her. A numerous family of two sons and seven daughters still l ive to cherish the memory of their mother. Baptized in infancy, and con firmed at a suitable age as a member of the Church of England, her exem plary life testified to the last, her trust in that form of saving fait h." 
LEAN, Maria (I950)
 
44 From the Griffith Evalutions of Ireland it would appear that James Aust in and James Shanks lived in the samlearea, right next door to each oth er SHANKS, James (I307)
 
45 From: Christine Clement
Subject: Moore HUNTER
Date: Tue, 26 Jul 2005 20:55:07 +1200

Moore HUNTER was born in Scotland and died Hawera 3 February 1897 aged
62years i.e.born c. 1835.
His father was Alexander and mother Margaret? He married Mary Murray.
Don't know about connection to this Robert Gibson Hunter?

Christine Clement
Te Puke (Kiwifruit Capital of the World)
New Zealand
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~sooty
cmclement@clear.net.nz
List Manager for Ballinger-UK, Boulcott, Shand, and Audas on Rootsweb.c om

Death of Mr. Moore Hunter.
Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3462, 3 February 1897, Page 2
Death of Mr. Moore Hunter.

We regret having to record the death of Mr Moore Hunter, which occurred a t his residence this morning about halfpast six. It is pretty generally k nown Mr Hunter had been in more or less feeble health for some time pas t, an attack of pleurisy having resulted in a complication of diseases f rom which latterly it was hardly hoped he would rally. Indeed, during t he past few days his hold on life was most precarious, though friends w ho knew little of his real condition, but relied on the wonderful recup eratve power he had from time to time shown, hoped that he might be aga in seen about. However, the end came, as stated this morning. Mr Hunter w as a colonist of very old standing. He was born in the village of Braid wood, Lanarkshire, but at an early age the sturdy independence which he s howed in later years began to develope, and he emigrated to Canada, and a fter a visit to Scotland again went out, but in time the more genial cl imate of New Zealand attracted him. The oldest settlers on the coast re member him at Kai Iwi, where in the days of native troubles he had to b ear his part with his fellow settlers, and we believe, though we are no t quite certain, that he was a member of the Kai Iwi troop, wich which t he Hon. John Bryce was assooiatad. Later on Mr Hunter had a farm at Wai totara now occupied by Mr William Parsons, which he sold and came on to H awera. This must have been early in the seventies, and just at that tim e Hawera was being re-settled after Titokowaru's war. The land about he re had been divided up into small sections and military settlers were e ncouraged to settle, privates getting 50 acre scrip and officers larger . But a large slice of land running to the southward and westward of th e present town site had been marked off as a railway reserve, and this t he Government determined to sell. Mr Hunter, among others, was a purcha ser at the sale, acquiring sections which formed the nucleus of the pre sent fine estate of Burnside, whereon he made his home, reared his fami ly, and has now died. It was like the other unoccupied land, fern and t utu, and in a rough state, and its present condition, in which it is pe rhaps one of the best cultivated, clean, and most productive farms on t he coast is a tribute to the energy and hard work and persevarance of t his pioneer settler. During his long residence in the district Mr Hunte r built up a reputation as a careful, good farmer, liberal in his ideas o f how to treat land and breed stock the success of which policy has bee n often shown in the show rings of the Egmont, Whanganui, Palmerston Nor th, and other agricultural and pastoral societies. For many years fello w settlers were glad to get the benefit of his business shrewdness and e xperience on local bodies, and he was successively a member of the Pate a County Council, Hawera Road Board, and Hawera County Council ; while a s to the A. and P. Society he wss not only in evidence at show time, bu t a valued officer from the inception of this institution. All movement s which he considered for the solid advantage and prosperity of the dis trict be was a supporter of, and was ready to help both with purse and w ork. Of the Presbyterian Church he was a consistent member and a great h elper ; none knew his worth and his liberality better, perhaps, than th ose associated with him in that Communion ; and all bodies which sought t o promote the social and moral well-being of the people were ever sure o f help from him. Privately, there was no man whom one would be less dis posed to approach had he a weak case ; or more ready, if he had a case r eally deserving of help. Mr Hunter had the power and courage of discrim ination; qualities much rarer than they should be for the well being of t he community. As to colonial politics, he never sought any public offic e, but his interest was keen and his feelings strong. Mr Hunter leaves a w idow and family of eight (and several brothers and other relatives) to m ourn him, and the district, which in a wide sense is a loser by his dea th, will sympathise with them in their loss.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3462, 3 February 1897, Page 2

The Late Mr Moore Hunter.

MEMORIAL SERVICE. A funeral service in connection with the death of the l ate Mr Moore Hunter was conducted on Sunday morning at the Presbyterian C hurch by the Rev. T. McDonald. The pulpit wis draped in black, and hymn s appropriate to the occasion were sung. Mr McDonald chose for his text t he words " And I heard a voice from Heaven saying unto me, Write, Bless ed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith the S pirit, that they may rest from their labours ; and their works do follo w them."- Revelation XIV- IB. The address throughout was solemn and imp ressive, and listened to with great interest by the large congregation p resent. Referring particularly to the loss the church had sustained by t he demise of their late friend and brother he said they knew he had bee n long interested in this charge - in fact since its beginning he had b een foremost in every good word and work; they had almost come to think t hat his wise counsel and generous help were indispensible to the carryi ng on of the work. In every department of it his loss would be most kee nly felt. Until a few months ago he had conducted a class in the Sabbat h School and he always manifested the deepest interest in all that pert ained to the moral and spiritual well-being of the young. When any effo rt was made on be half of their church, on behalf of Foreign Missions o r indeed on behalf of any needy object he was always to the front. Ther e were many beautiful traits in his life. There was a spontaneity about h is Christian services that they should long remember and long value. He a lso carried out, as the speaker had seen few do, the words of the Lord J esus Christ, " Let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth." O stentation and parade were unknown to him. After speaking of deceased's r eligious life, Mr McDonald said the loss created by his death to his wi fe and family was an irreparable one, and the loss to their church was g reat ; the loss also to many whom he befriended in times of difficulty w as great. Mr McDonald added that personally he had lost a wise counsell or and a true friend - one whose words were valuable to him when cast d own by reason of the hardness of the world. But while they recognised h is loss as irreparable they had another and a brighter side to the pict ure, for to him to die was a glorious gain and a deliverance from tbe g roanings of earth to the songs of Heaven ; from great bodily weakness t o the strength that characterises those who have entered the Celestial C ity. What a change; what a blessed change! They should miss him sadly, a nd he appealed to members of the congregation to fill the breach in chu rch work his death had occasioned. Of him he thought it might truly be s aid, "He hath done what he could." Mr McDonald concluded by imploring G od's comfort and hope to the bereaved widow and family.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3466, 8 February 1897, Page 2

COUNTY CHAIRMEN.

HAWERA.

The annual meeting of the Hawera County Council was held yesterday, for t he election of a Chairman for the year. There were present -Messrs Moor e Hunter (chairman), A. C. Milne, Finlayeon, and Partridge. Mr. Milne p roposed that Mr. Hunter be re-elected Chairman, and remarked that Mr. H unter lived near town, which was a great convenience, but apart from th at he had conducted the affairs of the County admirably, and a better m an could not be obtained. Mr. Hunter desired to be.relieved of office, a nd suggested the election of Councillor Yorke. Mr. Partridge also eulog ised Mr. Hunter, and, after persuasion, Mr. Hunter was induced to accep t office again, and was then duly elected. It was resolved to hold a sp ecial meeting on Thursday, 6th December, in place of the ordinary meeti ng on the Ist inst.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume IV, Issue 662, 29 November 1883, Page 2
DEAT: _PROOF proven 
HUNTER, Moore (I207)
 
46 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/pioneer.htm

(Research):HUNTER, MARY nee MURRAY was born in 1851 in Glasgow, Scotlan d and came t o New Zealand in 1862. She was the daughter of James Murr ay, a tea mer chant, and Jane nee Blair. Mary married Moore Hunter at W anganui in 18 74. Moore had a large property on the west side of Hawer a, and the fam ily lived at Burnside (now the A and P showgrounds). Th e Hunter family h ad considerable involvement in the early development o f the Hawera comm unity. Mary Hunter died on the 17 August 1943 aged 9 2 years and is bur ied in the Hawera cemetery 
MURRAY, Mary (I206)
 
47 http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dunn-2040
TEXT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlists/josephfletcher.htm l 
DUNN, Alice Stewart (I18)
 
48 In 1161, the MacLean tribe transplanted from the province of Moray in S cotland. The head of the clan was Gillean of the Battle of Ax. Gillia n lived during the reign of Alexander IIIL. Gillean had a son named Gi lliemore; who in turn had a son named John. John had two sons; Lachlan L ubanach MacLean, the proprietor of Duart and Hector Regenach MacLean th e proprietor of Lochberg. Initially the MacLean brothers were follower s of the Lord of Lorn, but after a disagreement they switched loyalties a nd followed the Lord of Isles. Due to distinction in the service for t his Lord, they were given large tracts of land on the Island of Mull. I n 1366 Lachlan married the Lord's daughter, while Hector was Lieutenant G eneral of the army of the Lord of Isles. By 1493 the MacLeans' owned M ull and Teres Islands and parts of Jura, Islay and Scarvia.

By this time the MacLeans were divided into four clans. The strongest o f the four were the descendents of Lachlan. Caroline M. C. Lean was a d escendent of the Lachlan branch. This branch was known as the MacLeans o f Duart. By 1579 the branches of the clan were feuding. The Lachlan M acLean at that time captured the castle of Hector MacLean of Coll. Fro m 1579-81 Lachlan was in constant warfare. In a feud he killed MacDona ld of Dungoey. He had Hector MacLean beheaded. He also imprisoned Don ald MacLean and had nine other men and two women murdered. As a byprod uct of this butchery he was knighted. In 1594 he fought gallantly in t he battle of Glenlivet. Finally in 1598 he fought in a dreadful clan w ar and was slain.

By 1600 the branches of the MacLean's at Duart were scattered. Charles M acLean moved to Drimin Scotland. His son William moved to Milltown Mil ls and dropped the Mac form the name. 
LEANE, Thomas (I759)
 
49 In about 1810, James Austin was born in Ballygrott, Bangor, County Down , Ireland. Family history goes that James Austin´s father met one of th e Greville sisters when he was a tutor for the Greville family in Warkw ick Castle, England. She fell in love with him and they eloped and came b ack to Ireland to live. This is not verified though as there is no ment ion of a Susan Greville being born at the castle. It may be that record s were erased.

BANGOR, a parish and sea-port and market-town and post-town, chiefly in t he barony of ARDES, county of DOWN, and province of ULSTER, but partly i n the barony of LOWER-CASTLEREAGH, ll.5 miles (N. E. By E.) from Belfas t, 21 miles (N.) from Downpatrick, and 9l.5 miles (N. By E.) from Dubli n; containing 9355 inhabitants, of which number, 2741 are in the town.
The origin and early history of this ancient town are involved in some o bscurity, and have been variously described by different writers. The m ost authentic records concur in stating that, about the year 555, St. C omgall founded here an abbey of Regular Canons, which may have led to t he formation of a town, if one did not exist previously, and over which h e presided fifty years, and died and was enshrined in it. In 1125 the A bbey was rebuilt by Malachy O Morgair, then abbot, with the addition of a n oratory of stone, said by St. Bernard to have been the first building o f stone and lime in Ireland and from which this place, anciently called t he Vale of Angels, derived the name of Beanchoir, now Bangor, signifyin g the White Church, or Fair Choir.
The town is advantageously situated on the south side of Belfast Lough o r Carrickfergus bay, and on the direct sea coast road from Belfast to D onaghadee; in 1831 it contained 563 houses, most of which are indiffere ntly built, and is much frequented for sea-bathing during the summer. T he streets are neither paved nor lighted, but are kept very clean and t he inhabitants are but indifferently supplied with water. There is a pu blic library; and an Historical Society has been recently formed in con nection with it. The cotton manufacture is carried on to a considerable e xtent in the town and neighbourhood, and affords employment to a great n umber of the inhabitants of both sexes in the weaving, sewing, and orna mental branches.
The trade of the port is inconsiderable: black cattle, horses, grain, a nd flax are exported: the only imports are coal and timber. The bay is w ell sheltered, and affords good anchorage in deep water for vessels det ained by an unfavourable wind and the harbour is capable of great impro vement, although attempts made at the expense of individuals have faile d. A small pier was built about the year 1760, by means of a parliament ary grant of 500 pounds to the corporation for promoting and carrying o n the inland navigation of Ireland. The neighbouring bays produce a var iety of fish; oysters of large size are taken in abundance. The surroun ding scenery is pleasingly diversified, and enriched in some parts with s tately timber, chiefly fir and oak; and in the vicinity of the several g entlemen s seats are thriving plantations of beech, sycamore, ash and p oplar, of comparatively modern growth.
Slate is found in several parts, but has been only procured in one quar ry, which has not been worked sufficiently deep to produce a quality ca pable of resisting the action of the atmosphere. There are also mines o f coal, especially on the estate of Lord Dufferin, whose father opened a nd worked them on a small scale, since which time they have been abando ned; and a lead mine was worked here to some extent about thirty years s ince, in which copper ore and manganese were also found.
Extracts from The Samuel Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland 1837 ( transcribed by Mel Lockie) 
AUSTIN, James (I259)
 
50 In about 1810, James Austin was born in Ballygrott, Bangor, County Down , Ireland. Family history goes that James Austin´s father met one of th e Greville sisters when he was a tutor for the Greville family in Warkw ick Castle, England. She fell in love with him and they eloped and came b ack to Ireland to live. This is not verified though as there is no ment ion of a Susan Greville being born at the castle. It may be that record s were erased. GREVILLE, Susan (I1126)
 

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