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1 1623? KINGDON, John (2) (I1096)
 
2 Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. Source (S116)
 
3 According to Census Records George Manson was A School Teacher eventual y rising to the postion of Headmaster in Edinburgh MANSON, George (I530)
 
4 According to Death Cert search 77 years old at death CURRIE, William Purdie (I185)
 
5 According to family information Henry Williams was born on 11 February 1 7 92; he was baptised on 13 April at Gosport, Hampshire, England. He was t h e fifth child and third son of Thomas Williams, a lace manufacturer, a n d his wife, Mary Marsh. His parents were relatively well off until the d e ath of his father in 1804. Two years later, at the age of 14, Henry en t ered the Royal Navy as a midshipman, with aspirations to be an officer . T he nearly 10 years that he spent in the navy were far from easy; con di tions on naval vessels were extremely harsh during the Napoleonic war s . Having seen active service in many parts of the world he was dischar g ed from the navy in August 1815 as a lieutenant on half pay. The last c a ptain under whom he served noted that he had behaved with diligence an d s obriety.
With the end of the Napoleonic wars unemployment, particularly among ha l fpay lieutenants, was very high; Henry had to find a new vocation. He w o rked for a while as a drawing master, but at the same time began to pr e pare himself for the mission field. His parents were Dissenters, and l i ke many missionaries who came from homes influenced by evangelical Chr i stianity, he experienced a gradual conversion rather than a sudden ill u mination. From about 1816 he came under the tutelage of his evangelica l b rother-in-law, Edward Marsh, a member of the Church Missionary Socie ty a nd later vicar of Aylesford. But his firm decision to become a miss ion ary was probably made after his marriage to Marianne Coldham at Nune ha m Courtenay, Oxfordshire, on 20 January 1818.
In 1819 Henry Williams offered his services to the CMS. He was accepted f i rst as a lay settler, and then in 1820 as a missionary candidate. Alth o ugh Marsh thought that he had no 'great proficiency in the Greek and L a tin language', he was ordained a priest 'for the cure of souls in his m a jesty's foreign possessions' in 1822. Before leaving for New Zealand h e a lso took instruction in the practical areas of medicine, weaving, tw in ing, basket making, and, during the voyage out, shipbuilding. With Ma r ianne and three children he arrived at the Bay of Islands on the Bramp t on on 3 August 1823.
Henry Williams was severely tested during the early months in the Bay o f I slands, as he assumed the leadership of a mission beset by problems. T h e CMS mission to New Zealand was nearly 10 years old when he arrived, b u t not a single Maori had been converted. The missionaries were still l a rgely dependent on the Maori for food and supplies; and under the lead e rship of Thomas Kendall and John Butler the mission had been torn apar t b y bitter personal disputes.
Having settled himself and his family at Paihia, Henry first attended t o t he secular side of the mission. He wanted to reduce the missionaries ' i nvolvement with the trading captains of Kororareka (Russell), to end t h eir dependence on the Maori for supplies, and most of all he wanted to s t op the musket trade in which the missionaries had been forced to engag e . He quickly imposed regulations on the missionaries' trading, but it w a s the completion in 1826, under Henry's direction, of the 50 ton schoo n er Herald that really made the mission independent of local influences .
Meantime Henry had also put his mind to the spiritual aspect of mission a ry work. He soon concluded that the mission had placed too much emphas i s on 'civilising' the Maori. In this he differed from Samuel Marsden, f o under of the mission, who had emphasised teaching useful arts and agri c ulture as a prelude to conversion. Henry argued that the emphasis on s e cular instruction distracted the missionaries from the far more import a nt task of bringing the Maori to Christianity. He began to reorganise t h e mission so that more time could be devoted to spiritual teaching.
To better carry out this essential task, Henry argued that mission memb e rs needed to spend more time learning the Maori language, preaching to t h e tribes in the surrounding area, and teaching in the schools on the m i ssion stations; to do all these things most of the personnel would hav e t o be concentrated in one place. Paihia became the headquarters and t he re the missionaries began by devoting regular amounts of time to lear n ing Maori together. The arrival of Henry's brother William, in 1826, g a ve a great impetus to this programme: all members benefited from Willi a m's talent for languages. Having more missionaries at one station mean t t hat they were able to visit the surrounding villages more frequently a n d, as they became proficient in Maori, their preaching was more effect i ve. Schooling for Maori children was revitalised under Henry and his w i fe, Marianne, and more students attended classes regularly. Working ef f ectively together fostered harmonious relations among the missionaries t h emselves; Henry claimed that the Maori noticed their greater unity and p u rpose.
Henry Williams's forceful personality and discipline were perhaps as im p ortant as his policies in reorganising the mission, and these characte r istics also contributed to his growing mana among the Maori. Although h i s capacity to comprehend the indigenous culture was severely constrain e d by his evangelical Christianity, his obduracy was in some ways an ad v antage in dealings with the Maori. From the time of his arrival he ref u sed to be intimidated by the threats and boisterous actions of utu and m u ru plundering parties. By the late 1820s he felt confident enough to i n tervene in intertribal disputes and on several occasions was able to n e gotiate peace between hostile groups. Such peacemaking was both a caus e a nd a consequence of his growing prestige among the Maori. Only a per so n who was held in regard would be invited to settle a conflict, and i t r equired even greater mana to be successful. As his personal repute g re w, so did the influence of the mission.
The 1830s were a decade of achievement and progress for Henry Williams a n d the CMS mission. Success could be measured in two ways: increasing n u mbers of Maori were baptised, and the Bay of Islands mission was secur e e nough to provide a base for expansion throughout the North Island. T he re had been occasional baptisms in earlier years, but, beginning in 1 8 29--30, several Maori adults and children were baptised at Paihia. By 1 8 42 over 3,000 Maori in the Bay of Islands area had been baptised. No d o ubt Maori motives for 'going missionary' were often mixed and there wa s c onsiderable backsliding in later years, but, as Maori conversions in cr eased, the missionaries were successful, at least in their own terms. T h eir growing confidence in the north enabled them to extend their opera t ions to the south. Here, too, Henry Williams played a leading role. He m a de several trips to other parts of the North Island to explore the pos s ibilities for expansion, and directed the establishment of new mission s . He sent missionaries to begin work at several places in the Waikato d u ring the 1830s, his brother William moved to Turanga, in Poverty Bay, a t t he end of the decade, and stations were founded as far south as Otak i. B y 1840 Henry could look with considerable satisfaction on the achie vem ents of the CMS mission since his arrival in 1823.
But 1840 was also a year of major changes, both for New Zealand and, al t hough he did not appreciate it immediately, for Henry Williams. With t h e country's annexation by Britain and a growing population of settlers , H enry became embroiled in racial conflict and caught up by forces tha t w ere beyond his control. Rather than simply ministering to one race, h e w as drawn into the increasingly uncomfortable role of mediating betwe en t wo races.
The ambiguity of his position was apparent at the signing of the Treaty o f W aitangi in 1840. Henry translated the English draft of the treaty in to M aori, and, at the meetings with the Crown's representative, William H o bson, at Waitangi, he explained its provisions to Maori leaders. Later h e t ravelled to the west coast of the North Island, between Wellington a nd W anganui, and to the Marlborough Sounds to persuade other Maori to s ign t he treaty. However, his Maori version of the treaty was not a lite ral t ranslation from the English draft and did not convey clearly the c essi on of sovereignty. Moreover, in his discussions with Maori leaders H en ry placed the treaty in the best possible light and this, and his man a , were major factors in the treaty's acceptance. Undoubtedly, therefor e , he must bear some of the responsibility for the failure of the Treat y o f Waitangi to provide the basis for peaceful settlement and a lastin g u nderstanding between Maori and European.
As Maori-European relations deteriorated in the north in the early 1840 s , Henry Williams tried to maintain peace between the races, as he had d o ne earlier between tribes. In spite of his efforts the conflict over l a nd and sovereignty soon moved beyond the possibility of compromise. Ha v ing failed to prevent hostilities he assisted the wounded and helped e v acuate the beleaguered settlers when Hone Heke launched a final attack o n K ororareka in 1845. His close association with the Bay of Islands Mao ri p roduced accusations of disloyalty from Europeans, while the station ing o f British troops at the Waimate mission created suspicion in the m inds o f some Maori. Other Maori accused him of misleading them in his e xplan ations of the treaty. Throughout the conflict, as in later life, H enry a sserted that his missionary vocation was paramount and that his p rimar y concern was for the Maori, but it was difficult to be single-min ded w hen he was assailed from all sides.
The arrival of George Grey to begin his first governorship in late 1845 s o on led to Henry Williams's involvement in disputes of another kind. Du r ing the 1830s, mostly to provide some security for his growing family, H e nry had purchased extensive tracts of land in the Tai-a-mai area, west o f P aihia. In dispatches to the Colonial Office that later became public , G rey questioned the validity of Henry's title to the land and falsely c l aimed that the landholdings of the CMS missionaries were a cause of th e w ar in the north. Henry was obliged to defend his land purchases and, m u ch more important as far as he was concerned, his personal integrity a g ainst the governor's charges. But he was fighting a losing battle agai n st a more powerful adversary. Henry's superior, Bishop G. A. Selwyn, s i ded with Grey, and in 1849 the CMS in London, persuaded by Henry Willi a ms's critics, decided that Henry was too much of an embarrassment to r e main a member of the organisation.
His dismissal from the CMS that he had served for so long was a bitter b l ow to Henry. Within a week of receiving the news in May 1850 he left P a ihia and moved to Pakaraka, where his children were farming the land t h at was the source of so much trouble. He was still a priest in the Chu r ch of England and Selwyn had made him archdeacon of Waimate in 1844; h e c ontinued to minister and preach to the Maori in his locality and gat he red a considerable congregation around him. The injustice against him w a s only partly assuaged when he was reinstated to the CMS in 1854.
Henry Williams's abiding concern for the Maori was apparent in his dist r ess at the outbreak of warfare with the Pakeha again in 1860. In priva t e correspondence he was critical of the government officials and their p o licies, but he remained largely aloof from the public debate about the w a r. In 1862 he wrote to his brother-in-law, Edward Marsh: 'I feel our w o rk is drawing to a close; and were it not for the Maories, I should ha v e relinquished all long since. But I feel bound to them'. After severa l y ears of deteriorating health, Henry Williams died on 16 July 1867. H is p assing was perhaps most keenly felt by the northern Maori among who m h e had lived for most of his life.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

According to family information Henry Williams was born on 11 February 1 7 92; he was baptised on 13 April at Gosport, Hampshire, England. He was t h e fifth child and third son of Thomas Williams, a lace manufacturer, a n d his wife, Mary Marsh. His parents were relatively well offuntil the d e ath of his father in 1804. Two years later, at the age of14, Henry ent e red the Royal Navy as a midshipman, with aspirations tobe an officer. T h e nearly 10 years that he spent in the navy were farfrom easy; conditi o ns on naval vessels were extremely harsh during the Napoleonic wars. H a ving seen active service in many parts of the world he was discharged f r om the navy in August 1815 as a lieutenant on half pay. The last capta i n under whom he served noted that he had behaved with diligence and so b riety.
With the end of the Napoleonic wars unemployment, particularly among ha l fpay lieutenants, was very high; Henry had to find a new vocation. He w o rked for a while as a drawing master, but at the same time began to pr e pare himself for the mission field. His parents were Dissenters,and li k e many missionaries who came from homes influenced by evangelical Chri s tianity, he experienced a gradual conversion rather than a sudden illu m ination. From about 1816 he came under the tutelage of his evangelical b r other-in-law, Edward Marsh, a member of the Church Missionary Society a n d later vicar of Aylesford. But his firm decision to become a missiona r y was probably made after his marriage to Marianne Coldham at Nuneham C o urtenay, Oxfordshire, on 20 January 1818.
In 1819 Henry Williams offered his services to the CMS. He was accepted f i rst as a lay settler, and then in 1820 as a missionary candidate.Altho u gh Marsh thought that he had no 'great proficiency in the Greekand Lat i n language', he was ordained a priest 'for the cure of souls in his ma j esty's foreign possessions' in 1822. Before leaving for New Zealand he a l so took instruction in the practical areas of medicine, weaving, twini n g, basket making, and, during the voyage out, shipbuilding. With Maria n ne and three children he arrived at the Bay of Islands on the Brampton o n 3 A ugust 1823.
Henry Williams was severely tested during the early months in the Bayof I s lands, as he assumed the leadership of a mission beset by problems. Th e C MS mission to New Zealand was nearly 10 years old when he arrived, b ut n ot a single Maori had been converted. The missionaries werestill la rge ly dependent on the Maori for food and supplies; and underthe leader sh ip of Thomas Kendall and John Butler the mission had beentorn apart b y b itter personal disputes.
Having settled himself and his family at Paihia, Henry first attendedto t h e secular side of the mission. He wanted to reduce the missionaries' i n volvement with the trading captains of Kororareka (Russell), toend the i r dependence on the Maori for supplies, and most of all he wanted to s t op the musket trade in which the missionaries had been forced to engag e . He quickly imposed regulations on the missionaries' trading, but it w a s the completion in 1826, under Henry's direction, of the 50 ton schoo n er Herald that really made the mission independent of local influences .
Meantime Henry had also put his mind to the spiritual aspect of mission a ry work. He soon concluded that the mission had placed too much emphas i s on 'civilising' the Maori. In this he differed from Samuel Marsden, f o under of the mission, who had emphasised teaching useful arts and agri c ulture as a prelude to conversion. Henry argued that the emphasis on s e cular instruction distracted the missionaries from the far more import a nt task of bringing the Maori to Christianity. He began to reorganise t h e mission so that more time could be devoted to spiritual teaching.
To better carry out this essential task, Henry argued that mission memb e rs needed to spend more time learning the Maori language, preachingto t h e tribes in the surrounding area, and teaching in the schools onthe mi s sion stations; to do all these things most of the personnel would have t o b e concentrated in one place. Paihia became the headquarters and ther e t he missionaries began by devoting regular amounts of time to learnin g M aori together. The arrival of Henry's brother William,in 1826, gave a g r eat impetus to this programme: all members benefited from William's ta l ent for languages. Having more missionaries at one station meant that t h ey were able to visit the surrounding villagesmore frequently and, as t h ey became proficient in Maori, their preaching was more effective. Sch o oling for Maori children was revitalised under Henry and his wife, Mar i anne, and more students attended classes regularly. Working effectivel y t ogether fostered harmonious relations among the missionaries themsel ve s; Henry claimed that the Maori noticed their greater unity and purpo s e.
Henry Williams's forceful personality and discipline were perhaps as im p ortant as his policies in reorganising the mission, and these characte r istics also contributed to his growing mana among the Maori. Although h i s capacity to comprehend the indigenous culture was severely constrain e d by his evangelical Christianity, his obduracy was in some ways an ad v antage in dealings with the Maori. From the time of his arrival he ref u sed to be intimidated by the threats and boisterous actions of utu and m u ru plundering parties. By the late 1820s he felt confident enough to i n tervene in intertribal disputes and on several occasions was able to n e gotiate peace between hostile groups. Such peacemaking was both a caus e a nd a consequence of his growing prestige among the Maori. Only a per so n who was held in regard would be invited to settle a conflict, and i t r equired even greater mana to be successful. Ashis personal repute gr ew , so did the influence of the mission.
The 1830s were a decade of achievement and progress for Henry Williams a n d the CMS mission. Success could be measured in two ways: increasing n u mbers of Maori were baptised, and the Bay of Islands mission wassecure e n ough to provide a base for expansion throughout the North Island. Ther e h ad been occasional baptisms in earlier years, but, beginning in 1829 -- 30, several Maori adults and children were baptised at Paihia. By 184 2 o ver 3,000 Maori in the Bay of Islands area had been baptised. No dou bt M aori motives for 'going missionary' were often mixed and there was c on siderable backsliding in later years, but, as Maori conversions incre a sed, the missionaries were successful, at least in their own terms. Th e ir growing confidence in the north enabled them to extend their operat i ons to the south. Here, too, Henry Williams playeda leading role. He m a de several trips to other parts of the North Island to explore the pos s ibilities for expansion, and directed the establishment of new mission s . He sent missionaries to begin work at several places in the Waikato d u ring the 1830s, his brother William moved to Turanga, in Poverty Bay, a t t he end of the decade, and stations were founded as far south as Otak i. B y 1840 Henry could look with considerable satisfaction on the achie vem ents of the CMS mission since his arrival in 1823.
But 1840 was also a year of major changes, both for New Zealand and, al t hough he did not appreciate it immediately, for Henry Williams. With t h e country's annexation by Britain and a growing population of settlers , H enry became embroiled in racial conflict and caught up by forces tha t w ere beyond his control. Rather than simply ministering to onerace, h e w as drawn into the increasingly uncomfortable role of mediating betwe en t wo races.
The ambiguity of his position was apparent at the signing of the Treaty o f W aitangi in 1840. Henry translated the English draft of the treaty in to M aori, and, at the meetings with the Crown's representative, William H o bson, at Waitangi, he explained its provisions to Maori leaders. Later h e t ravelled to the west coast of the North Island, between Wellington a nd W anganui, and to the Marlborough Sounds to persuade other Maori to s ign t he treaty. However, his Maori version of the treaty was not a lite ral t ranslation from the English draft and did not convey clearly the c essi on of sovereignty. Moreover, in his discussions with Maori leaders H en ry placed the treaty in the best possible light and this, and his man a , were major factors in the treaty's acceptance. Undoubtedly, therefor e , he must bear some of the responsibility for the failure of the Treat y o f Waitangi to provide the basis for peacefulsettlement and a lasting u n derstanding between Maori and European.
As Maori-European relations deteriorated in the north in the early 1840 s , Henry Williams tried to maintain peace between the races, as he had d o ne earlier between tribes. In spite of his efforts the conflict over l a nd and sovereignty soon moved beyond the possibility of compromise. Ha v ing failed to prevent hostilities he assisted the wounded and helped e v acuate the beleaguered settlers when Hone Heke launched a final attack o n K ororareka in 1845. His close association with the Bay ofIslands Maor i p roduced accusations of disloyalty from Europeans, while the stationi ng o f British troops at the Waimate mission created suspicion in the mi nds o f some Maori. Other Maori accused him of misleading them in his ex plan ations of the treaty. Throughout the conflict, asin later life, Hen ry a sserted that his missionary vocation was paramount and that his pri mar y concern was for the Maori, but it was difficult to be single-minde d w hen he was assailed from all sides.
The arrival of George Grey to begin his first governorship in late 1845 s o on led to Henry Williams's involvement in disputes of another kind. Du r ing the 1830s, mostly to provide some security for his growing family, H e nry had purchased extensive tracts of land in the Tai-a-mai area, west o f P aihia. In dispatches to the Colonial Office that later became public , G rey questioned the validity of Henry's title to the land and falsely c l aimed that the landholdings of the CMS missionaries were a cause of th e w ar in the north. Henry was obliged to defend his land purchases and, m u ch more important as far as he was concerned, hispersonal integrity ag a inst the governor's charges. But he was fighting a losing battle again s t a more powerful adversary. Henry's superior, Bishop G. A. Selwyn, si d ed with Grey, and in 1849 the CMS in London, persuaded by Henry Willia m s's critics, decided that Henry was too much of an embarrassment to re m ain a member of the organisation.
His dismissal from the CMS that he had served for so long was a bitter b l ow to Henry. Within a week of receiving the news in May 1850 he left P a ihia and moved to Pakaraka, where his children were farming the land t h at was the source of so much trouble. He was still a priest in the Chu r ch of England and Selwyn had made him archdeacon of Waimate in1844; he c o ntinued to minister and preach to the Maori in his locality and gather e d a considerable congregation around him. The injustice against him wa s o nly partly assuaged when he was reinstated to the CMSin 1854.
Henry Williams's abiding concern for the Maori was apparent in his dist r ess at the outbreak of warfare with the Pakeha again in 1860. In priva t e correspondence he was critical of the government officials and their p o licies, but he remained largely aloof from the public debate about the w a r. In 1862 he wrote to his brother-in-law, Edward Marsh: 'I feel our w o rk is drawing to a close; and were it not for the Maories,I should hav e r elinquished all long since. But I feel bound to them'.After several y e ars of deteriorating health, Henry Williams died on 16 July 1867. His p a ssing was perhaps most keenly felt by the northernMaori among whom he h a d lived for most of his life. 
WILLIAMS, Henry (I122)
 
6 According to family information William Williams was born at Plumtre Ho u se, Nottingham, England, on 18 July 1800, the ninth and youngest child o f M ary Marsh and her husband, Thomas Williams. He was baptised on 30 Oc to ber 1800. Thomas Williams was of Welsh descent, a hosier by trade and a m a n of substance in Nottingham. He was a Dissenter, but never accepted t h e Unitarian doctrine so strongly propounded in Nottingham's chapels du r ing the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He died of typhoid w h en William was three. After an unsuccessful attempt to carry on the ho s iery business Mary Williams moved with her younger children to Southwe l l, Nottinghamshire, where she began a school for young ladies.
In 1813 the marriage of William's sister, Lydia, to their cousin Edward G a rrard Marsh brought the family under the influence of this evangelical c l ergyman. Marsh interested Henry, one of William's older brothers, in t h e work of the Church Missionary Society, which in turn affected Willia m . Another consequence was that members of the Williams family turned f r om nonconformity to the Church of England. This dissenting, evangelica l b ackground considerably influenced the two missionary brothers and wa s s hared by their wives, making them opponents of all later high church p r actices within the Anglican church.
William Williams was educated at a small dame school and at Southwell G r ammar School. He completed an apprenticeship to a Southwell surgeon be f ore entering Magdalen Hall (later Hertford College), Oxford, in 1822, a s a p rospective CMS trainee, under the special care of its evangelical p rin cipal, Dr John Macbride. He came down from Oxford in 1824 with a BA i n C lassics, and the same year was ordained deacon, on 26 September, and p r iest, on 19 December. At the beginning of 1825 he was at the CMS Train i ng College, Islington, London.
From the outset of his missionary training there had been a tacit agree m ent with the CMS that he should follow his brother, Henry, to New Zeal a nd. During a fund raising tour of the Midlands news of his imminent de p arture reached William and hurried along marriage plans. At Sheffield, o n 1 1 July 1825, he married Jane Nelson of Newark, Nottinghamshire, and o n 1 2 August they embarked on the Sir George Osborne. After a three mont h s tay at Sydney they landed at Paihia, Bay of Islands, on 25 March 182 6. B etween 1826 and 1846 they had nine children, all born in New Zealan d.
At Paihia William Williams was in charge of the English boys' school an d , until the arrival of Samuel Ford in 1837, was the mission doctor. Hi s e arly fluency in spoken Maori was noted by Henry Williams: 'HeÉappear s n ot to learn it; but it seems to flow naturally from him'. In Septemb er 1 826 he began the first serious, sustained effort to produce the Scr ipt ures in Maori. By the end of 1837 he had completed the whole of the N e w Testament and the greater part of the Book of Common Prayer
In May 1835 the English boys' school was relocated at Waimate North, wh i ch became William's second station. He had already made several missio n ary journeys, some of them most important. In December 1833 and Januar y 1 834 he had gone by schooner to the East Cape and Mahia peninsula, ac co mpanied by William Yate, to return Ngati Porou Maori captured by raid i ng Nga Puhi. (These people were to become the forerunners of the CMS E a st Coast mission.) Between July and November 1834 he had travelled ove r land to the Thames and Waikato regions, accompanied by Alfred Nesbit B r own. In January 1838, with William Colenso, Richard Matthews and James S t ack, he made an overland journey from East Cape to Turanga, Poverty Ba y . He was determined that a CMS missionary be stationed on the East Coa s t, and 'when Richard Taylor, who had travelled with him on another vis i t there from March to May 1839, agreed to take over the Waimate school , h e and Jane left for Turanga on 31 December 1839.
Apart from a visit to England during 1851--52 to vindicate the New Zeal a nd mission and his brother, William Williams remained based at the Tur a nga mission station from 20 January 1840 to 3 April 1865. For many yea r s he was the only ordained CMS missionary in the church's eastern dist r ict, walking north to East Cape, south to Hawke's Bay and inland to Wa i karemoana as part of a regular visiting schedule. He made occasional o v erland journeys to Wellington and to St John's College, Auckland. Selw y n inducted him as archdeacon of the East Cape on 27 November 1842, and o n 3 A pril 1859 consecrated him bishop of Waiapu, a diocese which initia lly h ad a predominantly Maori character. (On his English visit a doctor ate o f canon law from Oxford had been conferred on him.)
In April 1857, having come to realise that the training of a Maori past o rate was his main job, William Williams moved from the first mission s i te at Manutuke (at Kaupapa between 1840 and 1844, and then at Whakato) , t o locate his Maori training schools and his residence at Waerenga-a- hi ka, a few miles inland, where there was more land available for a mis s ion farm. After leaving Turanga in 1865 he stayed for two years at Pai h ia where he began another training school at Horotutu. There he wrote C h ristianity among the New Zealanders , published in London in 1867 and i n tended as an apologia for the CMS mission in New Zealand. At the end o f M ay 1867 he moved to Napier and the following year into his final res id ence, Hukarere, on Napier hill. An agreement between Bishops G. A. Se l wyn and C. J. Abraham had added Hawke's Bay to the Waiapu diocese, and W i lliam was anxious to make Te Aute estate (set aside for educational pu r poses by his nephew and son-in-law, Samuel Williams) the site of his c e ntral diocesan school. In July 1875 he also established the Hukarere s c hool for Maori girls, close by his own home. His daughter, Anna Maria, w a s principal. On 9 February 1878 he died at Hukarere. His land at Napie r w as worth nearly £9,000, and he left other property at Kerikeri, Taur an ga and Gisborne.
William Williams once described his missionary life as 'like the unbrok e n course of a parish schoolmaster. A great deal of work, but most of i t o f the same character'. With his Maori converts he regularly 'read an d c onversed', but apart from his knowledge of the language he showed li tt le interest in Maori culture and disapproved of most Maori social cus t oms. Nevertheless his influence among his mission Maori, to whom he wa s k nown as Parata (Brother), was considerable. He generally found that ' a l ittle quiet expostulation' settled differences between Maori and mis si onary. His colleagues found him kindly, easy to get along with and 'a g e ntleman', but when his principles were crossed, either by Bishop Selwy n o r by the CMS secretaries in London, he was adamant and resolute. His d e cision to quit Waerenga-a-hika in 1865, when it was threatened by a sm a ll band of Hauhau who fraternised with his Turanga Maori, appears to h a ve been influenced not so much by the admonishments of Selwyn and memb e rs of his family, as by William's own determination to withdraw his pr e sence and his mana from those who were prepared to entertain 'false go d s'.
His attitude to colonisation and to the New Zealand wars changed as he g r ew older. In 1840 he collected signatures to the Treaty of Waitangi, a n d later defended its land guarantee against threats by settlers and Br i tish authorities. He was critical of the Waitara purchase, but thought t h at the wisest course was for the government to subjugate 'rebel' Maori ; ' salutary chastisement' would bring them to their senses. Later he re vi sed that opinion: 'All this war down to the present time [1868] has s p rung out of WaitaraÉ. As a community and as a government we have been p u ffed up, first with an idea that we were in the right, & secondly that w e w ere able to put down the natives by our own strengthÉ. We are now br ou ght very low.' Land confiscation, he came to think, was particularly u n just. For years he had regarded Turanga as a missionary enclave; retur n ing there from England in 1853 he disapproved of the attempt made by h i s locum, T. S. Grace, to introduce European trading practices.
As a steady, conscientious teacher William Williams was neither too upl i fted by the apparent missionary success of the 1830s and 1840s, nor to o d ismayed by the massive falling away of the 1850s and 1860s. All thro ug h his missionary life he kept revising the Maori New Testament and Bo o k of Common Prayer. In 1844 he was with the 'Translation Syndicate' at W a imate, but mostly he worked alone, conferring from time to time with R o bert Maunsell. His enduring memorial is A dictionary of the New Zealan d l anguage , first published at Paihia in 1844. The second edition was a l so his work, the third and fourth that of his son, Bishop William Leon a rd Williams, and the fifth, of his grandson, Bishop Herbert William Wi l liams.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

According to family information William Williams was born at Plumtre Ho u se, Nottingham, England, on 18 July 1800, the ninth and youngest child o f M ary Marsh and her husband, Thomas Williams. He was baptised on30 Oct ob er 1800. Thomas Williams was of Welsh descent, a hosier by trade and a m a n of substance in Nottingham. He was a Dissenter, but never accepted t h e Unitarian doctrine so strongly propounded in Nottingham's chapels du r ing the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He died of typhoid w h en William was three. After an unsuccessful attempt to carry on the ho s iery business Mary Williams moved with her younger children to Southwe l l, Nottinghamshire, where she began a school for young ladies.
In 1813 the marriage of William's sister, Lydia, to their cousin Edward G a rrard Marsh brought the family under the influence of this evangelical c l ergyman. Marsh interested Henry, one of William's older brothers, in t h e work of the Church Missionary Society, which in turn affected Willia m . Another consequence was that members of the Williams family turned f r om nonconformity to the Church of England. This dissenting, evangelica l b ackground considerably influenced the two missionary brothers and wa s s hared by their wives, making them opponents of all later high church p r actices within the Anglican church.
William Williams was educated at a small dame school and at SouthwellGr a mmar School. He completed an apprenticeship to a Southwell surgeonbefo r e entering Magdalen Hall (later Hertford College), Oxford, in 1822, as a p r ospective CMS trainee, under the special care of its evangelical princ i pal, Dr John Macbride. He came down from Oxford in 1824 with a BA in C l assics, and the same year was ordained deacon, on 26 September, and pr i est, on 19 December. At the beginning of 1825 he was at the CMS Traini n g College, Islington, London.
From the outset of his missionary training there had been a tacit agree m ent with the CMS that he should follow his brother, Henry, to New Zeal a nd. During a fund raising tour of the Midlands news of his imminent de p arture reached William and hurried along marriage plans. At Sheffield, o n 1 1 July 1825, he married Jane Nelson of Newark, Nottinghamshire, and o n 1 2 August they embarked on the Sir George Osborne. After athree month s t ay at Sydney they landed at Paihia, Bay of Islands, on 25 March 1826. B e tween 1826 and 1846 they had nine children, all born in New Zealand.
At Paihia William Williams was in charge of the English boys' school an d , until the arrival of Samuel Ford in 1837, was the mission doctor.His e a rly fluency in spoken Maori was noted by Henry Williams: 'HeÉappears n o t to learn it; but it seems to flow naturally from him'. In September 1 8 26 he began the first serious, sustained effort to produce the Scriptu r es in Maori. By the end of 1837 he had completed the whole of the New T e stament and the greater part of the Book of Common Prayer
In May 1835 the English boys' school was relocated at Waimate North, wh i ch became William's second station. He had already made several missio n ary journeys, some of them most important. In December 1833 and Januar y 1 834 he had gone by schooner to the East Cape and Mahia peninsula, ac co mpanied by William Yate, to return Ngati Porou Maori captured by raid i ng Nga Puhi. (These people were to become the forerunners of the CMS E a st Coast mission.) Between July and November 1834 he had travelled ove r land to the Thames and Waikato regions, accompanied by Alfred Nesbit B r own. In January 1838, with William Colenso, Richard Matthews and James S t ack, he made an overland journey from East Cape to Turanga, Poverty Ba y . He was determined that a CMS missionary be stationedon the East Coas t , and 'when Richard Taylor, who had travelled with him on another visi t t here from March to May 1839, agreed to take over the Waimate school, h e a nd Jane left for Turanga on 31 December 1839.
Apart from a visit to England during 1851--52 to vindicate the New Zeal a nd mission and his brother, William Williams remained based at the Tur a nga mission station from 20 January 1840 to 3 April 1865. For manyyear s h e was the only ordained CMS missionary in the church's easterndistri ct , walking north to East Cape, south to Hawke's Bay and inlandto Waika r emoana as part of a regular visiting schedule. He made occasional over l and journeys to Wellington and to St John's College, Auckland. Selwyn i n ducted him as archdeacon of the East Cape on 27 November 1842, and on 3 A p ril 1859 consecrated him bishop of Waiapu, a diocese which initially h a d a predominantly Maori character. (On his English visit a doctorate o f c anon law from Oxford had been conferred on him.)
In April 1857, having come to realise that the training of a Maori past o rate was his main job, William Williams moved from the first mission s i te at Manutuke (at Kaupapa between 1840 and 1844, and then at Whakato) , t o locate his Maori training schools and his residence at Waerenga-a- hi ka, a few miles inland, where there was more land available for a mis s ion farm. After leaving Turanga in 1865 he stayed for two years at Pai h ia where he began another training school at Horotutu. Therehe wrote C h ristianity among the New Zealanders , published in London in 1867 and i n tended as an apologia for the CMS mission in New Zealand. At the end o f M ay 1867 he moved to Napier and the following year into his final res id ence, Hukarere, on Napier hill. An agreement betweenBishops G. A. Sel w yn and C. J. Abraham had added Hawke's Bay to the Waiapu diocese, and W i lliam was anxious to make Te Aute estate (set aside for educational pu r poses by his nephew and son-in-law, Samuel Williams) the site of his c e ntral diocesan school. In July 1875 he also established the Hukarere s c hool for Maori girls, close by his own home. His daughter, Anna Maria, w a s principal. On 9 February 1878 he died at Hukarere. His land at Napie r w as worth nearly £9,000, and he left other property at Kerikeri, Taur an ga and Gisborne.
William Williams once described his missionary life as 'like the unbrok e n course of a parish schoolmaster. A great deal of work, but most of i t o f the same character'. With his Maori converts he regularly 'read an d c onversed', but apart from his knowledge of the language he showed li tt le interest in Maori culture and disapproved of most Maori social cus t oms. Nevertheless his influence among his mission Maori, to whom he wa s k nown as Parata (Brother), was considerable. He generally found that ' a l ittle quiet expostulation' settled differences between Maori and mis si onary. His colleagues found him kindly, easy to get alongwith and 'a g e ntleman', but when his principles were crossed, either by Bishop Selwy n o r by the CMS secretaries in London, he was adamant and resolute. His d e cision to quit Waerenga-a-hika in 1865, when it wasthreatened by a sma l l band of Hauhau who fraternised with his TurangaMaori, appears to hav e b een influenced not so much by the admonishments of Selwyn and member s o f his family, as by William's own determination to withdraw his pres en ce and his mana from those who were preparedto entertain 'false gods' .
His attitude to colonisation and to the New Zealand wars changed as he g r ew older. In 1840 he collected signatures to the Treaty of Waitangi, a n d later defended its land guarantee against threats by settlers and Br i tish authorities. He was critical of the Waitara purchase, but thought t h at the wisest course was for the government to subjugate 'rebel' Maori ; ' salutary chastisement' would bring them to their senses. Later he re vi sed that opinion: 'All this war down to the present time [1868] has s p rung out of WaitaraÉ. As a community and as a government we have been p u ffed up, first with an idea that we were in the right,& secondly that w e w ere able to put down the natives by our own strengthÉ. We are now br ou ght very low.' Land confiscation, he came to think, was particularly u n just. For years he had regarded Turanga as a missionary enclave; retur n ing there from England in 1853 he disapproved of the attempt made by h i s locum, T. S. Grace, to introduce European trading practices.
As a steady, conscientious teacher William Williams was neither too upl i fted by the apparent missionary success of the 1830s and 1840s, nortoo d i smayed by the massive falling away of the 1850s and 1860s. All through h i s missionary life he kept revising the Maori New Testament and Book of C o mmon Prayer. In 1844 he was with the 'Translation Syndicate' at Waimat e , but mostly he worked alone, conferring from time to time with Robert M a unsell. His enduring memorial is A dictionary of the New Zealand langu a ge , first published at Paihia in 1844. The second edition was also hi s w ork, the third and fourth that of his son, BishopWilliam Leonard Wil li ams, and the fifth, of his grandson, Bishop Herbert William Williams.
BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
WILLIAMS, William (I27)
 
7 Address: home DUNN, Thomas (I184)
 
8 Address: MetlifeCare Village
Address: MetlifeCare Village 
AUSTIN, Carroll Dorothy (I14)
 
9 Address: Mornington Parish Dunedin Family F2
 
10 Address: Office of the Registrar of Marriages Family F27
 
11 Address: Resisdence of John H Harrison, Majoribanks St Family F67
 
12 AFN: NOTE

OTAGO COLONIST SEPTEMBER 28 1860

Otago Witness S eptember 2
CONC 9 1860

Shipping Intelligence: September 24 - Henriet ta, Cu
CONC mming, from Glasgow, M ay 30 1860

[Otago Witness 4 Augus t 1860
CONC , Page 4]

Passengers - Paying their ow n pass
CONC ages :

Andrew John

[Begg Samuel]

< /p>


CONC

Black Archibald

Bremner John

Camer on Du
CONC ncan, wife, 2 sons & 2 daughters

Dickson William

<
CONC p>

Dugard Robert (Duguid)

Eadie William wife, 1 s on, 2 d
CONC aughters

Erskine James

Falconer Janet< /p> CONC >

Farmer James B.

Ferguson William

< p>Grah
CONC am George

Grant Elspeth

Greig David & w ife
CONC

Greig Janet

Hamilton Mrs. David

<
CONC p>Hewat Robert wife & son & daughter

Litster James

CONC p>

McColl Duncan

McGill William

McLell
CONC an James

McLellan Catherine

McNeil Hec tor, w
CONC ife & daughter

Mill Robert

Mill Willi am and w
CONC ife Catherine

Munro Donald

Oliver Eli zabeth
CONC

Reid Simon

Robertson Jas.

< p>Ross
CONC Donald & wife

Smeaton James

[White John]
CONC

Assisted emigrants:

CONC >

Ballantine (?Ballantyne) Francis & Wife, 4 sons, 5 daughters< /p> CONC >

Cairns Peter & Wife, 1 son

Cameron Ewen & W ife, 7 s
CONC ons, 3 daughters (Allan, Duncan & Ewen)

Cameron Jo hn and w
CONC ife & Margaret (Angus Cameron paid £3 passage m oney to the Provi ncial G
CONC overnment of Otago on Sept. 24 1860 for John's p assage))

< p>Cand
CONC ich Margaret & 1 daughter

[Crichton William]

< /p>


CONC

Clark Ann

Couper (?Cowper) Ann

Cr ichton
CONC William

Dallas Thomas & and wife Elizabeth

<
CONC p>Deans George & Wife, 3 sons, 3 daughters (Alexander Deans pai d £4 4 5
CONC s passage money to the Provincial Government of Otago)

D eans J
CONC ohn & Wife, 1 son, 1 daughter

Duncan Peter


CONC Duncan William

Ferguson James

Gordon Joh
CONC n

Grant James & Wife (Elspet)

Gray W alter w
CONC ife, 3 sons, and daughter.

Greig Janet (paid £14 p assage m
CONC oney to the Provincial Government o f Otago on February 2 1872)

<
CONC p>Gunn Hugh

Hardie James, & Wife, 2 sons, 4 daug hters<
CONC /p>

Henderson John & Wife, 2 sons, 1 daughter (Alexande r Hend
CONC erson pai d £38 passage money to the Provincial Government of Ota go on A
CONC pril 16 1 863)

Hislop Mungo & Wife, 1 son

Hunte
CONC r Archibald & Wife, 1 son

Kinloch Margaret

<
CONC p>Livingston Charles & Wife, 3 sons, 4 daughters

Ma ckay A
CONC ngus

McColl Duncan & Wife, 4 sons, 4 daughters

CONC >

McEwen Jessie

McKenzie John & Wife and 2 sons

CONC p>

McLaren John ?gardener (Dundee)

McLaren J ohn & W
CONC ife, 2 sons

McLeod Alexander & Wife, 1 son, 2 daug hters<
CONC /p>

McPherson Angus & Wife

Marshall James & W if
CONC e, 2 sons

Mathieson Alexander

Morrison Malc
CONC olm & Wife, 5 sons

Murdoch Peter

Oliv er J
CONC ohn wife and 5 sons (James Oliver paid £10 passage money t o the P rovin
CONC cial Government of Otago on May 26 1869)

Orr John & Wi fe, 6 (
CONC ?5)sons, 3 daughters

Robertson Robert & Wife, 6 dau ghters
CONC

Robertson John

Rogers George & Wife

CONC p>

Sinclair Robert & Helen, James, John, Arthur

< p>Sinc
CONC lair Robert & Wife

Smith George

Stee dman J
CONC ames & Wife, 2 sons, 1 daughter

Steven James

<
CONC p>Sutherland John (?Lybster)

Sutherland Benjamin


CONC

Sutherland John & Wife, 1 son, 1 daughter

Swa n Ag
CONC nes

Webster Robert

Young William & W ife, 3 s
CONC ons (James)

The above list includes 4 f ar
CONC mers

26 ploughmen

17 shepherds

< p>

3 m
CONC asons

9 quarrymen

3 blacksmiths 4 ca rpente
CONC rs

1 tailor

1 teacher

4 ga rdener
CONC s

14 labourers

20 female servants.

< /p>


CONC

From the "Otago Witness"

"THE HENRI ETTA" T
CONC he barque "Henrietta" arrived at the Heads on Mo nday morning, af ter a p
CONC assage of 115 days from Glasgow. The rather prot racted voyage is r efer
CONC able to bad weather since passing the meridian of t he Cape, prev ious t
CONC o which not a reef had been taken in the topsails. S he had on bo ard, a
CONC t starting 238 souls, equal to 194½ statute adults, a n umber wh ich ha
CONC s been somewhat reduced by the casualties noted below. We r egret t o le
CONC arn that sickness has prevailed, and is still prevalent amon g th e pass
CONC engers to a considerable extent, though there have been no in fec tions o
CONC r contagious diseases. Various reports are in circulation as t o t he ca
CONC use of illness, it having been alleged by some that the accommo d ation o
CONC n board was insufficient, by others that the passengers have no t r ecei
CONC ved the necessary medical attention: and certainly the disgracef u l fac
CONC t that the surgeon was locked up on a charge of drunkenness a few h o ur
CONC s after landing, does not say much for his fitness for his onerou s d ut
CONC ies. The captain states, however, that the passengers were far fr om g e
CONC nerally healthy when they embarked, and their appearance on board ing w a
CONC s certainly not such as could have been wished, or equal to that o f pr e
CONC vious arrivals. One female died on board the "Oberon" on the pass age u p t
CONC he harbour. We presume that some inquiry will take place, and the ref or
CONC e refrain from further comment.

The following births and d eath
CONC s have occurred:

BIRTHS

J uly 17
CONC Mrs. J Deans of a son premature (died in 24 hours)

< p>July 2
CONC 0 Mrs. R Sinclair a son

July 17 Mrs. Hamilton a d aught
CONC er

DEATHS

July 18 Mary D eans a
CONC ged 2 yrs Decline

July 19 R Robertson aged 40 Ap oplexy
CONC

August 6 John Sutherland aged 23 months Decline


CONC

August 30 Robert Orr aged 2 yrs Marasmus

Sep t 5 J
CONC ohn Cameron aged 15 yrs Brain fever

Sept 7 Hannah O live
CONC r aged 19 yrs Brain Fever

Sept 13 Catherine Camer on age
CONC d 20 yrs Brain Fever

Sept 17 Catherine Cameron age d 19 y
CONC rs Brain Fever

Sept 22 Grace Cameron aged 23 yrs B rain F
CONC ever

Sept 26 Mrs. Ballantine aged 26 yrs Decline< /p> CONC >

The following address was given signed by 70 p asse
CONC ngers:

"Dear Sir,-

Now that we have lan ded in o
CONC ur adopted land we feel it to be our duty t o express our high ap precia
CONC tion of your qualities as a commander and yo ur conduct as a gent leman. W
CONC e likewise desire to testify our appreciati on of the conduct of M r.Fin
CONC nie Chief Officer and Mr.Turner second Offic er and also of the c rew wh
CONC o have done everything in their power to add t o our comfort by m any ac
CONC ts of kindness during the voyage With every wis h that prosperity m ay a
CONC ttend to you to the termination of your career w e remain yours, & c." CONC p>

Information courtesy of Alison de Caen who i s res
CONC earching the Hamilton a nd Litster families. Posted 3 January 200 0.


CONC

Otago Witness, 6 October 1860, Page 5

The f
CONC ollowing; letter, accompanied by a gold chain was presented to Ca p tain G
CONC umming of the Henrietta by a number of the passengers : — We , th e unde
CONC rsigned passengers by the barque Henrietta, from Glasgow to O tag o, wis
CONC h to express our gratitude and esteem of Captain Gumming as a c o mmande
CONC r and gentleman, and also his uniform kindness and attention to p r omot
CONC e our comfort during the voyage, by presenting him with a gold ch a in, w
CONC ishing that all success may attend him to the end of his career. 

BILLING, Reginald (I566)
 
13 Before the Plantation of Ulster, the area of Crawfordsburn was known as B allymullan (Irish: Baile Ui Mhaoláin). Crawfordsburn originated in the 1 7th century as a small settlement on an important routeway along North D own. It was named after a stream which flows through the village. It ha s retained elements of its 17th-century history along its Main Street i ncluding the coaching inn. The Sharman-Crawford family developed the vi llage in the 18th and 19th centuries. Crawfordsburn was promoted as a V ictorian tourist attraction, particularly for those visitors using the r ailway to nearby Helens Bay.
Source: Wikipedia 
LOWRY, Susan (I260)
 
14 Benjamin Maclean emigrated to New Zealand with his family departing fro m L ondon in 1860 on the SS Rob Roy. Their youngest child Blanche remain ed i n England and was adopted by John and Mary Maclean. Geoffrey, son o f T homas Every Maclean accompanied them on the voyage.
Benjamin was appointed Auditor-General of Public Accounts for the Provi n ce of Auckland, on 15 January 1863. Several other appointments followe d , including Justice of the Peace. With his brother Every, he undertook e x tensive farming operations in the Tamaki District.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Benjamin Maclean emigrated to New Zealand with his family departing fro m L ondon in 1860 on the SS Rob Roy. Their youngest child Blanche remain ed i n England and was adopted by John and Mary Maclean. Geoffrey, son o f T homas Every Maclean accompanied them on the voyage.
Benjamin was appointed Auditor-General of Public Accounts for the Provi n ce of Auckland, on 15 January 1863. Several other appointments followe d , including Justice of the Peace. With his brother Every, he undertook e x tensive farming operations in the Tamaki District.

(Research):Changed from Lean to Maclean to reclaim Scottish ancsestry 
MACLEAN, Benjamin (I50)
 
15 BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/
DEAT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
ISGAR, Lydia (I129)
 
16 BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
DALE, Dorothea (I201)
 
17 BIRT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
NELSON, George (I716)
 
18 Christopher came to New Zealand with his family in 1860 on the SS 'Rob R o y'. He was . educated at St John's College, Auckland, then joined the I n spector's Office of the Bank of New Zealand in Auckland in 1871. He wa s s ubsequently Accountant for the Bank at Napier and then successively a g ent and relieving officer at Russell, Wairoa, Kaikoura South, Rakaia, F o xton, Waipawa and Gore. He was appointed Manager of the Palmerston Nor t h branch in July 1895 and whilst there he and Ellen were both active m e mbers of All Saints' Church. Christopher was a member of the vestry an d t he choir and secretary of the local St Barnabas Association while El le n was described as being 'greatly to the fore in all benevolent works ' . When they left Christopher was presented by the choir and officers w i th a handsome pair of carvers as a token of esteem and affection . His f i nal posting was as Manager of the Bank at Napier, from which he retire d i n 1907.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Christopher came to New Zealand with his family in 1860 on the SS 'Rob R o y'. He was . educated at St John's College, Auckland, then joinedthe I n spector's Office of the Bank of New Zealand in Auckland in 1871. He wa s s ubsequently Accountant for the Bank at Napier and then successively a g ent and relieving officer at Russell, Wairoa, Kaikoura South, Rakaia, F o xton, Waipawa and Gore. He was appointed Manager of the Palmerston Nor t h branch in July 1895 and whilst there he and Ellen wereboth active me m bers of All Saints' Church. Christopher was a member of the vestry and t h e choir and secretary of the local St Barnabas Association while Ellen w a s described as being 'greatly to the fore in all benevolent works'. Wh e n they left Christopher was presented by the choir and officers with a h a ndsome pair of carvers as a token of esteem and affection . His final p o sting was as Manager of the Bank at Napier, from which he retired in 1 9 07.
TEXT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=websearch-4181&h=407 9821&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
NAME WebTag
URL http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=websearch-4181&h=407 9821&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
NAME WebTag
URL http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=websearch-4181&h=407 9821&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt 
MACLEAN, Christopher Haydon (I49)
 
19 Compiled from publicly available sources. Source (S115)
 
20 DEAT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.williams.gen.nz/ 
MARSH, Mary (I124)
 
21 Educated at Wanganui Collegiate School. Farmed Harekeke, 500 Coastal pr o perty near Wanganui BLYTH, Harrison David (I7)
 
22 Emigrated to America in 1847.
Obituary: " Died. On the last day of March, 1873, in the town of Winne conne, Mrs. Maria Lean. Her life reached beyond the allotted three scor e years and ten. She was born in the year 1800 in County Cornwall, Eng. , Parish of Blisland. In the year 1847 she came to this country with h er husband who survives her at a ripe old age. On coming to the United S tates they settled in Jefferson Co. Wis., where they lived until about e ight years ago when they removed to Ball Prairie. There her life was pa ssed in peace and quietness, surrounded by sons and daughters to admini ster to her. A numerous family of two sons and seven daughters still l ive to cherish the memory of their mother. Baptized in infancy, and con firmed at a suitable age as a member of the Church of England, her exem plary life testified to the last, her trust in that form of saving fait h." 
LEAN, Maria (I950)
 
23 From the Griffith Evalutions of Ireland it would appear that James Aust in and James Shanks lived in the samlearea, right next door to each oth er SHANKS, James (I307)
 
24 From: Christine Clement
Subject: Moore HUNTER
Date: Tue, 26 Jul 2005 20:55:07 +1200

Moore HUNTER was born in Scotland and died Hawera 3 February 1897 aged
62years i.e.born c. 1835.
His father was Alexander and mother Margaret? He married Mary Murray.
Don't know about connection to this Robert Gibson Hunter?

Christine Clement
Te Puke (Kiwifruit Capital of the World)
New Zealand
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~sooty
cmclement@clear.net.nz
List Manager for Ballinger-UK, Boulcott, Shand, and Audas on Rootsweb.c om

Death of Mr. Moore Hunter.
Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3462, 3 February 1897, Page 2
Death of Mr. Moore Hunter.

We regret having to record the death of Mr Moore Hunter, which occurred a t his residence this morning about halfpast six. It is pretty generally k nown Mr Hunter had been in more or less feeble health for some time pas t, an attack of pleurisy having resulted in a complication of diseases f rom which latterly it was hardly hoped he would rally. Indeed, during t he past few days his hold on life was most precarious, though friends w ho knew little of his real condition, but relied on the wonderful recup eratve power he had from time to time shown, hoped that he might be aga in seen about. However, the end came, as stated this morning. Mr Hunter w as a colonist of very old standing. He was born in the village of Braid wood, Lanarkshire, but at an early age the sturdy independence which he s howed in later years began to develope, and he emigrated to Canada, and a fter a visit to Scotland again went out, but in time the more genial cl imate of New Zealand attracted him. The oldest settlers on the coast re member him at Kai Iwi, where in the days of native troubles he had to b ear his part with his fellow settlers, and we believe, though we are no t quite certain, that he was a member of the Kai Iwi troop, wich which t he Hon. John Bryce was assooiatad. Later on Mr Hunter had a farm at Wai totara now occupied by Mr William Parsons, which he sold and came on to H awera. This must have been early in the seventies, and just at that tim e Hawera was being re-settled after Titokowaru's war. The land about he re had been divided up into small sections and military settlers were e ncouraged to settle, privates getting 50 acre scrip and officers larger . But a large slice of land running to the southward and westward of th e present town site had been marked off as a railway reserve, and this t he Government determined to sell. Mr Hunter, among others, was a purcha ser at the sale, acquiring sections which formed the nucleus of the pre sent fine estate of Burnside, whereon he made his home, reared his fami ly, and has now died. It was like the other unoccupied land, fern and t utu, and in a rough state, and its present condition, in which it is pe rhaps one of the best cultivated, clean, and most productive farms on t he coast is a tribute to the energy and hard work and persevarance of t his pioneer settler. During his long residence in the district Mr Hunte r built up a reputation as a careful, good farmer, liberal in his ideas o f how to treat land and breed stock the success of which policy has bee n often shown in the show rings of the Egmont, Wanganui, Palmerston Nor th, and other agricultural and pastoral societies. For many years fello w settlers were glad to get the benefit of his business shrewdness and e xperience on local bodies, and he was successively a member of the Pate a County Council, Hawera Road Board, and Hawera County Council ; while a s to the A. and P. Society he wss not only in evidence at show time, bu t a valued officer from the inception of this institution. All movement s which he considered for the solid advantage and prosperity of the dis trict be was a supporter of, and was ready to help both with purse and w ork. Of the Presbyterian Church he was a consistent member and a great h elper ; none knew his worth and his liberality better, perhaps, than th ose associated with him in that Communion ; and all bodies which sought t o promote the social and moral well-being of the people were ever sure o f help from him. Privately, there was no man whom one would be less dis posed to approach had he a weak case ; or more ready, if he had a case r eally deserving of help. Mr Hunter had the power and courage of discrim ination; qualities much rarer than they should be for the well being of t he community. As to colonial politics, he never sought any public offic e, but his interest was keen and his feelings strong. Mr Hunter leaves a w idow and family of eight (and several brothers and other relatives) to m ourn him, and the district, which in a wide sense is a loser by his dea th, will sympathise with them in their loss.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3462, 3 February 1897, Page 2

The Late Mr Moore Hunter.

MEMORIAL SERVICE. A funeral service in connection with the death of the l ate Mr Moore Hunter was conducted on Sunday morning at the Presbyterian C hurch by the Rev. T. McDonald. The pulpit wis draped in black, and hymn s appropriate to the occasion were sung. Mr McDonald chose for his text t he words " And I heard a voice from Heaven saying unto me, Write, Bless ed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith the S pirit, that they may rest from their labours ; and their works do follo w them."- Revelation XIV- IB. The address throughout was solemn and imp ressive, and listened to with great interest by the large congregation p resent. Referring particularly to the loss the church had sustained by t he demise of their late friend and brother he said they knew he had bee n long interested in this charge - in fact since its beginning he had b een foremost in every good word and work; they had almost come to think t hat his wise counsel and generous help were indispensible to the carryi ng on of the work. In every department of it his loss would be most kee nly felt. Until a few months ago he had conducted a class in the Sabbat h School and he always manifested the deepest interest in all that pert ained to the moral and spiritual well-being of the young. When any effo rt was made on be half of their church, on behalf of Foreign Missions o r indeed on behalf of any needy object he was always to the front. Ther e were many beautiful traits in his life. There was a spontaneity about h is Christian services that they should long remember and long value. He a lso carried out, as the speaker had seen few do, the words of the Lord J esus Christ, " Let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth." O stentation and parade were unknown to him. After speaking of deceased's r eligious life, Mr McDonald said the loss created by his death to his wi fe and family was an irreparable one, and the loss to their church was g reat ; the loss also to many whom he befriended in times of difficulty w as great. Mr McDonald added that personally he had lost a wise counsell or and a true friend - one whose words were valuable to him when cast d own by reason of the hardness of the world. But while they recognised h is loss as irreparable they had another and a brighter side to the pict ure, for to him to die was a glorious gain and a deliverance from tbe g roanings of earth to the songs of Heaven ; from great bodily weakness t o the strength that characterises those who have entered the Celestial C ity. What a change; what a blessed change! They should miss him sadly, a nd he appealed to members of the congregation to fill the breach in chu rch work his death had occasioned. Of him he thought it might truly be s aid, "He hath done what he could." Mr McDonald concluded by imploring G od's comfort and hope to the bereaved widow and family.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3466, 8 February 1897, Page 2

COUNTY CHAIRMEN.

HAWERA.

The annual meeting of the Hawera County Council was held yesterday, for t he election of a Chairman for the year. There were present -Messrs Moor e Hunter (chairman), A. C. Milne, Finlayeon, and Partridge. Mr. Milne p roposed that Mr. Hunter be re-elected Chairman, and remarked that Mr. H unter lived near town, which was a great convenience, but apart from th at he had conducted the affairs of the County admirably, and a better m an could not be obtained. Mr. Hunter desired to be.relieved of office, a nd suggested the election of Councillor Yorke. Mr. Partridge also eulog ised Mr. Hunter, and, after persuasion, Mr. Hunter was induced to accep t office again, and was then duly elected. It was resolved to hold a sp ecial meeting on Thursday, 6th December, in place of the ordinary meeti ng on the Ist inst.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume IV, Issue 662, 29 November 1883, Page 2
DEAT: _PROOF proven 
HUNTER, Moore (I207)
 
25 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/pioneer.htm

(Research):HUNTER, MARY nee MURRAY was born in 1851 in Glasgow, Scotlan d and came t o New Zealand in 1862. She was the daughter of James Murr ay, a tea mer chant, and Jane nee Blair. Mary married Moore Hunter at W anganui in 18 74. Moore had a large property on the west side of Hawer a, and the fam ily lived at Burnside (now the A and P showgrounds). Th e Hunter family h ad considerable involvement in the early development o f the Hawera comm unity. Mary Hunter died on the 17 August 1943 aged 9 2 years and is bur ied in the Hawera cemetery 
MURRAY, Mary (I206)
 
26 http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dunn-2040
TEXT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlists/josephfletcher.htm l 
DUNN, Alice Stewart (I18)
 
27 In 1161, the MacLean tribe transplanted from the province of Moray in S cotland. The head of the clan was Gillean of the Battle of Ax. Gillia n lived during the reign of Alexander IIIL. Gillean had a son named Gi lliemore; who in turn had a son named John. John had two sons; Lachlan L ubanach MacLean, the proprietor of Duart and Hector Regenach MacLean th e proprietor of Lochberg. Initially the MacLean brothers were follower s of the Lord of Lorn, but after a disagreement they switched loyalties a nd followed the Lord of Isles. Due to distinction in the service for t his Lord, they were given large tracts of land on the Island of Mull. I n 1366 Lachlan married the Lord's daughter, while Hector was Lieutenant G eneral of the army of the Lord of Isles. By 1493 the MacLeans' owned M ull and Teres Islands and parts of Jura, Islay and Scarvia.

By this time the MacLeans were divided into four clans. The strongest o f the four were the descendents of Lachlan. Caroline M. C. Lean was a d escendent of the Lachlan branch. This branch was known as the MacLeans o f Duart. By 1579 the branches of the clan were feuding. The Lachlan M acLean at that time captured the castle of Hector MacLean of Coll. Fro m 1579-81 Lachlan was in constant warfare. In a feud he killed MacDona ld of Dungoey. He had Hector MacLean beheaded. He also imprisoned Don ald MacLean and had nine other men and two women murdered. As a byprod uct of this butchery he was knighted. In 1594 he fought gallantly in t he battle of Glenlivet. Finally in 1598 he fought in a dreadful clan w ar and was slain.

By 1600 the branches of the MacLean's at Duart were scattered. Charles M acLean moved to Drimin Scotland. His son William moved to Milltown Mil ls and dropped the Mac form the name. 
LEANE, Thomas (I759)
 
28 In about 1810, James Austin was born in Ballygrott, Bangor, County Down , Ireland. Family history goes that James Austin´s father met one of th e Greville sisters when he was a tutor for the Greville family in Warkw ick Castle, England. She fell in love with him and they eloped and came b ack to Ireland to live. This is not verified though as there is no ment ion of a Susan Greville being born at the castle. It may be that record s were erased.

BANGOR, a parish and sea-port and market-town and post-town, chiefly in t he barony of ARDES, county of DOWN, and province of ULSTER, but partly i n the barony of LOWER-CASTLEREAGH, ll.5 miles (N. E. By E.) from Belfas t, 21 miles (N.) from Downpatrick, and 9l.5 miles (N. By E.) from Dubli n; containing 9355 inhabitants, of which number, 2741 are in the town.
The origin and early history of this ancient town are involved in some o bscurity, and have been variously described by different writers. The m ost authentic records concur in stating that, about the year 555, St. C omgall founded here an abbey of Regular Canons, which may have led to t he formation of a town, if one did not exist previously, and over which h e presided fifty years, and died and was enshrined in it. In 1125 the A bbey was rebuilt by Malachy O Morgair, then abbot, with the addition of a n oratory of stone, said by St. Bernard to have been the first building o f stone and lime in Ireland and from which this place, anciently called t he Vale of Angels, derived the name of Beanchoir, now Bangor, signifyin g the White Church, or Fair Choir.
The town is advantageously situated on the south side of Belfast Lough o r Carrickfergus bay, and on the direct sea coast road from Belfast to D onaghadee; in 1831 it contained 563 houses, most of which are indiffere ntly built, and is much frequented for sea-bathing during the summer. T he streets are neither paved nor lighted, but are kept very clean and t he inhabitants are but indifferently supplied with water. There is a pu blic library; and an Historical Society has been recently formed in con nection with it. The cotton manufacture is carried on to a considerable e xtent in the town and neighbourhood, and affords employment to a great n umber of the inhabitants of both sexes in the weaving, sewing, and orna mental branches.
The trade of the port is inconsiderable: black cattle, horses, grain, a nd flax are exported: the only imports are coal and timber. The bay is w ell sheltered, and affords good anchorage in deep water for vessels det ained by an unfavourable wind and the harbour is capable of great impro vement, although attempts made at the expense of individuals have faile d. A small pier was built about the year 1760, by means of a parliament ary grant of 500 pounds to the corporation for promoting and carrying o n the inland navigation of Ireland. The neighbouring bays produce a var iety of fish; oysters of large size are taken in abundance. The surroun ding scenery is pleasingly diversified, and enriched in some parts with s tately timber, chiefly fir and oak; and in the vicinity of the several g entlemen s seats are thriving plantations of beech, sycamore, ash and p oplar, of comparatively modern growth.
Slate is found in several parts, but has been only procured in one quar ry, which has not been worked sufficiently deep to produce a quality ca pable of resisting the action of the atmosphere. There are also mines o f coal, especially on the estate of Lord Dufferin, whose father opened a nd worked them on a small scale, since which time they have been abando ned; and a lead mine was worked here to some extent about thirty years s ince, in which copper ore and manganese were also found.
Extracts from The Samuel Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland 1837 ( transcribed by Mel Lockie) 
AUSTIN, James (I259)
 
29 In about 1810, James Austin was born in Ballygrott, Bangor, County Down , Ireland. Family history goes that James Austin´s father met one of th e Greville sisters when he was a tutor for the Greville family in Warkw ick Castle, England. She fell in love with him and they eloped and came b ack to Ireland to live. This is not verified though as there is no ment ion of a Susan Greville being born at the castle. It may be that record s were erased. GREVILLE, Susan (I1126)
 
30 It appears that was married in two parishes on two different dates - ma ybe to accommodate family. Both parishes are next to each other and the d etails match up
TEXT: _WEBTAG
NAME WebTag
URL http://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=pubmembertrees&h=- 109598572&indiv=try
NAME WebTag
URL http://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=pubmembertrees&h=- 109598572&indiv=try
NAME WebTag
URL http://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=pubmembertrees&h=- 109598572&indiv=try 
ROBERTSON, James (I1135)
 
31 James Austin and Mary, along with Mary´s 12 year old sister Agnes, arri ved in New Zealand aboard the Zelandia which left London (10 Sep 1863) a nd arrived in Lyttelton (8 Dec 1863) Under Captain Foster. They came ou t in Second Cabin.
Also An Agnes Rainey appears in the Will of James SHanks being at his d eath resididing in Canterbury NZ 
SHANKS, Agnes (I1127)
 
32 JAMES BLYTH and ANN LAING
James, the son of David Blyth and Janet Anderson, was born in Cupar, Fi feshire, in 1802. However he was not christened until 16th June 1817.

As a young man he traveled to South America. From early in 1830 until J anuary 1836 he worked as a carpenter, joiner and cabinetmaker in Lima, P eru. The British Consul General in Peru, Belford Hinton Wilson, was so i mpressed with James that he wrote him a reference praising his “unimpea chable honesty, sobriety and persevering industry''

After six years in Peru, which included involvement in a rebellion and t he war with Bolivia, James returned to Scotland where on 24 February 19 40 in Cupar, he married Ann Laing, daughter of James Laing and Catherin e Anderson.

On 6th November 1841, with their 7-month-old son David, James and Ann s ailed for New Zealand on the “Martha Ridgway” via the Cape of Good Hope . Records of the ship show that it was built in Liverpool in 1840 and w as “sheathed in felt and yellow metal.” It was described as a “splendid s hip constructed expressly for the passenger trade.” She had a “very spa cious poop” and was “replete with every arrangement for the comfort and h ealth of the passengers.” The 621 ton sailing ship made its maiden voya ge to New Zealand captained by Henry Webb, and after a tempestuous jour ney, arrived in Nelson on 7th April 1842. James gave his occupation at t he time as a joiner. The family later disembarked at Petone, less than t wo years after the settlement of Wellington. The Martha Ridgway meet an u ntimely end that same year (1842) when on a trip from New Zealand to Bo mbay she was wrecked on a reef in the Torres Strait.

For some years James was a businessman in Wellington. On October the 16 th, 17th, 19th and 24th of 1848 Wellington was rocked by earthquakes. W ard's book ‘Early Wellington', describing houses affected by the quakes m entions James's two storied clay house in Dixon street as being “much s haken with one gable down.”

During his time in Wellington James was a member of the first “Kirk ses sion” of the Church of Scotland which occurred in 1853.

James appears on the Burgess Roll for the Borough of Wellington in 1842 , is shown on the list of persons qualified to serve as jurors for the D istrict of Port Nicholson for 1848 and 1856, and is on the City of Well ington electoral Roll, as a Cabinet Maker of Dixon Street, up until 185 8. The Burgess Roll, by way of explanation, was a record of all men gra nted the freedom of the city. It was an ancient Scottish honor which, a mong other things, granted the holder a share in government.

At some time after the birth of his youngest child (Herbert in 1861) Ja mes purchased a 2,000 acre property and homestead in the recently settl ed Wanganui area. He named the homestead “Marybank” in honor of his dau ghter Mary who coincidentally had been born the same year as the home w as completed. The homestead had been built by David Strachan from Kahik atea timber cut and pit sawn on site. It was of a double-gabled design w ith a front verandah.

The move to Wanganui would have been a major undertaking in those days a s the country had not long been ‘opened up’ and the threat from maraudi ng bands of Maori was very real.
With true pioneering spirit James entered into the local community dete rmined to establish a viable settlement. He was the first Chairman of t he Whangaehu School Committee, a member of the Provincial Council, a Ju stice of the Peace and an elder of the Presbyterian Church. He was no d oubt a well-respected member of the community.

On the evening of 8th October 1862, less than two years after moving to t he area, while returning from visiting the Campbell family at nearby ‘W iritoa,' James was thrown from his horse and killed.
On his death the properties “Marybank” at Putiki, and “Blythwood” at Ta ylorville, were leased out. When Ann died in 1886 the properties were d ivided up between the couples nine children.

JAMES BLYTH and ANN LAING
James, the son of David Blyth and Janet Anderson, was born in Cupar, Fi feshire, in 1802. However he was not christened until 16th June 1817.

As a young man he traveled to South America. From early in 1830 until J anuary 1836 he worked as a carpenter, joiner and cabinetmaker in Lima, P eru. The British Consul General in Peru, Belford Hinton Wilson, was so i mpressed with James that he wrote him a reference praising his “unimpea chable honesty, sobriety and persevering industry''

After six years in Peru, which included involvement in a rebellion and t he war with Bolivia, James returned to Scotland where on 24 February 19 40 in Cupar, he married Ann Laing, daughter of James Laing and Catherin e Anderson.

On 6th November 1841, with their 7-month-old son David, James and Ann s ailed for New Zealand on the “Martha Ridgway” via the Cape of Good Hope . Records of the ship show that it was built in Liverpool in 1840 and w as “sheathed in felt and yellow metal.” It was described as a “splendid s hip constructed expressly for the passenger trade.” She had a “very spa cious poop” and was “replete with every arrangement for the comfort and h ealth of the passengers.” The 621 ton sailing ship made its maiden voya ge to New Zealand captained by Henry Webb, and after a tempestuous jour ney, arrived in Nelson on 7th April 1842. James gave his occupation at t he time as a joiner. The family later disembarked at Petone, less than t wo years after the settlement of Wellington. The Martha Ridgway meet an u ntimely end that same year (1842) when on a trip from New Zealand to Bo mbay she was wrecked on a reef in the Torres Strait.

For some years James was a businessman in Wellington. On October the 16 th, 17th, 19th and 24th of 1848 Wellington was rocked by earthquakes. W ard's book ‘Early Wellington', describing houses affected by the quakes m entions James's two storied clay house in Dixon street as being “much s haken with one gable down.”

During his time in Wellington James was a member of the first “Kirk ses sion” of the Church of Scotland which occurred in 1853.

James appears on the Burgess Roll for the Borough of Wellington in 1842 , is shown on the list of persons qualified to serve as jurors for the D istrict of Port Nicholson for 1848 and 1856, and is on the City of Well ington electoral Roll, as a Cabinet Maker of Dixon Street, up until 185 8. The Burgess Roll, by way of explanation, was a record of all men gra nted the freedom of the city. It was an ancient Scottish honor which, a mong other things, granted the holder a share in government.

At some time after the birth of his youngest child (Herbert in 1861) Ja mes purchased a 2,000 acre property and homestead in the recently settl ed Wanganui area. He named the homestead “Marybank” in honor of his dau ghter Mary who coincidentally had been born the same year as the home w as completed. The homestead had been built by David Strachan from Kahik atea timber cut and pit sawn on site. It was of a double-gabled design w ith a front verandah.

The move to Wanganui would have been a major undertaking in those days a s the country had not long been ‘opened up’ and the threat from maraudi ng bands of Maori was very real.
With true pioneering spirit James entered into the local community dete rmined to establish a viable settlement. He was the first Chairman of t he Whangaehu School Committee, a member of the Provincial Council, a Ju stice of the Peace and an elder of the Presbyterian Church. He was no d oubt a well-respected member of the community.

On the evening of 8th October 1862, less than two years after moving to t he area, while returning from visiting the Campbell family at nearby ‘W iritoa,' James was thrown from his horse and killed.
On his death the properties “Marybank” at Putiki, and “Blythwood” at Ta ylorville, were leased out. When Ann died in 1886 the properties were d ivided up between the couples nine children.

From THE PAMPHLET COLLECTION OF SIR ROBERT STOUT: VOLUME 76

WANGANUI OLD SETTLERS

Blyth, James.-This gentleman was an early settler and resided at "Mary B ank" about four miles from the town on the No. 1 Line of road. Mr. Blyt h was a Justice of the Peace and Member of the Provincial Council, and a s taunch supporter of the late Dr. Featherston, Superintendent of the Wel lington Province. He came to an untimely end, however, having been thro wn from his horse whilst riding home after dark one evening, his body b eing picked up by the roadside afterwards by a search party. Mr. Blyth w as much respected and his death deeply regretted.

PAPERS PAST NZ (NZ Archives), MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
Wellington Independent, Volume XVI, Issue 1791, 13 November 1862, Page 3

The Late Mr. James Blyth. - Many of our readers will peruse with feelin gs of sincere regret, the following extract from the Wanganui Chronicle o f the 9th October, narrating the sudden and untimely death of Mr. James B lyth. The deceased gentleman had many friends in Wellington, as well as i n other Provinces of New Zealand, and for some years was an elder in th e Free Church of Scotland here, and in common with many others, we take t he opportunity afforded by the present mournful occasion, to pay a pass ing tribute of respect to the memory of the departed : - " It is with g reat pain that we record the sudden decease of Mr. James Blyth, of Mary bank. Mr. Blyth was returning home last night, from Dr. Allison's, acco mpanied by his two eldest sons. He was riding on before, and they follo wed a short way behind, When they arrived at the gate leading up to the h ouse, they found the horse standing at it without its rider. Returning i n search of their father, they found him lying in a ditch at the side o f the road near Wiritoa Mill, quite dead. The body was carried into Mr. W m. Howie's house, and Dr. Gibson sent for, who found that death had bee n caused by the bursting- of a blood vessel in the brain, and that it m ust therefore have been instantaneous. No person in the district had a w ider and more attached circle of friends than Mr. Blyth, by all of whom h is death will be deplored, as occasioning the loss of a most excellent m ember of society, a most genial companion, a warm-hearted friend, and a c onsistent Christian. To his amiable widow and family this sudden bereav ement must be especially distressing, as from Mr. Blyth's constitution a nd habits, they might naturally have looked for a long continuance of t heir domestic felicity
.

(Research):See attached sources. 
BLYTH, James (I2)
 
33 James Blyth:Autpbiographical Notes
Mr James Blyth was born In Newport, Fifeshire, Scotland on 15th May 183 7. He was educated at the Presbyterian School in his native town, and a t the Grammar School, St Andrews. On leaving school he was apprenticed t o a Master-Builder in order to learn the trade of a carpenter.
At the end of his four year apprenticeship he was retained as a journey man carpenter and continued to serve his employer in that capacity for six months, and then decided to leave the land of his birth for far New Z ealand.
He left London on fifth October, 1858, in the ship “Strathallan” of five hundred and forty tons register. The passengers numbered two hundred and thirty-five souls including thirty-two children. The immigrants included farm laborers, general laborers, gardeners, shepherds, blacksmith carpenters, sawyers, bricklayers, tailors, painters, domestic servants and dressmakers. The voyage was full of interest. The French coast was sighted on the morning of the 17th and shortly afterwards the rough weather so often encountered in the Bay of Biscay was experienced. The weather was stormy with a high sea running and sea-sickness was general among the passengers. Running into finer weather they eventually reached he tropics and the ship became becalmed in the Doldrums. Fishing was in dulged in here. A twelve months old shark was caught by the first mate, nd the following morning the passengers were regaled with shark for breakfast fried in butter, and for tea on the same day shark stewed in vinegar. In order to interest those on board a ship's newspaper was published periodically, being usually read after dinner. As occasion offered, there were concerts, dances, deck games and entertainments by a scrach band. Very dirty weather was encountered in southern latitudes, and dur ng time there was a good deal of bickering, discontent and fighting taking place among members of the Crew. During the voyage two woman and s x children died and there were three births. On the morning of January 13th, New Zealand was distinctly visible and on a bearing taken at noon, it was calculated that the ship was thirty-five miles from land. The Ship arrived of Timaru on 14th January, 1859. Timaru in those days was nothing but a whaling station. The buildings consisted of five houses, Mr hodes’s wool shed and an Accommodation house kept by Sam Williams. The country was a wilderness of tussock and flax. Owing to a lack of accommodation, James Blyth spent the first few nights under a flax bush with no other covering but for a blanket, and he continued the outdoor night life for a month.
Two days after arrival he met Mr David Innes was in partnership with W lliam Harrison in Pareora Station, a block of country of 25000 acres just south of the Pareora river. Mr Innes engaged James Blyth as a carpenter to co-operate with two other tradesmen in the construction of a wool-shed and house on that part of the run now known as Holme station, the wages being 12s6d a day and found. On the completion of the wool-shed and the partial construction of the house, there was a shortage of timb r, and rather than stand idle the carpenters left but agreed to return later to complete the work. James Blyth went down to the Waimate bush where he helped to build a sheep-dip and wash, and later built a dairy at Waihao for a former employee of Mr Innes. On finishing this work, he decided to see some of the countryside and he thereupon commenced a long walk to Dunedin. On reaching the Waitaki, he was faced with the difficulty of getting to the other side of the river in order to continue his tramp. Meeting a Maori, he discussed his difficulty and the native suggested the construction of a raft of koradi sticks and flax. Together they built a raft six feet by four feet, and the Maori poled the new colonist across the river. Navigation was difficult and tricky owing to the rapidly flowing water; but the native proved himself a past-master with the pole. On reaching the other side, the Maori declined to accept anything for the service he had rendered, and it was only after repeated efforts that Blyth prevailed on him to accept half a Sovereign for his trouble. The Waitaki plain was then a regular plaster of cabbage trees and flax. The Maori gave the pioneer directions as to his route, informing that after walking six miles he would reach Mr Filluel’s sheep station. He stayed at the station that night and walked into Oamaru, a distance of four miles, the following morning. Oamaru then consisted of a blacksmith’s shop, a carpenter’s shop and a few houses, the first hotel being at that time under construction. The traveller here inquired the way to Dunedin and continued on the even tenor of his way. The following morning he fell in with two sailors who had deserted from a ship previously when at Port Chalmers and who where then walking back to Port Chalmers ith a view securing a job on a returning vessel. The journey to Dunedin occupied a week. The party stayed one night with the Maoris at Waikoiti and slept out other nights. On reaching Port Chalmers they made a stay of one night at the hotel, and the following morning the party took passage in a boat to Dunedin. In 1859, Dunedin was a very small place, a couple of hotels, a few houses and several shops constituting the town at that time. James Blyth stayed here for a month then took passage for Oamaru on the steamer “Geelong”. On reaching Oamaru he proceeded on foot to a ford on the Waitaki river called Jimmy-the-needle’s crossing. He had to disgorge the sum of £1 in advance before Jimmy would put him across the river. A good swimming pony carried him across the river, and he then walked to Pike’s station, about eight miles north of the river, and stayed there the night. The following day he walked to Pareora Station, a distance of forty miles, and finding that additional supplies of timber had been secured by Messrs. Harris and Innes he resumed work the following morning and two months later had completed the work.
James Blyth tendered for the construction of a house for Mr W.K. Macdonald, 0rari Station, and secured the contract. It was a house of five rooms which was liked up with the original slab house. It was completed to Mr Macdonald’s entire satisfaction in 1860. This was the beginning of James Blyth's association with W.K. Macdonald, but was destined to cover a number of years during which Mr Blyth Carried out extensive work for Mr Macdonald.
Whilst James Blyth had the construction of W.K. Macdonald's the house in hand, he met the lady who was to be the sharer joys and sorrows over a long period of happy wedded life. Miss Alice Dunn the daughter of Thomas D unn who had a farm at Orari called the Stumps.
On the completion of Macdonald's house James Blyth decided that he would give the "diggings" a go. He rode from Timaru up through the Lindus Pass to the diggings. He joined two other men in the working of a claim, put in plenty of work during a very hard winter there but without any luck, and returned to Timaru. He then commenced business as a Master-Builder and carried out extensive work in town and country. On 2nd May, 1863, he was united in Holy Matrimony with Alice Dunn at her father's home , The Stumps, Orari, the ceremony being performed by the first Anglican Vicar of Geraldine, the Rev. Lawrence Brown. The happy couple made their home in Timaru and continued to reside there for three years. Mr Blyth then secured a building contract at Orari and other contracts in the same location following which the Blyth's decided to move to Orari in order that Mr Blyth would be more conveniently placed to carry out the work . He purchased twenty acres of land on which he built a house which they made their home until the children became of school age when he sold out of the Orari property and returned to Timaru. The family lived in Timaru for several years, but the ever increasing contracts offering in Temuka town and district brought about another move and he came to Temuka in 1873 to make the town his permanent hone. In 1875 he decided to e large the sphere of his operations and to this end he commenced business as a Timber and Hardware merchant. A Man of substance, he began to take an active interest in municipal matters and played a prominent part in the formation and development of the town. For years he was chairman o f the Temuka Town Board, and he has been a Justice of the Peace for a long period of years.
He has been an enthusiastic worker in the Presbyterian Church and gave of his best in all things calculated to further its good work. In 1894 he made a trip to the old country where he travelled a great deal before returning to New Zealand. In June 1922, after a happy association extend ing over fifty-nine years, a partnership commenced on 2nd May 1863 came to an end when Mrs Blyth passed away. Shortly after the sad event Mr Blyth retired from business in order to enjoy remaining years of life in peace and quiet. Well over ninety years of age, he is a living testimony t o the inestimable benefits gained by a life of rectitude and hard work

The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Canterbury Provincial District]
Old Colonists

Mr. James Blyth, J.P., was born in Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1837, a nd s erved an apprenticeship to the building trade. He came to Timaru by t h e Strathallan,in 1859, and followed his trade until 1861, when he trie d , his fortune on the Otago goldfields. Returning to Timaru, he carried o n b usiness as a builder for some years, and settled in Temuka in 1872. I n 1 880 he commenced business as a timber, coal, and iron mer chant. His p r emises occupy an acre and a-half of ground in Wood Street, where he als o has a large grain store. Mr. Blyth is district agent for the National I nsurance Company. He has taken a leading part in all movements for the w elfare of the district, and was associated with the Temuka Pioneers ' M emorial, which was erected in commemoration of the Record Reign, and wa s unveiled by Mrs. Blyth on the 16th of December, 1897. He was made a J ustice of the Peace in 1897. Mr. Blyth is a member of the Masonic frat r nrity, and also of the Alexanda Lodge of Oddfellows, American order , i n which he has occupied all the chairs and has been for years treasurer o f of the lodge. He was one of the first members of the Temuka Town Boar d, of which he was chairman from 1890 to 1894. Mr. Blyth was married in 1 862 to the eldest daughter of Mr. Thos. Dunn, of The Stumps farm, Orari , and has three sons and three daughters. 
BLYTH, James (I17)
 
34 James Hibbert Wanklyn was in Manchester business house of
Bradshaw, Hibbert & Wanklyn and li ved at Crumshall Hall. He
married his first cousin Margaret Bradshaw. James Hibbert
Wanklyn , the eldest son of William Wanklyn, merchant of
Manchester, born on the 4th August 1797, wa s a Brazilian
merchant, and in 1850 resided at Crescent, Salford. He served
the office of ch urchwarden of Manchester in 1828, and took
part in the management of the Manchester infirmary , and other
public charities, and was one of the original trustees and
patrons of St. Luke' s Church, Cheetham Hill, as well as a
magistrate of the county. He married, in 1823 or 24 Ma rgaret
Bradshaw, and left surviving issue, one Hibbert Wanklyn, now
vicar of Deopham, Norfolk . Mr J. H. Wanklyn died on the 18th
of October 1870 in his 74th year, having resided with hi s son
during the last two years of his life.
Mark Wanklyn 
WANKLYN, James Hibbert (I518)
 
35 Jane Nelson was baptised at St Mary Gate Independent Chapel, Nottingham , E ngland, on 29 April 1801, daughter of James Nelson and his wife, Ann a M aria Dale. Her parents were Dissenters. In 1817 Jane was engaged as a p u pil teacher by Mary Williams at her school in Southwell, Nottinghamshi r e. There she met Mary's son William, an ordained minister, who was pre p aring for missionary work in New Zealand. Despite Anna Nelson's initia l d iscouragement Jane and William were married at Sheffield, on 11 July 1 8 25, and on 12 August sailed in the Sir George Osborne. On 25 March 182 6 t hey arrived at Paihia, where William's brother Henry, and his wife, M a rianne, had established a mission station.
Jane and Marianne Williams worked as well together as did the two broth e rs. Both women were often pregnant, Jane having six daughters and thre e s ons by 1846. The families shared meals and the two wives took turns a t c ooking and teaching. This close family bond was maintained after Wil li am and Jane left the Bay of Islands to set up a mission station at Tu r anga, Poverty Bay, in 1840. Children were frequently exchanged, and th e l etters between the two women are now one of the main sources of info rm ation about the minutiae of daily life at Paihia and Turanga.
Jane Williams, especially instructed by the Church Missionary Society i n L ondon to remember that 'no country can be happy or Christian but in p r oportion as its Females become so', was to seek every opportunity of i n fluencing Maori women. She taught them to read and write, to sew and c o ok (in European fashion), and trained them in 'civilised' household ma n agement. Like her husband she took a special care in visiting the sick . A t Paihia girls who had been making 'satisfactory progress' were ofte n t aken away by their relatives to serve the shipping which frequented t h e Bay of Islands. There was little danger of this at Turanga, but ther e w as always some doubt as to whether her girls would turn up, because t r ibal demands took precedence.
To Turanga Maori, irrespective of age, Jane Williams was 'Mother'. The s h aring of household tasks and of childbirth gave Jane and the Maori peo p le an intimacy which was closer than that between male missionary and c o nvert. When William Williams was away, the smooth running of the missi o n devolved on Jane, who was also responsible for the day-to-day teachi n g of her younger children. She was an efficient person who had to bear w i th constant domestic interruptions of a sort seldom suffered by her hu s band. Days of 'very great raru' (hindrances and encumbrances) figure f r equently in her journals. Quiet evenings with her husband and family s h e particularly valued, but often William was away for weeks or months a t a t ime. 'These continual separations form my greatest trial', she wro te i n 1844, 'I try to remember that I am a soldier's wifeÉ. Still I can not b ut feel it.'
After leaving Turanga in 1865 for the Bay of Islands, Jane and William s e ttled at Napier in 1867, where she took a lively interest in the Hukar e re school for Maori girls, established close to her home by her husban d i n 1875. After William's death on 9 February 1878 Jane was one of the l a st survivors of the missionary band of the 1820s. Reminiscing in 1880 s h e wrote, 'we were always contented and happy... never even dreamt of t h e land being occupied by Europeans. Civilization was good for our chil d ren, but sadly marred our work.' She died at her residence, Hukarere, o n 6 O ctober 1896. Her obituary stated: 'The treasure William Williams b roug ht to these shores was that bright, intelligent, courageous and che erf ul soul'.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Jane Nelson was baptised at St Mary Gate Independent Chapel, Nottingham , E ngland, on 29 April 1801, daughter of James Nelson and his wife, Ann a M aria Dale. Her parents were Dissenters. In 1817 Jane was engagedas a p u pil teacher by Mary Williams at her school in Southwell, Nottinghamshi r e. There she met Mary's son William, an ordained minister, who was pre p aring for missionary work in New Zealand. Despite Anna Nelson's initia l d iscouragement Jane and William were married at Sheffield, on 11 July 1 8 25, and on 12 August sailed in the Sir George Osborne.On 25 March 1826 t h ey arrived at Paihia, where William's brother Henry, and his wife, Mar i anne, had established a mission station.
Jane and Marianne Williams worked as well together as did the two broth e rs. Both women were often pregnant, Jane having six daughters and thre e s ons by 1846. The families shared meals and the two wives took turns a t c ooking and teaching. This close family bond was maintained after Wil li am and Jane left the Bay of Islands to set up a mission station at Tu r anga, Poverty Bay, in 1840. Children were frequently exchanged, and th e l etters between the two women are now one of the main sources of info rm ation about the minutiae of daily life at Paihia and Turanga.
Jane Williams, especially instructed by the Church Missionary Societyin L o ndon to remember that 'no country can be happy or Christian but in pro p ortion as its Females become so', was to seek every opportunityof infl u encing Maori women. She taught them to read and write, to sewand cook ( i n European fashion), and trained them in 'civilised' household managem e nt. Like her husband she took a special care in visiting the sick. At P a ihia girls who had been making 'satisfactory progress' were often take n a way by their relatives to serve the shipping which frequented the Ba y o f Islands. There was little danger of this at Turanga, but there was a l ways some doubt as to whether her girls would turnup, because tribal d e mands took precedence.
To Turanga Maori, irrespective of age, Jane Williams was 'Mother'. The s h aring of household tasks and of childbirth gave Jane and the Maori peo p le an intimacy which was closer than that between male missionary and c o nvert. When William Williams was away, the smooth running of the missi o n devolved on Jane, who was also responsible for the day-to-day teachi n g of her younger children. She was an efficient person who had to bear w i th constant domestic interruptions of a sort seldom suffered by her hu s band. Days of 'very great raru' (hindrances and encumbrances) figure f r equently in her journals. Quiet evenings with her husband and family s h e particularly valued, but often William was away forweeks or months a t a t ime. 'These continual separations form my greatest trial', she wro te i n 1844, 'I try to remember that I am a soldier's wifeÉ. Still I can not b ut feel it.'
After leaving Turanga in 1865 for the Bay of Islands, Jane and William s e ttled at Napier in 1867, where she took a lively interest in the Hukar e re school for Maori girls, established close to her home by her husban d i n 1875. After William's death on 9 February 1878 Jane was oneof the l a st survivors of the missionary band of the 1820s. Reminiscing in 1880 s h e wrote, 'we were always contented and happy... never even dreamt of t h e land being occupied by Europeans. Civilization was good for our chil d ren, but sadly marred our work.' She died at her residence, Hukarere, o n 6 O ctober 1896. Her obituary stated: 'The treasure William Williams b roug ht to these shores was that bright, intelligent,courageous and chee rfu l soul'.
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NELSON, Jane (I28)
 
36 MARR: _PRIM Y Family F111
 
37 Marriages performed at the Parish Church of BOCONNOC, Cornwall Thomas L ane of Blisland & Ann Wherry o.t.p. by B(banns) 6 May 1795 Both (s)
"Lean" and "Weary" witnesses, George Motton, Joseph Parson

Tombstone inscription in Blisland churchyard: This stone erected to th e memory of Thomas Lean who died December 2nd 1826, aged 56 years also A nn wife of the above who died at Pendavey, Egloshayle February 20th 185 5, aged 81 years also Jemima their daughter who died May 5th 1857, age d 53 years also Jane Bate who died September 10th 1835, aged 23 years 
LEAN, Thomas (I989)
 
38 Married At Saint Peter and St Pauls Church, Parish Of Ashton Family F30
 
39 NOt sure if this is the same robert Lean as why would get married in De von. need more evidence to back this up Family F22
 
40 OBJE: _WEBTAG
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BILLING, Thomas (I93)
 
41 Reference: Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 pages 9 18 Published 1903

OHAPE is seventeen miles to the north of Timaru in the county of Gerald ine. It is within five miles of Temuka, and has a bi-weekly mail servi ce with Timaru. The district is devoted to farming. has a public school a nd a blacksmith shop.

FARMERSº

AUSTIN, James, Farmer, Ohape, near Temuka. Mr Austin was born in Count y Down, Ireland, in 1837, and was brought up as a farmer by his father. H e came to Lyttelton in 1864 by the ship "Zealandia," and after farming f or three years at Selwyn, removed to Temuka in 1867 - just before the h eavy flood in that district. Mr Austin has a number of farms, and in a ddition to cereal growing, is a breeder of sheep and cattle at one tim e he owned a stud of Clydesdale horses. He was married in the Old Coun ty and has eleven children.

James and Mary Austin arrived in Lyttleton, New Zealand from County Dow n Ireland on December 8th, 1863 as paying passengers. They bought a far m at Winchester, South Canterbury after 3 years in the Selwyn District. G randfather lived by the rules he set. If a man was worthy of his hire, h e was fit to sit at table with the family. He had 11 in the family, fin anced four sons and two son-in-laws into farms. Bought houses for them w hen they married. Daughters (single) had an income for life and then on t heir death, this income was equally divided among his 28 Grandchildren. M oney invested in his daughter´s farms was held in trust to be equally d ivided among their respective families at their death…Grandfather sold a 2 8 acre farm or was a tenant on it to come to New Zealand in 1863 and af ter some years had 6000 acres in South Canterbury and Mid-Canterbury. T wo farms are still in the family. Grandmother was a teacher and a beaut iful sewer.´´
Extracts from a letter written by Agnes Kelly (née Connolly) May 1995 
AUSTIN, James (I119)
 
42 Robert Robertson And Margeret Robertson, of Aberdeenshire in Scotland a nd their six daughters left Glasgow on the 30 May 1860 aboard the ship S S Henrietta, arriving in Dunedin on the 24th September 1860. According t o the Otago Colonist Newspaper it was an eventfull voyage with several d eaths on board on the way due to rampant disease, including Robert Robe rtson as well as nine others. As a result Margeret Robertson and her si x daughters, including Christina Buchan Robertson, who was only 1 year o ld arrived alone on our shores, the legend of which continues in our fa mily today. HENRY, Margeret (I224)
 
43 TEXT: _WEBTAG
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BLYTH, James (I494)
 
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TIPPING, Mary (I228)
 
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KINGDON, Jonathan (I83)
 
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HENWOOD, Rebecca (I84)
 
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KINGDON, Elizabeth (I92)
 
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CLARK, Janet (I1136)
 
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CLARK, James (I1138)
 
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GRAY, Isabel (I1139)
 

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