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Source (S5)
 
2 1564-1855 Source (S19)
 
3 1623? KINGDON, John (2) (I1096)
 
4 According to Census Records George Manson was A School Teacher eventualy rising to the postion of Headmaster in Edinburgh MANSON, George (I530)
 
5 According to Death Cert search 77 years old at death CURRIE, William Purdie (I185)
 
6 According to family information Henry Williams was born on 11 February 1 792; he was baptised on 13 April at Gosport, Hampshire, England. He was t he fifth child and third son of Thomas Williams, a lace manufacturer, a nd his wife, Mary Marsh. His parents were relatively well off until the d eath of his father in 1804. Two years later, at the age of 14, Henry en tered the Royal Navy as a midshipman, with aspirations to be an officer . The nearly 10 years that he spent in the navy were far from easy; con ditions on naval vessels were extremely harsh during the Napoleonic war s. Having seen active service in many parts of the world he was dischar ged from the navy in August 1815 as a lieutenant on half pay. The last c aptain under whom he served noted that he had behaved with diligence an d sobriety.
With the end of the Napoleonic wars unemployment, particularly among ha lfpay lieutenants, was very high; Henry had to find a new vocation. He w orked for a while as a drawing master, but at the same time began to pr epare himself for the mission field. His parents were Dissenters, and l ike many missionaries who came from homes influenced by evangelical Chr istianity, he experienced a gradual conversion rather than a sudden ill umination. From about 1816 he came under the tutelage of his evangelica l brother-in-law, Edward Marsh, a member of the Church Missionary Socie ty and later vicar of Aylesford. But his firm decision to become a miss ionary was probably made after his marriage to Marianne Coldham at Nune ham Courtenay, Oxfordshire, on 20 January 1818.
In 1819 Henry Williams offered his services to the CMS. He was accepted f irst as a lay settler, and then in 1820 as a missionary candidate. Alth ough Marsh thought that he had no 'great proficiency in the Greek and L atin language', he was ordained a priest 'for the cure of souls in his m ajesty's foreign possessions' in 1822. Before leaving for New Zealand h e also took instruction in the practical areas of medicine, weaving, tw ining, basket making, and, during the voyage out, shipbuilding. With Ma rianne and three children he arrived at the Bay of Islands on the Bramp ton on 3 August 1823.
Henry Williams was severely tested during the early months in the Bay o f Islands, as he assumed the leadership of a mission beset by problems. T he CMS mission to New Zealand was nearly 10 years old when he arrived, b ut not a single Maori had been converted. The missionaries were still l argely dependent on the Maori for food and supplies; and under the lead ership of Thomas Kendall and John Butler the mission had been torn apar t by bitter personal disputes.
Having settled himself and his family at Paihia, Henry first attended t o the secular side of the mission. He wanted to reduce the missionaries ' involvement with the trading captains of Kororareka (Russell), to end t heir dependence on the Maori for supplies, and most of all he wanted to s top the musket trade in which the missionaries had been forced to engag e. He quickly imposed regulations on the missionaries' trading, but it w as the completion in 1826, under Henry's direction, of the 50 ton schoo ner Herald that really made the mission independent of local influences .
Meantime Henry had also put his mind to the spiritual aspect of mission ary work. He soon concluded that the mission had placed too much emphas is on 'civilising' the Maori. In this he differed from Samuel Marsden, f ounder of the mission, who had emphasised teaching useful arts and agri culture as a prelude to conversion. Henry argued that the emphasis on s ecular instruction distracted the missionaries from the far more import ant task of bringing the Maori to Christianity. He began to reorganise t he mission so that more time could be devoted to spiritual teaching.
To better carry out this essential task, Henry argued that mission memb ers needed to spend more time learning the Maori language, preaching to t he tribes in the surrounding area, and teaching in the schools on the m ission stations; to do all these things most of the personnel would hav e to be concentrated in one place. Paihia became the headquarters and t here the missionaries began by devoting regular amounts of time to lear ning Maori together. The arrival of Henry's brother William, in 1826, g ave a great impetus to this programme: all members benefited from Willi am's talent for languages. Having more missionaries at one station mean t that they were able to visit the surrounding villages more frequently a nd, as they became proficient in Maori, their preaching was more effect ive. Schooling for Maori children was revitalised under Henry and his w ife, Marianne, and more students attended classes regularly. Working ef fectively together fostered harmonious relations among the missionaries t hemselves; Henry claimed that the Maori noticed their greater unity and p urpose.
Henry Williams's forceful personality and discipline were perhaps as im portant as his policies in reorganising the mission, and these characte ristics also contributed to his growing mana among the Maori. Although h is capacity to comprehend the indigenous culture was severely constrain ed by his evangelical Christianity, his obduracy was in some ways an ad vantage in dealings with the Maori. From the time of his arrival he ref used to be intimidated by the threats and boisterous actions of utu and m uru plundering parties. By the late 1820s he felt confident enough to i ntervene in intertribal disputes and on several occasions was able to n egotiate peace between hostile groups. Such peacemaking was both a caus e and a consequence of his growing prestige among the Maori. Only a per son who was held in regard would be invited to settle a conflict, and i t required even greater mana to be successful. As his personal repute g rew, so did the influence of the mission.
The 1830s were a decade of achievement and progress for Henry Williams a nd the CMS mission. Success could be measured in two ways: increasing n umbers of Maori were baptised, and the Bay of Islands mission was secur e enough to provide a base for expansion throughout the North Island. T here had been occasional baptisms in earlier years, but, beginning in 1 829--30, several Maori adults and children were baptised at Paihia. By 1 842 over 3,000 Maori in the Bay of Islands area had been baptised. No d oubt Maori motives for 'going missionary' were often mixed and there wa s considerable backsliding in later years, but, as Maori conversions in creased, the missionaries were successful, at least in their own terms. T heir growing confidence in the north enabled them to extend their opera tions to the south. Here, too, Henry Williams played a leading role. He m ade several trips to other parts of the North Island to explore the pos sibilities for expansion, and directed the establishment of new mission s. He sent missionaries to begin work at several places in the Waikato d uring the 1830s, his brother William moved to Turanga, in Poverty Bay, a t the end of the decade, and stations were founded as far south as Otak i. By 1840 Henry could look with considerable satisfaction on the achie vements of the CMS mission since his arrival in 1823.
But 1840 was also a year of major changes, both for New Zealand and, al though he did not appreciate it immediately, for Henry Williams. With t he country's annexation by Britain and a growing population of settlers , Henry became embroiled in racial conflict and caught up by forces tha t were beyond his control. Rather than simply ministering to one race, h e was drawn into the increasingly uncomfortable role of mediating betwe en two races.
The ambiguity of his position was apparent at the signing of the Treaty o f Waitangi in 1840. Henry translated the English draft of the treaty in to Maori, and, at the meetings with the Crown's representative, William H obson, at Waitangi, he explained its provisions to Maori leaders. Later h e travelled to the west coast of the North Island, between Wellington a nd Wanganui, and to the Marlborough Sounds to persuade other Maori to s ign the treaty. However, his Maori version of the treaty was not a lite ral translation from the English draft and did not convey clearly the c ession of sovereignty. Moreover, in his discussions with Maori leaders H enry placed the treaty in the best possible light and this, and his man a, were major factors in the treaty's acceptance. Undoubtedly, therefor e, he must bear some of the responsibility for the failure of the Treat y of Waitangi to provide the basis for peaceful settlement and a lastin g understanding between Maori and European.
As Maori-European relations deteriorated in the north in the early 1840 s, Henry Williams tried to maintain peace between the races, as he had d one earlier between tribes. In spite of his efforts the conflict over l and and sovereignty soon moved beyond the possibility of compromise. Ha ving failed to prevent hostilities he assisted the wounded and helped e vacuate the beleaguered settlers when Hone Heke launched a final attack o n Kororareka in 1845. His close association with the Bay of Islands Mao ri produced accusations of disloyalty from Europeans, while the station ing of British troops at the Waimate mission created suspicion in the m inds of some Maori. Other Maori accused him of misleading them in his e xplanations of the treaty. Throughout the conflict, as in later life, H enry asserted that his missionary vocation was paramount and that his p rimary concern was for the Maori, but it was difficult to be single-min ded when he was assailed from all sides.
The arrival of George Grey to begin his first governorship in late 1845 s oon led to Henry Williams's involvement in disputes of another kind. Du ring the 1830s, mostly to provide some security for his growing family, H enry had purchased extensive tracts of land in the Tai-a-mai area, west o f Paihia. In dispatches to the Colonial Office that later became public , Grey questioned the validity of Henry's title to the land and falsely c laimed that the landholdings of the CMS missionaries were a cause of th e war in the north. Henry was obliged to defend his land purchases and, m uch more important as far as he was concerned, his personal integrity a gainst the governor's charges. But he was fighting a losing battle agai nst a more powerful adversary. Henry's superior, Bishop G. A. Selwyn, s ided with Grey, and in 1849 the CMS in London, persuaded by Henry Willi ams's critics, decided that Henry was too much of an embarrassment to r emain a member of the organisation.
His dismissal from the CMS that he had served for so long was a bitter b low to Henry. Within a week of receiving the news in May 1850 he left P aihia and moved to Pakaraka, where his children were farming the land t hat was the source of so much trouble. He was still a priest in the Chu rch of England and Selwyn had made him archdeacon of Waimate in 1844; h e continued to minister and preach to the Maori in his locality and gat hered a considerable congregation around him. The injustice against him w as only partly assuaged when he was reinstated to the CMS in 1854.
Henry Williams's abiding concern for the Maori was apparent in his dist ress at the outbreak of warfare with the Pakeha again in 1860. In priva te correspondence he was critical of the government officials and their p olicies, but he remained largely aloof from the public debate about the w ar. In 1862 he wrote to his brother-in-law, Edward Marsh: 'I feel our w ork is drawing to a close; and were it not for the Maories, I should ha ve relinquished all long since. But I feel bound to them'. After severa l years of deteriorating health, Henry Williams died on 16 July 1867. H is passing was perhaps most keenly felt by the northern Maori among who m he had lived for most of his life.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

According to family information Henry Williams was born on 11 February 1 792; he was baptised on 13 April at Gosport, Hampshire, England. He was t he fifth child and third son of Thomas Williams, a lace manufacturer, a nd his wife, Mary Marsh. His parents were relatively well offuntil the d eath of his father in 1804. Two years later, at the age of14, Henry ent ered the Royal Navy as a midshipman, with aspirations tobe an officer. T he nearly 10 years that he spent in the navy were farfrom easy; conditi ons on naval vessels were extremely harsh during the Napoleonic wars. H aving seen active service in many parts of the world he was discharged f rom the navy in August 1815 as a lieutenant on half pay. The last capta in under whom he served noted that he had behaved with diligence and so briety.
With the end of the Napoleonic wars unemployment, particularly among ha lfpay lieutenants, was very high; Henry had to find a new vocation. He w orked for a while as a drawing master, but at the same time began to pr epare himself for the mission field. His parents were Dissenters,and li ke many missionaries who came from homes influenced by evangelical Chri stianity, he experienced a gradual conversion rather than a sudden illu mination. From about 1816 he came under the tutelage of his evangelical b rother-in-law, Edward Marsh, a member of the Church Missionary Society a nd later vicar of Aylesford. But his firm decision to become a missiona ry was probably made after his marriage to Marianne Coldham at Nuneham C ourtenay, Oxfordshire, on 20 January 1818.
In 1819 Henry Williams offered his services to the CMS. He was accepted f irst as a lay settler, and then in 1820 as a missionary candidate.Altho ugh Marsh thought that he had no 'great proficiency in the Greekand Lat in language', he was ordained a priest 'for the cure of souls in his ma jesty's foreign possessions' in 1822. Before leaving for New Zealand he a lso took instruction in the practical areas of medicine, weaving, twini ng, basket making, and, during the voyage out, shipbuilding. With Maria nne and three children he arrived at the Bay of Islands on the Brampton o n 3 August 1823.
Henry Williams was severely tested during the early months in the Bayof I slands, as he assumed the leadership of a mission beset by problems. Th e CMS mission to New Zealand was nearly 10 years old when he arrived, b ut not a single Maori had been converted. The missionaries werestill la rgely dependent on the Maori for food and supplies; and underthe leader ship of Thomas Kendall and John Butler the mission had beentorn apart b y bitter personal disputes.
Having settled himself and his family at Paihia, Henry first attendedto t he secular side of the mission. He wanted to reduce the missionaries' i nvolvement with the trading captains of Kororareka (Russell), toend the ir dependence on the Maori for supplies, and most of all he wanted to s top the musket trade in which the missionaries had been forced to engag e. He quickly imposed regulations on the missionaries' trading, but it w as the completion in 1826, under Henry's direction, of the 50 ton schoo ner Herald that really made the mission independent of local influences .
Meantime Henry had also put his mind to the spiritual aspect of mission ary work. He soon concluded that the mission had placed too much emphas is on 'civilising' the Maori. In this he differed from Samuel Marsden, f ounder of the mission, who had emphasised teaching useful arts and agri culture as a prelude to conversion. Henry argued that the emphasis on s ecular instruction distracted the missionaries from the far more import ant task of bringing the Maori to Christianity. He began to reorganise t he mission so that more time could be devoted to spiritual teaching.
To better carry out this essential task, Henry argued that mission memb ers needed to spend more time learning the Maori language, preachingto t he tribes in the surrounding area, and teaching in the schools onthe mi ssion stations; to do all these things most of the personnel would have t o be concentrated in one place. Paihia became the headquarters and ther e the missionaries began by devoting regular amounts of time to learnin g Maori together. The arrival of Henry's brother William,in 1826, gave a g reat impetus to this programme: all members benefited from William's ta lent for languages. Having more missionaries at one station meant that t hey were able to visit the surrounding villagesmore frequently and, as t hey became proficient in Maori, their preaching was more effective. Sch ooling for Maori children was revitalised under Henry and his wife, Mar ianne, and more students attended classes regularly. Working effectivel y together fostered harmonious relations among the missionaries themsel ves; Henry claimed that the Maori noticed their greater unity and purpo se.
Henry Williams's forceful personality and discipline were perhaps as im portant as his policies in reorganising the mission, and these characte ristics also contributed to his growing mana among the Maori. Although h is capacity to comprehend the indigenous culture was severely constrain ed by his evangelical Christianity, his obduracy was in some ways an ad vantage in dealings with the Maori. From the time of his arrival he ref used to be intimidated by the threats and boisterous actions of utu and m uru plundering parties. By the late 1820s he felt confident enough to i ntervene in intertribal disputes and on several occasions was able to n egotiate peace between hostile groups. Such peacemaking was both a caus e and a consequence of his growing prestige among the Maori. Only a per son who was held in regard would be invited to settle a conflict, and i t required even greater mana to be successful. Ashis personal repute gr ew, so did the influence of the mission.
The 1830s were a decade of achievement and progress for Henry Williams a nd the CMS mission. Success could be measured in two ways: increasing n umbers of Maori were baptised, and the Bay of Islands mission wassecure e nough to provide a base for expansion throughout the North Island. Ther e had been occasional baptisms in earlier years, but, beginning in 1829 --30, several Maori adults and children were baptised at Paihia. By 184 2 over 3,000 Maori in the Bay of Islands area had been baptised. No dou bt Maori motives for 'going missionary' were often mixed and there was c onsiderable backsliding in later years, but, as Maori conversions incre ased, the missionaries were successful, at least in their own terms. Th eir growing confidence in the north enabled them to extend their operat ions to the south. Here, too, Henry Williams playeda leading role. He m ade several trips to other parts of the North Island to explore the pos sibilities for expansion, and directed the establishment of new mission s. He sent missionaries to begin work at several places in the Waikato d uring the 1830s, his brother William moved to Turanga, in Poverty Bay, a t the end of the decade, and stations were founded as far south as Otak i. By 1840 Henry could look with considerable satisfaction on the achie vements of the CMS mission since his arrival in 1823.
But 1840 was also a year of major changes, both for New Zealand and, al though he did not appreciate it immediately, for Henry Williams. With t he country's annexation by Britain and a growing population of settlers , Henry became embroiled in racial conflict and caught up by forces tha t were beyond his control. Rather than simply ministering to onerace, h e was drawn into the increasingly uncomfortable role of mediating betwe en two races.
The ambiguity of his position was apparent at the signing of the Treaty o f Waitangi in 1840. Henry translated the English draft of the treaty in to Maori, and, at the meetings with the Crown's representative, William H obson, at Waitangi, he explained its provisions to Maori leaders. Later h e travelled to the west coast of the North Island, between Wellington a nd Wanganui, and to the Marlborough Sounds to persuade other Maori to s ign the treaty. However, his Maori version of the treaty was not a lite ral translation from the English draft and did not convey clearly the c ession of sovereignty. Moreover, in his discussions with Maori leaders H enry placed the treaty in the best possible light and this, and his man a, were major factors in the treaty's acceptance. Undoubtedly, therefor e, he must bear some of the responsibility for the failure of the Treat y of Waitangi to provide the basis for peacefulsettlement and a lasting u nderstanding between Maori and European.
As Maori-European relations deteriorated in the north in the early 1840 s, Henry Williams tried to maintain peace between the races, as he had d one earlier between tribes. In spite of his efforts the conflict over l and and sovereignty soon moved beyond the possibility of compromise. Ha ving failed to prevent hostilities he assisted the wounded and helped e vacuate the beleaguered settlers when Hone Heke launched a final attack o n Kororareka in 1845. His close association with the Bay ofIslands Maor i produced accusations of disloyalty from Europeans, while the stationi ng of British troops at the Waimate mission created suspicion in the mi nds of some Maori. Other Maori accused him of misleading them in his ex planations of the treaty. Throughout the conflict, asin later life, Hen ry asserted that his missionary vocation was paramount and that his pri mary concern was for the Maori, but it was difficult to be single-minde d when he was assailed from all sides.
The arrival of George Grey to begin his first governorship in late 1845 s oon led to Henry Williams's involvement in disputes of another kind. Du ring the 1830s, mostly to provide some security for his growing family, H enry had purchased extensive tracts of land in the Tai-a-mai area, west o f Paihia. In dispatches to the Colonial Office that later became public , Grey questioned the validity of Henry's title to the land and falsely c laimed that the landholdings of the CMS missionaries were a cause of th e war in the north. Henry was obliged to defend his land purchases and, m uch more important as far as he was concerned, hispersonal integrity ag ainst the governor's charges. But he was fighting a losing battle again st a more powerful adversary. Henry's superior, Bishop G. A. Selwyn, si ded with Grey, and in 1849 the CMS in London, persuaded by Henry Willia ms's critics, decided that Henry was too much of an embarrassment to re main a member of the organisation.
His dismissal from the CMS that he had served for so long was a bitter b low to Henry. Within a week of receiving the news in May 1850 he left P aihia and moved to Pakaraka, where his children were farming the land t hat was the source of so much trouble. He was still a priest in the Chu rch of England and Selwyn had made him archdeacon of Waimate in1844; he c ontinued to minister and preach to the Maori in his locality and gather ed a considerable congregation around him. The injustice against him wa s only partly assuaged when he was reinstated to the CMSin 1854.
Henry Williams's abiding concern for the Maori was apparent in his dist ress at the outbreak of warfare with the Pakeha again in 1860. In priva te correspondence he was critical of the government officials and their p olicies, but he remained largely aloof from the public debate about the w ar. In 1862 he wrote to his brother-in-law, Edward Marsh: 'I feel our w ork is drawing to a close; and were it not for the Maories,I should hav e relinquished all long since. But I feel bound to them'.After several y ears of deteriorating health, Henry Williams died on 16 July 1867. His p assing was perhaps most keenly felt by the northernMaori among whom he h ad lived for most of his life. 
WILLIAMS, Henry (I122)
 
7 According to family information William Williams was born at Plumtre Ho use, Nottingham, England, on 18 July 1800, the ninth and youngest child o f Mary Marsh and her husband, Thomas Williams. He was baptised on 30 Oc tober 1800. Thomas Williams was of Welsh descent, a hosier by trade and a m an of substance in Nottingham. He was a Dissenter, but never accepted t he Unitarian doctrine so strongly propounded in Nottingham's chapels du ring the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He died of typhoid w hen William was three. After an unsuccessful attempt to carry on the ho siery business Mary Williams moved with her younger children to Southwe ll, Nottinghamshire, where she began a school for young ladies.
In 1813 the marriage of William's sister, Lydia, to their cousin Edward G arrard Marsh brought the family under the influence of this evangelical c lergyman. Marsh interested Henry, one of William's older brothers, in t he work of the Church Missionary Society, which in turn affected Willia m. Another consequence was that members of the Williams family turned f rom nonconformity to the Church of England. This dissenting, evangelica l background considerably influenced the two missionary brothers and wa s shared by their wives, making them opponents of all later high church p ractices within the Anglican church.
William Williams was educated at a small dame school and at Southwell G rammar School. He completed an apprenticeship to a Southwell surgeon be fore entering Magdalen Hall (later Hertford College), Oxford, in 1822, a s a prospective CMS trainee, under the special care of its evangelical p rincipal, Dr John Macbride. He came down from Oxford in 1824 with a BA i n Classics, and the same year was ordained deacon, on 26 September, and p riest, on 19 December. At the beginning of 1825 he was at the CMS Train ing College, Islington, London.
From the outset of his missionary training there had been a tacit agree ment with the CMS that he should follow his brother, Henry, to New Zeal and. During a fund raising tour of the Midlands news of his imminent de parture reached William and hurried along marriage plans. At Sheffield, o n 11 July 1825, he married Jane Nelson of Newark, Nottinghamshire, and o n 12 August they embarked on the Sir George Osborne. After a three mont h stay at Sydney they landed at Paihia, Bay of Islands, on 25 March 182 6. Between 1826 and 1846 they had nine children, all born in New Zealan d.
At Paihia William Williams was in charge of the English boys' school an d, until the arrival of Samuel Ford in 1837, was the mission doctor. Hi s early fluency in spoken Maori was noted by Henry Williams: 'HeÉappear s not to learn it; but it seems to flow naturally from him'. In Septemb er 1826 he began the first serious, sustained effort to produce the Scr iptures in Maori. By the end of 1837 he had completed the whole of the N ew Testament and the greater part of the Book of Common Prayer
In May 1835 the English boys' school was relocated at Waimate North, wh ich became William's second station. He had already made several missio nary journeys, some of them most important. In December 1833 and Januar y 1834 he had gone by schooner to the East Cape and Mahia peninsula, ac companied by William Yate, to return Ngati Porou Maori captured by raid ing Nga Puhi. (These people were to become the forerunners of the CMS E ast Coast mission.) Between July and November 1834 he had travelled ove rland to the Thames and Waikato regions, accompanied by Alfred Nesbit B rown. In January 1838, with William Colenso, Richard Matthews and James S tack, he made an overland journey from East Cape to Turanga, Poverty Ba y. He was determined that a CMS missionary be stationed on the East Coa st, and 'when Richard Taylor, who had travelled with him on another vis it there from March to May 1839, agreed to take over the Waimate school , he and Jane left for Turanga on 31 December 1839.
Apart from a visit to England during 1851--52 to vindicate the New Zeal and mission and his brother, William Williams remained based at the Tur anga mission station from 20 January 1840 to 3 April 1865. For many yea rs he was the only ordained CMS missionary in the church's eastern dist rict, walking north to East Cape, south to Hawke's Bay and inland to Wa ikaremoana as part of a regular visiting schedule. He made occasional o verland journeys to Wellington and to St John's College, Auckland. Selw yn inducted him as archdeacon of the East Cape on 27 November 1842, and o n 3 April 1859 consecrated him bishop of Waiapu, a diocese which initia lly had a predominantly Maori character. (On his English visit a doctor ate of canon law from Oxford had been conferred on him.)
In April 1857, having come to realise that the training of a Maori past orate was his main job, William Williams moved from the first mission s ite at Manutuke (at Kaupapa between 1840 and 1844, and then at Whakato) , to locate his Maori training schools and his residence at Waerenga-a- hika, a few miles inland, where there was more land available for a mis sion farm. After leaving Turanga in 1865 he stayed for two years at Pai hia where he began another training school at Horotutu. There he wrote C hristianity among the New Zealanders , published in London in 1867 and i ntended as an apologia for the CMS mission in New Zealand. At the end o f May 1867 he moved to Napier and the following year into his final res idence, Hukarere, on Napier hill. An agreement between Bishops G. A. Se lwyn and C. J. Abraham had added Hawke's Bay to the Waiapu diocese, and W illiam was anxious to make Te Aute estate (set aside for educational pu rposes by his nephew and son-in-law, Samuel Williams) the site of his c entral diocesan school. In July 1875 he also established the Hukarere s chool for Maori girls, close by his own home. His daughter, Anna Maria, w as principal. On 9 February 1878 he died at Hukarere. His land at Napie r was worth nearly £9,000, and he left other property at Kerikeri, Taur anga and Gisborne.
William Williams once described his missionary life as 'like the unbrok en course of a parish schoolmaster. A great deal of work, but most of i t of the same character'. With his Maori converts he regularly 'read an d conversed', but apart from his knowledge of the language he showed li ttle interest in Maori culture and disapproved of most Maori social cus toms. Nevertheless his influence among his mission Maori, to whom he wa s known as Parata (Brother), was considerable. He generally found that ' a little quiet expostulation' settled differences between Maori and mis sionary. His colleagues found him kindly, easy to get along with and 'a g entleman', but when his principles were crossed, either by Bishop Selwy n or by the CMS secretaries in London, he was adamant and resolute. His d ecision to quit Waerenga-a-hika in 1865, when it was threatened by a sm all band of Hauhau who fraternised with his Turanga Maori, appears to h ave been influenced not so much by the admonishments of Selwyn and memb ers of his family, as by William's own determination to withdraw his pr esence and his mana from those who were prepared to entertain 'false go ds'.
His attitude to colonisation and to the New Zealand wars changed as he g rew older. In 1840 he collected signatures to the Treaty of Waitangi, a nd later defended its land guarantee against threats by settlers and Br itish authorities. He was critical of the Waitara purchase, but thought t hat the wisest course was for the government to subjugate 'rebel' Maori ; 'salutary chastisement' would bring them to their senses. Later he re vised that opinion: 'All this war down to the present time [1868] has s prung out of WaitaraÉ. As a community and as a government we have been p uffed up, first with an idea that we were in the right, & secondly that w e were able to put down the natives by our own strengthÉ. We are now br ought very low.' Land confiscation, he came to think, was particularly u njust. For years he had regarded Turanga as a missionary enclave; retur ning there from England in 1853 he disapproved of the attempt made by h is locum, T. S. Grace, to introduce European trading practices.
As a steady, conscientious teacher William Williams was neither too upl ifted by the apparent missionary success of the 1830s and 1840s, nor to o dismayed by the massive falling away of the 1850s and 1860s. All thro ugh his missionary life he kept revising the Maori New Testament and Bo ok of Common Prayer. In 1844 he was with the 'Translation Syndicate' at W aimate, but mostly he worked alone, conferring from time to time with R obert Maunsell. His enduring memorial is A dictionary of the New Zealan d language , first published at Paihia in 1844. The second edition was a lso his work, the third and fourth that of his son, Bishop William Leon ard Williams, and the fifth, of his grandson, Bishop Herbert William Wi lliams.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

According to family information William Williams was born at Plumtre Ho use, Nottingham, England, on 18 July 1800, the ninth and youngest child o f Mary Marsh and her husband, Thomas Williams. He was baptised on30 Oct ober 1800. Thomas Williams was of Welsh descent, a hosier by trade and a m an of substance in Nottingham. He was a Dissenter, but never accepted t he Unitarian doctrine so strongly propounded in Nottingham's chapels du ring the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He died of typhoid w hen William was three. After an unsuccessful attempt to carry on the ho siery business Mary Williams moved with her younger children to Southwe ll, Nottinghamshire, where she began a school for young ladies.
In 1813 the marriage of William's sister, Lydia, to their cousin Edward G arrard Marsh brought the family under the influence of this evangelical c lergyman. Marsh interested Henry, one of William's older brothers, in t he work of the Church Missionary Society, which in turn affected Willia m. Another consequence was that members of the Williams family turned f rom nonconformity to the Church of England. This dissenting, evangelica l background considerably influenced the two missionary brothers and wa s shared by their wives, making them opponents of all later high church p ractices within the Anglican church.
William Williams was educated at a small dame school and at SouthwellGr ammar School. He completed an apprenticeship to a Southwell surgeonbefo re entering Magdalen Hall (later Hertford College), Oxford, in 1822, as a p rospective CMS trainee, under the special care of its evangelical princ ipal, Dr John Macbride. He came down from Oxford in 1824 with a BA in C lassics, and the same year was ordained deacon, on 26 September, and pr iest, on 19 December. At the beginning of 1825 he was at the CMS Traini ng College, Islington, London.
From the outset of his missionary training there had been a tacit agree ment with the CMS that he should follow his brother, Henry, to New Zeal and. During a fund raising tour of the Midlands news of his imminent de parture reached William and hurried along marriage plans. At Sheffield, o n 11 July 1825, he married Jane Nelson of Newark, Nottinghamshire, and o n 12 August they embarked on the Sir George Osborne. After athree month s tay at Sydney they landed at Paihia, Bay of Islands, on 25 March 1826. B etween 1826 and 1846 they had nine children, all born in New Zealand.
At Paihia William Williams was in charge of the English boys' school an d, until the arrival of Samuel Ford in 1837, was the mission doctor.His e arly fluency in spoken Maori was noted by Henry Williams: 'HeÉappears n ot to learn it; but it seems to flow naturally from him'. In September 1 826 he began the first serious, sustained effort to produce the Scriptu res in Maori. By the end of 1837 he had completed the whole of the New T estament and the greater part of the Book of Common Prayer
In May 1835 the English boys' school was relocated at Waimate North, wh ich became William's second station. He had already made several missio nary journeys, some of them most important. In December 1833 and Januar y 1834 he had gone by schooner to the East Cape and Mahia peninsula, ac companied by William Yate, to return Ngati Porou Maori captured by raid ing Nga Puhi. (These people were to become the forerunners of the CMS E ast Coast mission.) Between July and November 1834 he had travelled ove rland to the Thames and Waikato regions, accompanied by Alfred Nesbit B rown. In January 1838, with William Colenso, Richard Matthews and James S tack, he made an overland journey from East Cape to Turanga, Poverty Ba y. He was determined that a CMS missionary be stationedon the East Coas t, and 'when Richard Taylor, who had travelled with him on another visi t there from March to May 1839, agreed to take over the Waimate school, h e and Jane left for Turanga on 31 December 1839.
Apart from a visit to England during 1851--52 to vindicate the New Zeal and mission and his brother, William Williams remained based at the Tur anga mission station from 20 January 1840 to 3 April 1865. For manyyear s he was the only ordained CMS missionary in the church's easterndistri ct, walking north to East Cape, south to Hawke's Bay and inlandto Waika remoana as part of a regular visiting schedule. He made occasional over land journeys to Wellington and to St John's College, Auckland. Selwyn i nducted him as archdeacon of the East Cape on 27 November 1842, and on 3 A pril 1859 consecrated him bishop of Waiapu, a diocese which initially h ad a predominantly Maori character. (On his English visit a doctorate o f canon law from Oxford had been conferred on him.)
In April 1857, having come to realise that the training of a Maori past orate was his main job, William Williams moved from the first mission s ite at Manutuke (at Kaupapa between 1840 and 1844, and then at Whakato) , to locate his Maori training schools and his residence at Waerenga-a- hika, a few miles inland, where there was more land available for a mis sion farm. After leaving Turanga in 1865 he stayed for two years at Pai hia where he began another training school at Horotutu. Therehe wrote C hristianity among the New Zealanders , published in London in 1867 and i ntended as an apologia for the CMS mission in New Zealand. At the end o f May 1867 he moved to Napier and the following year into his final res idence, Hukarere, on Napier hill. An agreement betweenBishops G. A. Sel wyn and C. J. Abraham had added Hawke's Bay to the Waiapu diocese, and W illiam was anxious to make Te Aute estate (set aside for educational pu rposes by his nephew and son-in-law, Samuel Williams) the site of his c entral diocesan school. In July 1875 he also established the Hukarere s chool for Maori girls, close by his own home. His daughter, Anna Maria, w as principal. On 9 February 1878 he died at Hukarere. His land at Napie r was worth nearly £9,000, and he left other property at Kerikeri, Taur anga and Gisborne.
William Williams once described his missionary life as 'like the unbrok en course of a parish schoolmaster. A great deal of work, but most of i t of the same character'. With his Maori converts he regularly 'read an d conversed', but apart from his knowledge of the language he showed li ttle interest in Maori culture and disapproved of most Maori social cus toms. Nevertheless his influence among his mission Maori, to whom he wa s known as Parata (Brother), was considerable. He generally found that ' a little quiet expostulation' settled differences between Maori and mis sionary. His colleagues found him kindly, easy to get alongwith and 'a g entleman', but when his principles were crossed, either by Bishop Selwy n or by the CMS secretaries in London, he was adamant and resolute. His d ecision to quit Waerenga-a-hika in 1865, when it wasthreatened by a sma ll band of Hauhau who fraternised with his TurangaMaori, appears to hav e been influenced not so much by the admonishments of Selwyn and member s of his family, as by William's own determination to withdraw his pres ence and his mana from those who were preparedto entertain 'false gods' .
His attitude to colonisation and to the New Zealand wars changed as he g rew older. In 1840 he collected signatures to the Treaty of Waitangi, a nd later defended its land guarantee against threats by settlers and Br itish authorities. He was critical of the Waitara purchase, but thought t hat the wisest course was for the government to subjugate 'rebel' Maori ; 'salutary chastisement' would bring them to their senses. Later he re vised that opinion: 'All this war down to the present time [1868] has s prung out of WaitaraÉ. As a community and as a government we have been p uffed up, first with an idea that we were in the right,& secondly that w e were able to put down the natives by our own strengthÉ. We are now br ought very low.' Land confiscation, he came to think, was particularly u njust. For years he had regarded Turanga as a missionary enclave; retur ning there from England in 1853 he disapproved of the attempt made by h is locum, T. S. Grace, to introduce European trading practices.
As a steady, conscientious teacher William Williams was neither too upl ifted by the apparent missionary success of the 1830s and 1840s, nortoo d ismayed by the massive falling away of the 1850s and 1860s. All through h is missionary life he kept revising the Maori New Testament and Book of C ommon Prayer. In 1844 he was with the 'Translation Syndicate' at Waimat e, but mostly he worked alone, conferring from time to time with Robert M aunsell. His enduring memorial is A dictionary of the New Zealand langu age , first published at Paihia in 1844. The second edition was also hi s work, the third and fourth that of his son, BishopWilliam Leonard Wil liams, and the fifth, of his grandson, Bishop Herbert William Williams. 
WILLIAMS, William (I27)
 
8 Address: home DUNN, Thomas (I184)
 
9 Address: MetlifeCare Village
Address: MetlifeCare Village 
AUSTIN, Carroll Dorothy (I14)
 
10 Address: Mornington Parish Dunedin Family F4
 
11 Address: Office of the Registrar of Marriages Family F31
 
12 Address: Resisdence of John H Harrison, Majoribanks St Family F72
 
13 Ancestry.com. London, England, Freedom of the City Admission Papers, 1681-1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Freedom admissions papers, 1681 – 1925. London, England: London Metropolitan Archives. COL/CHD/FR/02. 
Source (S101)
 
14 Ancestry.com. New Zealand Army WWI Nominal Rolls, 1914-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Source (S98)
 
15 Before the Plantation of Ulster, the area of Crawfordsburn was known as Ballymullan (Irish: Baile Ui Mhaoláin). Crawfordsburn originated in the 17th century as a small settlement on an important routeway along North Down. It was named after a stream which flows through the village. It has retained elements of its 17th-century history along its Main Street including the coaching inn. The Sharman-Crawford family developed the village in the 18th and 19th centuries. Crawfordsburn was promoted as a Victorian tourist attraction, particularly for those visitors using the railway to nearby Helens Bay.
Source: Wikipedia 
LOWRY, Susan (I260)
 
16 Benjamin Maclean emigrated to New Zealand with his family departing fro m London in 1860 on the SS Rob Roy. Their youngest child Blanche remain ed in England and was adopted by John and Mary Maclean. Geoffrey, son o f Thomas Every Maclean accompanied them on the voyage.
Benjamin was appointed Auditor-General of Public Accounts for the Provi nce of Auckland, on 15 January 1863. Several other appointments followe d, including Justice of the Peace. With his brother Every, he undertook e xtensive farming operations in the Tamaki District.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Benjamin Maclean emigrated to New Zealand with his family departing fro m London in 1860 on the SS Rob Roy. Their youngest child Blanche remain ed in England and was adopted by John and Mary Maclean. Geoffrey, son o f Thomas Every Maclean accompanied them on the voyage.
Benjamin was appointed Auditor-General of Public Accounts for the Provi nce of Auckland, on 15 January 1863. Several other appointments followe d, including Justice of the Peace. With his brother Every, he undertook e xtensive farming operations in the Tamaki District. 
MACLEAN, Benjamin (I50)
 
17 Christopher came to New Zealand with his family in 1860 on the SS 'Rob R oy'. He was . educated at St John's College, Auckland, then joined the I nspector's Office of the Bank of New Zealand in Auckland in 1871. He wa s subsequently Accountant for the Bank at Napier and then successively a gent and relieving officer at Russell, Wairoa, Kaikoura South, Rakaia, F oxton, Waipawa and Gore. He was appointed Manager of the Palmerston Nor th branch in July 1895 and whilst there he and Ellen were both active m embers of All Saints' Church. Christopher was a member of the vestry an d the choir and secretary of the local St Barnabas Association while El len was described as being 'greatly to the fore in all benevolent works '. When they left Christopher was presented by the choir and officers w ith a handsome pair of carvers as a token of esteem and affection . His f inal posting was as Manager of the Bank at Napier, from which he retire d in 1907.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Christopher came to New Zealand with his family in 1860 on the SS 'Rob R oy'. He was . educated at St John's College, Auckland, then joinedthe I nspector's Office of the Bank of New Zealand in Auckland in 1871. He wa s subsequently Accountant for the Bank at Napier and then successively a gent and relieving officer at Russell, Wairoa, Kaikoura South, Rakaia, F oxton, Waipawa and Gore. He was appointed Manager of the Palmerston Nor th branch in July 1895 and whilst there he and Ellen wereboth active me mbers of All Saints' Church. Christopher was a member of the vestry and t he choir and secretary of the local St Barnabas Association while Ellen w as described as being 'greatly to the fore in all benevolent works'. Wh en they left Christopher was presented by the choir and officers with a h andsome pair of carvers as a token of esteem and affection . His final p osting was as Manager of the Bank at Napier, from which he retired in 1 907. 
MACLEAN, Christopher Haydon (I49)
 
18 Educated at Wanganui Collegiate School. Farmed Harekeke, 500 Coastal pr operty near Wanganui BLYTH, Harrison David (I7)
 
19 Emigrated to America in 1847.
Obituary: " Died. On the last day of March, 1873, in the town of Winneconne, Mrs. Maria Lean. Her life reached beyond the allotted three score years and ten. She was born in the year 1800 in County Cornwall, Eng., Parish of Blisland. In the year 1847 she came to this country with her husband who survives her at a ripe old age. On coming to the United States they settled in Jefferson Co. Wis., where they lived until about eight years ago when they removed to Ball Prairie. There her life was passed in peace and quietness, surrounded by sons and daughters to administer to her. A numerous family of two sons and seven daughters still live to cherish the memory of their mother. Baptized in infancy, and confirmed at a suitable age as a member of the Church of England, her exemplary life testified to the last, her trust in that form of saving faith." 
LEAN, Maria (I950)
 
20 From the Griffith Evalutions of Ireland it would appear that James Austin and James Shanks lived in the samlearea, right next door to each other SHANKS, James (I307)
 
21 From: Christine Clement
Subject: Moore HUNTER
Date: Tue, 26 Jul 2005 20:55:07 +1200

Moore HUNTER was born in Scotland and died Hawera 3 February 1897 aged
62years i.e.born c. 1835.
His father was Alexander and mother Margaret? He married Mary Murray.
Don't know about connection to this Robert Gibson Hunter?

Christine Clement
Te Puke (Kiwifruit Capital of the World)
New Zealand
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~sooty
cmclement@clear.net.nz
List Manager for Ballinger-UK, Boulcott, Shand, and Audas on Rootsweb.com

Death of Mr. Moore Hunter.
Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3462, 3 February 1897, Page 2
Death of Mr. Moore Hunter.

We regret having to record the death of Mr Moore Hunter, which occurred at his residence this morning about halfpast six. It is pretty generally known Mr Hunter had been in more or less feeble health for some time past, an attack of pleurisy having resulted in a complication of diseases from which latterly it was hardly hoped he would rally. Indeed, during the past few days his hold on life was most precarious, though friends who knew little of his real condition, but relied on the wonderful recuperatve power he had from time to time shown, hoped that he might be again seen about. However, the end came, as stated this morning. Mr Hunter was a colonist of very old standing. He was born in the village of Braidwood, Lanarkshire, but at an early age the sturdy independence which he showed in later years began to develope, and he emigrated to Canada, and after a visit to Scotland again went out, but in time the more genial climate of New Zealand attracted him. The oldest settlers on the coast remember him at Kai Iwi, where in the days of native troubles he had to bear his part with his fellow settlers, and we believe, though we are not quite certain, that he was a member of the Kai Iwi troop, wich which the Hon. John Bryce was assooiatad. Later on Mr Hunter had a farm at Waitotara now occupied by Mr William Parsons, which he sold and came on to Hawera. This must have been early in the seventies, and just at that time Hawera was being re-settled after Titokowaru's war. The land about here had been divided up into small sections and military settlers were encouraged to settle, privates getting 50 acre scrip and officers larger. But a large slice of land running to the southward and westward of the present town site had been marked off as a railway reserve, and this the Government determined to sell. Mr Hunter, among others, was a purchaser at the sale, acquiring sections which formed the nucleus of the present fine estate of Burnside, whereon he made his home, reared his family, and has now died. It was like the other unoccupied land, fern and tutu, and in a rough state, and its present condition, in which it is perhaps one of the best cultivated, clean, and most productive farms on the coast is a tribute to the energy and hard work and persevarance of this pioneer settler. During his long residence in the district Mr Hunter built up a reputation as a careful, good farmer, liberal in his ideas of how to treat land and breed stock the success of which policy has been often shown in the show rings of the Egmont, Wanganui, Palmerston North, and other agricultural and pastoral societies. For many years fellow settlers were glad to get the benefit of his business shrewdness and experience on local bodies, and he was successively a member of the Patea County Council, Hawera Road Board, and Hawera County Council ; while as to the A. and P. Society he wss not only in evidence at show time, but a valued officer from the inception of this institution. All movements which he considered for the solid advantage and prosperity of the district be was a supporter of, and was ready to help both with purse and work. Of the Presbyterian Church he was a consistent member and a great helper ; none knew his worth and his liberality better, perhaps, than those associated with him in that Communion ; and all bodies which sought to promote the social and moral well-being of the people were ever sure of help from him. Privately, there was no man whom one would be less disposed to approach had he a weak case ; or more ready, if he had a case really deserving of help. Mr Hunter had the power and courage of discrimination; qualities much rarer than they should be for the well being of the community. As to colonial politics, he never sought any public office, but his interest was keen and his feelings strong. Mr Hunter leaves a widow and family of eight (and several brothers and other relatives) to mourn him, and the district, which in a wide sense is a loser by his death, will sympathise with them in their loss.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3462, 3 February 1897, Page 2

The Late Mr Moore Hunter.

MEMORIAL SERVICE. A funeral service in connection with the death of the late Mr Moore Hunter was conducted on Sunday morning at the Presbyterian Church by the Rev. T. McDonald. The pulpit wis draped in black, and hymns appropriate to the occasion were sung. Mr McDonald chose for his text the words " And I heard a voice from Heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours ; and their works do follow them."- Revelation XIV- IB. The address throughout was solemn and impressive, and listened to with great interest by the large congregation present. Referring particularly to the loss the church had sustained by the demise of their late friend and brother he said they knew he had been long interested in this charge - in fact since its beginning he had been foremost in every good word and work; they had almost come to think that his wise counsel and generous help were indispensible to the carrying on of the work. In every department of it his loss would be most keenly felt. Until a few months ago he had conducted a class in the Sabbath School and he always manifested the deepest interest in all that pertained to the moral and spiritual well-being of the young. When any effort was made on be half of their church, on behalf of Foreign Missions or indeed on behalf of any needy object he was always to the front. There were many beautiful traits in his life. There was a spontaneity about his Christian services that they should long remember and long value. He also carried out, as the speaker had seen few do, the words of the Lord Jesus Christ, " Let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth." Ostentation and parade were unknown to him. After speaking of deceased's religious life, Mr McDonald said the loss created by his death to his wife and family was an irreparable one, and the loss to their church was great ; the loss also to many whom he befriended in times of difficulty was great. Mr McDonald added that personally he had lost a wise counsellor and a true friend - one whose words were valuable to him when cast down by reason of the hardness of the world. But while they recognised his loss as irreparable they had another and a brighter side to the picture, for to him to die was a glorious gain and a deliverance from tbe groanings of earth to the songs of Heaven ; from great bodily weakness to the strength that characterises those who have entered the Celestial City. What a change; what a blessed change! They should miss him sadly, and he appealed to members of the congregation to fill the breach in church work his death had occasioned. Of him he thought it might truly be said, "He hath done what he could." Mr McDonald concluded by imploring God's comfort and hope to the bereaved widow and family.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3466, 8 February 1897, Page 2

COUNTY CHAIRMEN.

HAWERA.

The annual meeting of the Hawera County Council was held yesterday, for the election of a Chairman for the year. There were present -Messrs Moore Hunter (chairman), A. C. Milne, Finlayeon, and Partridge. Mr. Milne proposed that Mr. Hunter be re-elected Chairman, and remarked that Mr. Hunter lived near town, which was a great convenience, but apart from that he had conducted the affairs of the County admirably, and a better man could not be obtained. Mr. Hunter desired to be.relieved of office, and suggested the election of Councillor Yorke. Mr. Partridge also eulogised Mr. Hunter, and, after persuasion, Mr. Hunter was induced to accept office again, and was then duly elected. It was resolved to hold a special meeting on Thursday, 6th December, in place of the ordinary meeting on the Ist inst.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume IV, Issue 662, 29 November 1883, Page 2 
HUNTER, Moore (I207)
 
22 GEDCOM file submitted by One World Tree. Imported on 3 August 2013.
GEDCOM file, One World Tree.

Not sure of accuracy as from People submitted trees with no attached so urces 
Source (S89)
 
23 General Register Office, England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, London, England: General Register Office Source (S14)
 
24 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/pioneer.htm MURRAY, Mary (I206)
 
25 http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dunn-2040 DUNN, Alice Stewart (I18)
 
26 In 1161, the MacLean tribe transplanted from the province of Moray in Scotland. The head of the clan was Gillean of the Battle of Ax. Gillian lived during the reign of Alexander IIIL. Gillean had a son named Gilliemore; who in turn had a son named John. John had two sons; Lachlan Lubanach MacLean, the proprietor of Duart and Hector Regenach MacLean the proprietor of Lochberg. Initially the MacLean brothers were followers of the Lord of Lorn, but after a disagreement they switched loyalties and followed the Lord of Isles. Due to distinction in the service for this Lord, they were given large tracts of land on the Island of Mull. In 1366 Lachlan married the Lord's daughter, while Hector was Lieutenant General of the army of the Lord of Isles. By 1493 the MacLeans' owned Mull and Teres Islands and parts of Jura, Islay and Scarvia.

By this time the MacLeans were divided into four clans. The strongest of the four were the descendents of Lachlan. Caroline M. C. Lean was a descendent of the Lachlan branch. This branch was known as the MacLeans of Duart. By 1579 the branches of the clan were feuding. The Lachlan MacLean at that time captured the castle of Hector MacLean of Coll. From 1579-81 Lachlan was in constant warfare. In a feud he killed MacDonald of Dungoey. He had Hector MacLean beheaded. He also imprisoned Donald MacLean and had nine other men and two women murdered. As a byproduct of this butchery he was knighted. In 1594 he fought gallantly in the battle of Glenlivet. Finally in 1598 he fought in a dreadful clan war and was slain.

By 1600 the branches of the MacLean's at Duart were scattered. Charles MacLean moved to Drimin Scotland. His son William moved to Milltown Mills and dropped the Mac form the name. 
LEANE, Thomas (I759)
 
27 In about 1810, James Austin was born in Ballygrott, Bangor, County Down, Ireland. Family history goes that James Austin´s father met one of the Greville sisters when he was a tutor for the Greville family in Warkwick Castle, England. She fell in love with him and they eloped and came back to Ireland to live. This is not verified though as there is no mention of a Susan Greville being born at the castle. It may be that records were erased. GREVILLE, Susan (I1126)
 
28 In about 1810, James Austin was born in Ballygrott, Bangor, County Down, Ireland. Family history goes that James Austin´s father met one of the Greville sisters when he was a tutor for the Greville family in Warkwick Castle, England. She fell in love with him and they eloped and came back to Ireland to live. This is not verified though as there is no mention of a Susan Greville being born at the castle. It may be that records were erased.

BANGOR, a parish and sea-port and market-town and post-town, chiefly in the barony of ARDES, county of DOWN, and province of ULSTER, but partly in the barony of LOWER-CASTLEREAGH, ll.5 miles (N. E. By E.) from Belfast, 21 miles (N.) from Downpatrick, and 9l.5 miles (N. By E.) from Dublin; containing 9355 inhabitants, of which number, 2741 are in the town.
The origin and early history of this ancient town are involved in some obscurity, and have been variously described by different writers. The most authentic records concur in stating that, about the year 555, St. Comgall founded here an abbey of Regular Canons, which may have led to the formation of a town, if one did not exist previously, and over which he presided fifty years, and died and was enshrined in it. In 1125 the Abbey was rebuilt by Malachy O Morgair, then abbot, with the addition of an oratory of stone, said by St. Bernard to have been the first building of stone and lime in Ireland and from which this place, anciently called the Vale of Angels, derived the name of Beanchoir, now Bangor, signifying the White Church, or Fair Choir.
The town is advantageously situated on the south side of Belfast Lough or Carrickfergus bay, and on the direct sea coast road from Belfast to Donaghadee; in 1831 it contained 563 houses, most of which are indifferently built, and is much frequented for sea-bathing during the summer. The streets are neither paved nor lighted, but are kept very clean and the inhabitants are but indifferently supplied with water. There is a public library; and an Historical Society has been recently formed in connection with it. The cotton manufacture is carried on to a considerable extent in the town and neighbourhood, and affords employment to a great number of the inhabitants of both sexes in the weaving, sewing, and ornamental branches.
The trade of the port is inconsiderable: black cattle, horses, grain, and flax are exported: the only imports are coal and timber. The bay is well sheltered, and affords good anchorage in deep water for vessels detained by an unfavourable wind and the harbour is capable of great improvement, although attempts made at the expense of individuals have failed. A small pier was built about the year 1760, by means of a parliamentary grant of 500 pounds to the corporation for promoting and carrying on the inland navigation of Ireland. The neighbouring bays produce a variety of fish; oysters of large size are taken in abundance. The surrounding scenery is pleasingly diversified, and enriched in some parts with stately timber, chiefly fir and oak; and in the vicinity of the several gentlemen s seats are thriving plantations of beech, sycamore, ash and poplar, of comparatively modern growth.
Slate is found in several parts, but has been only procured in one quarry, which has not been worked sufficiently deep to produce a quality capable of resisting the action of the atmosphere. There are also mines of coal, especially on the estate of Lord Dufferin, whose father opened and worked them on a small scale, since which time they have been abandoned; and a lead mine was worked here to some extent about thirty years since, in which copper ore and manganese were also found.
Extracts from The Samuel Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland 1837 (transcribed by Mel Lockie) 
AUSTIN, James (I259)
 
29 It appears that was married in two parishes on two different dates - maybe to accommodate family. Both parishes are next to each other and the details match up ROBERTSON, James (I1135)
 
30 James Austin and Mary, along with Mary´s 12 year old sister Agnes, arrived in New Zealand aboard the Zelandia which left London (10 Sep 1863) and arrived in Lyttelton (8 Dec 1863) Under Captain Foster. They came out in Second Cabin.
Also An Agnes Rainey appears in the Will of James SHanks being at his death resididing in Canterbury NZ 
SHANKS, Agnes (I1127)
 
31 JAMES BLYTH and ANN LAING
James, the son of David Blyth and Janet Anderson, was born in Cupar, Fifeshire, in 1802. However he was not christened until 16th June 1817.

As a young man he traveled to South America. From early in 1830 until January 1836 he worked as a carpenter, joiner and cabinetmaker in Lima, Peru. The British Consul General in Peru, Belford Hinton Wilson, was so impressed with James that he wrote him a reference praising his “unimpeachable honesty, sobriety and persevering industry''

After six years in Peru, which included involvement in a rebellion and the war with Bolivia, James returned to Scotland where on 24 February 1940 in Cupar, he married Ann Laing, daughter of James Laing and Catherine Anderson.

On 6th November 1841, with their 7-month-old son David, James and Ann sailed for New Zealand on the “Martha Ridgway” via the Cape of Good Hope. Records of the ship show that it was built in Liverpool in 1840 and was “sheathed in felt and yellow metal.” It was described as a “splendid ship constructed expressly for the passenger trade.” She had a “very spacious poop” and was “replete with every arrangement for the comfort and health of the passengers.” The 621 ton sailing ship made its maiden voyage to New Zealand captained by Henry Webb, and after a tempestuous journey, arrived in Nelson on 7th April 1842. James gave his occupation at the time as a joiner. The family later disembarked at Petone, less than two years after the settlement of Wellington. The Martha Ridgway meet an untimely end that same year (1842) when on a trip from New Zealand to Bombay she was wrecked on a reef in the Torres Strait.

For some years James was a businessman in Wellington. On October the 16th, 17th, 19th and 24th of 1848 Wellington was rocked by earthquakes. Ward's book ‘Early Wellington', describing houses affected by the quakes mentions James's two storied clay house in Dixon street as being “much shaken with one gable down.”

During his time in Wellington James was a member of the first “Kirk session” of the Church of Scotland which occurred in 1853.

James appears on the Burgess Roll for the Borough of Wellington in 1842, is shown on the list of persons qualified to serve as jurors for the District of Port Nicholson for 1848 and 1856, and is on the City of Wellington electoral Roll, as a Cabinet Maker of Dixon Street, up until 1858. The Burgess Roll, by way of explanation, was a record of all men granted the freedom of the city. It was an ancient Scottish honor which, among other things, granted the holder a share in government.

At some time after the birth of his youngest child (Herbert in 1861) James purchased a 2,000 acre property and homestead in the recently settled Wanganui area. He named the homestead “Marybank” in honor of his daughter Mary who coincidentally had been born the same year as the home was completed. The homestead had been built by David Strachan from Kahikatea timber cut and pit sawn on site. It was of a double-gabled design with a front verandah.

The move to Wanganui would have been a major undertaking in those days as the country had not long been ‘opened up’ and the threat from marauding bands of Maori was very real.
With true pioneering spirit James entered into the local community determined to establish a viable settlement. He was the first Chairman of the Whangaehu School Committee, a member of the Provincial Council, a Justice of the Peace and an elder of the Presbyterian Church. He was no doubt a well-respected member of the community.

On the evening of 8th October 1862, less than two years after moving to the area, while returning from visiting the Campbell family at nearby ‘Wiritoa,' James was thrown from his horse and killed.
On his death the properties “Marybank” at Putiki, and “Blythwood” at Taylorville, were leased out. When Ann died in 1886 the properties were divided up between the couples nine children. 
BLYTH, James (I2)
 
32 JAMES BLYTH and ANN LAING
James, the son of David Blyth and Janet Anderson, was born in Cupar, Fifeshire, in 1802. However he was not christened until 16th June 1817.

As a young man he traveled to South America. From early in 1830 until January 1836 he worked as a carpenter, joiner and cabinetmaker in Lima, Peru. The British Consul General in Peru, Belford Hinton Wilson, was so impressed with James that he wrote him a reference praising his “unimpeachable honesty, sobriety and persevering industry''

After six years in Peru, which included involvement in a rebellion and the war with Bolivia, James returned to Scotland where on 24 February 1940 in Cupar, he married Ann Laing, daughter of James Laing and Catherine Anderson.

On 6th November 1841, with their 7-month-old son David, James and Ann sailed for New Zealand on the “Martha Ridgway” via the Cape of Good Hope. Records of the ship show that it was built in Liverpool in 1840 and was “sheathed in felt and yellow metal.” It was described as a “splendid ship constructed expressly for the passenger trade.” She had a “very spacious poop” and was “replete with every arrangement for the comfort and health of the passengers.” The 621 ton sailing ship made its maiden voyage to New Zealand captained by Henry Webb, and after a tempestuous journey, arrived in Nelson on 7th April 1842. James gave his occupation at the time as a joiner. The family later disembarked at Petone, less than two years after the settlement of Wellington. The Martha Ridgway meet an untimely end that same year (1842) when on a trip from New Zealand to Bombay she was wrecked on a reef in the Torres Strait.

For some years James was a businessman in Wellington. On October the 16th, 17th, 19th and 24th of 1848 Wellington was rocked by earthquakes. Ward's book ‘Early Wellington', describing houses affected by the quakes mentions James's two storied clay house in Dixon street as being “much shaken with one gable down.”

During his time in Wellington James was a member of the first “Kirk session” of the Church of Scotland which occurred in 1853.

James appears on the Burgess Roll for the Borough of Wellington in 1842, is shown on the list of persons qualified to serve as jurors for the District of Port Nicholson for 1848 and 1856, and is on the City of Wellington electoral Roll, as a Cabinet Maker of Dixon Street, up until 1858. The Burgess Roll, by way of explanation, was a record of all men granted the freedom of the city. It was an ancient Scottish honor which, among other things, granted the holder a share in government.

At some time after the birth of his youngest child (Herbert in 1861) James purchased a 2,000 acre property and homestead in the recently settled Wanganui area. He named the homestead “Marybank” in honor of his daughter Mary who coincidentally had been born the same year as the home was completed. The homestead had been built by David Strachan from Kahikatea timber cut and pit sawn on site. It was of a double-gabled design with a front verandah.

The move to Wanganui would have been a major undertaking in those days as the country had not long been ‘opened up’ and the threat from marauding bands of Maori was very real.
With true pioneering spirit James entered into the local community determined to establish a viable settlement. He was the first Chairman of the Whangaehu School Committee, a member of the Provincial Council, a Justice of the Peace and an elder of the Presbyterian Church. He was no doubt a well-respected member of the community.

On the evening of 8th October 1862, less than two years after moving to the area, while returning from visiting the Campbell family at nearby ‘Wiritoa,' James was thrown from his horse and killed.
On his death the properties “Marybank” at Putiki, and “Blythwood” at Taylorville, were leased out. When Ann died in 1886 the properties were divided up between the couples nine children.

From THE PAMPHLET COLLECTION OF SIR ROBERT STOUT: VOLUME 76

WANGANUI OLD SETTLERS

Blyth, James.-This gentleman was an early settler and resided at "Mary Bank" about four miles from the town on the No. 1 Line of road. Mr. Blyth was a Justice of the Peace and Member of the Provincial Council, and a staunch supporter of the late Dr. Featherston, Superintendent of the Wellington Province. He came to an untimely end, however, having been thrown from his horse whilst riding home after dark one evening, his body being picked up by the roadside afterwards by a search party. Mr. Blyth was much respected and his death deeply regretted.

PAPERS PAST NZ (NZ Archives), MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
Wellington Independent, Volume XVI, Issue 1791, 13 November 1862, Page 3

The Late Mr. James Blyth. - Many of our readers will peruse with feelings of sincere regret, the following extract from the Wanganui Chronicle of the 9th October, narrating the sudden and untimely death of Mr. James Blyth. The deceased gentleman had many friends in Wellington, as well as in other Provinces of New Zealand, and for some years was an elder in the Free Church of Scotland here, and in common with many others, we take the opportunity afforded by the present mournful occasion, to pay a passing tribute of respect to the memory of the departed : - " It is with great pain that we record the sudden decease of Mr. James Blyth, of Marybank. Mr. Blyth was returning home last night, from Dr. Allison's, accompanied by his two eldest sons. He was riding on before, and they followed a short way behind, When they arrived at the gate leading up to the house, they found the horse standing at it without its rider. Returning in search of their father, they found him lying in a ditch at the side of the road near Wiritoa Mill, quite dead. The body was carried into Mr. Wm. Howie's house, and Dr. Gibson sent for, who found that death had been caused by the bursting- of a blood vessel in the brain, and that it must therefore have been instantaneous. No person in the district had a wider and more attached circle of friends than Mr. Blyth, by all of whom his death will be deplored, as occasioning the loss of a most excellent member of society, a most genial companion, a warm-hearted friend, and a consistent Christian. To his amiable widow and family this sudden bereavement must be especially distressing, as from Mr. Blyth's constitution and habits, they might naturally have looked for a long continuance of their domestic felicity
BLYTH, James (I2)
 
33 James Blyth:Autpbiographical Notes
Mr James Blyth was born In Newport, Fifeshire, Scotland on 15th May 1837. He was educated at the Presbyterian School in his native town, and at the Grammar School, St Andrews. On leaving school he was apprenticed to a Master-Builder in order to learn the trade of a carpenter.
At the end of his four year apprenticeship he was retained as a journeyman carpenter and continued to serve his employer in that capacity for six months, and then decided to leave the land of his birth for far New Zealand.
He left London on fifth October, 1858, in the ship “Strathallan” of five hundred and forty tons register. The passengers numbered two hundred and thirty-five souls including thirty-two children. The immigrants included farm laborers, general laborers, gardeners, shepherds, blacksmith carpenters, sawyers, bricklayers, tailors, painters, domestic servants and dressmakers. The voyage was full of interest. The French coast was sighted on the morning of the 17th and shortly afterwards the rough weather so often encountered in the Bay of Biscay was experienced. The weather was stormy with a high sea running and sea-sickness was general among the passengers. Running into finer weather they eventually reached the tropics and the ship became becalmed in the Doldrums. Fishing was indulged in here. A twelve months old shark was caught by the first mate, and the following morning the passengers were regaled with shark for breakfast fried in butter, and for tea on the same day shark stewed in vinegar. In order to interest those on board a ship's newspaper was published periodically, being usually read after dinner. As occasion offered, there were concerts, dances, deck games and entertainments by a scrach band. Very dirty weather was encountered in southern latitudes, and during time there was a good deal or bickering, discontent and fighting taking place among members of the Crew. During the voyage two woman and six children died and there were three births. On the morning of January 13th, New Zealand was distinctly visible and on a bearing taken at noon, it was calculated that the ship was thirty-five miles from land. The Ship arrived of Timaru on 14th January, 1859. Timaru in those days was nothing but a whaling station. The buildings consisted of five houses, Mr Rhodes’s wool shed and an Accommodation house kept by Sam Williams. The country was a wilderness of tussock and flax. Owing to a lack of accommodation, James Blyth spent the first few nights under a flax bush with no other covering but for a blanket, and he continued the outdoor night life for a month.
Two days after arrival he met Mr David Innes was in partnership with William Harrison in Pareora Station, a block of country of 25000 acres just south of the Pareora river. Mr Innes engaged James Blyth as a carpenter to co-operate with two other tradesmen in the construction of a wool-shed and house on that part of the run now known as Holme station, the wages being 12s6d a day and found. On the completion of the wool-shed and the partial construction of the house, there was a shortage of timber, and rather than stand idle the carpenters 1eft but agreed to return later to complete the work. James Blyth went down to the Waimate bush where he helped to build a sheep-dip and wash, and later built a dairy at Waihao for a former employee of Mr Innes. On finishing this work, he decided to see some of the countryside and he thereupon commenced a long walk to Dunedin. on reaching the Waitaki, he was faced with the difficulty of getting to the other side of the river in order to continue his tramp. Meeting a Maori, he discussed hid difficulty and the native suggested the construction of a raft of koradi sticks and flax. Together they built a raft six feet by four feet, and the Maori poled the new colonist across the river. Navigation was difficult and tricky owing to the rapidly flowing water; but the native proved himself a past-master with the pole. On reaching the other side, the Maori declined to accept anything for the service he had rendered, and it was only after repeated efforts that Blyth prevailed on him to accept half a Sovereign for his trouble. The Waitaki plain was then a regular plaster of cabbage trees and flax. The Maori gave the pioneer directions as to his route, informing that after walking six miles he would reach Mr Filluel’s sheep station. He stayed at the station that night and walked into Oamaru, a distance or four miles, the following morning. Oamaru then consisted of a blacksmith’s shop, a carpenter’s shop and a few houses, the first hotel being at that time under construction. The traveller here inquired the way to Dunedin and continued on the even tenor of his way. The following morning he fell in with two sailors who had deserted from a ship previously when at Port Chalmers and who where then walking back to Port Chalmers with a view securing a job on a returning vessel. The journey to Dunedin occupied a week. The party stayed one night with the Maoris at Waikoiti and slept out other nights. On reaching Port Chalmers they made a stay of one night at the hotel, and the following morning the party took passage in a boat to Dunedin. In 1859, Dunedin was a very small place, a couple of hotels, a few houses and several shops constituting the town at that time. James Blyth stayed here for a month then took passage for Oamaru on the steamer “Geelong”. On reaching Oamaru he proceeded on foot to a ford on the Waitaki river called Jimmy-the-needle’s crossing. He had to disgorge the sum of £1 in advance before Jimmy would put him across the river. A good swimming pony carried him across the river, and he then walked to Pike’s station, about eight miles north of the river, and stayed there the night. The following day he walked to Pareora Station, a distance of forty miles, and finding that additional supplies of timber had been secured by Messrs. Harris and Innes he resumed work the following morning and two months later had completed the work.
James Blyth tendered for the construction of a house for Mr W.K. Macdonald, 0rari Station, and secured the contract. It was a house of five rooms which was liked up with the original slab house. It was completed to Mr Macdonald’s entire satisfaction in 1860. This was the beginning of James Blyth's association with W.K. Macdonald, but was destined to cover a number of years during which Mr Blyth Carried out extensive work for Mr Macdonald.
Whilst James Blyth had the construction of W.K. Macdonald's the house in hand, he met the lady who was to be the sharer joys and sorrows over a long period of happy wedded life. Miss Alice Dunn the daughter of Thomas Dunn who had a farm at Orari called the Stumps.
On the completion of Macdonald's house James Blyth decided that he would give the "diggings" a go. He rode from Timaru up through the Lindus Pass to the diggings. He joined two other men in the working of a claim, put in plenty of work during a very hard winter there but without any luck, and returned to Timaru. He then commenced business as a Master-Builder and carried out extensive work in town and country. On 2nd May, 1863, he was united in Holy Matrimony with Alice Dunn at her father's home, The Stumps, Orari, the ceremony being performed by the first Anglican Vicar of Geraldine, the Rev. Lawrence Brown. The happy couple made their home in Timaru and continued to reside there for three years. Mr Blyth then secured a building contract at Orari and other contracts in the same location following which the Blyth's decided to move to Orari in order that Mr Blyth would be more conveniently placed to carry out the work. He purchased twenty acres of land on which he built a house which they made their home until the children became of school age when he sold out of the Orari property and returned to Timaru. The family lived in Timaru for several years, but the ever increasing contracts offering in Temuka town and district brought about another move and he came to Temuka in 1873 to make the town his permanent hone. In 1875 he decided to enlarge the sphere of his operations and to this end he commenced business as a Timber and Hardware merchant. A Man of substance, he began to take an active interest in municipal matters and played a prominent part in the formation and development of the town. For years he was chairman of the Temuka Town Board, and he has been a Justice of the Peace for a long period of years.
He has been an enthusiastic worker in the Presbyterian Church and gave of his best in all things calculated to further its good work. In 1894 he made a trip to the old country where he travelled a great deal before returning to New Zealand. In June 1922, after a happy association extending over fifty-nine years, a partnership commenced on 2nd May 1863 came to an end when Mrs Blyth passed away. Shortly after the sad event Mr Blyth retired from business in order to enjoy remaining years of life in peace and quiet. Well over ninety years of age, he is a living testimony to the inestimable benefits gained by a life of rectitude and hard work

The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Canterbury Provincial District]
Old Colonists

Mr. James Blyth, J.P., was born in Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1837, a nd served an apprenticeship to the building trade. He came to Timaru by t he Strathallan,in 1859, and followed his trade until 1861, when he trie d, his fortune on the Otago goldfields. Returning to Timaru, he carried o n business as a builder for some years, and settled in Temuka in 1872. I n 1880 he commenced business as a timber, coal, and iron mer chant. His p remises occupy an acre and a-half of ground in Wood Street, where he also has a large grain store. Mr. Blyth is district agent for the National Insurance Company. He has taken a leading part in all movements for the welfare of the district, and was associated with the Temuka Pioneers ' Memorial, which was erected in commemoration of the Record Reign, and was unveiled by Mrs. Blyth on the 16th of December, 1897. He was made a Justice of the Peace in 1897. Mr. Blyth is a member of the Masonic frat rnrity, and also of the Alexanda Lodge of Oddfellows, American order , in which he has occupied all the chairs and has been for years treasurer of of the lodge. He was one of the first members of the Temuka Town Board, of which he was chairman from 1890 to 1894. Mr. Blyth was married in 1862 to the eldest daughter of Mr. Thos. Dunn, of The Stumps farm, Orari, and has three sons and three daughters. 
BLYTH, James (I17)
 
34 James Hibbert Wanklyn was in Manchester business house of
Bradshaw, Hibbert & Wanklyn and li ved at Crumshall Hall. He
married his first cousin Margaret Bradshaw. James Hibbert
Wanklyn , the eldest son of William Wanklyn, merchant of
Manchester, born on the 4th August 1797, wa s a Brazilian
merchant, and in 1850 resided at Crescent, Salford. He served
the office of ch urchwarden of Manchester in 1828, and took
part in the management of the Manchester infirmary , and other
public charities, and was one of the original trustees and
patrons of St. Luke' s Church, Cheetham Hill, as well as a
magistrate of the county. He married, in 1823 or 24 Ma rgaret
Bradshaw, and left surviving issue, one Hibbert Wanklyn, now
vicar of Deopham, Norfolk . Mr J. H. Wanklyn died on the 18th
of October 1870 in his 74th year, having resided with hi s son
during the last two years of his life.
Mark Wanklyn 
WANKLYN, James Hibbert (I518)
 
35 Jane Nelson was baptised at St Mary Gate Independent Chapel, Nottingham , England, on 29 April 1801, daughter of James Nelson and his wife, Ann a Maria Dale. Her parents were Dissenters. In 1817 Jane was engaged as a p upil teacher by Mary Williams at her school in Southwell, Nottinghamshi re. There she met Mary's son William, an ordained minister, who was pre paring for missionary work in New Zealand. Despite Anna Nelson's initia l discouragement Jane and William were married at Sheffield, on 11 July 1 825, and on 12 August sailed in the Sir George Osborne. On 25 March 182 6 they arrived at Paihia, where William's brother Henry, and his wife, M arianne, had established a mission station.
Jane and Marianne Williams worked as well together as did the two broth ers. Both women were often pregnant, Jane having six daughters and thre e sons by 1846. The families shared meals and the two wives took turns a t cooking and teaching. This close family bond was maintained after Wil liam and Jane left the Bay of Islands to set up a mission station at Tu ranga, Poverty Bay, in 1840. Children were frequently exchanged, and th e letters between the two women are now one of the main sources of info rmation about the minutiae of daily life at Paihia and Turanga.
Jane Williams, especially instructed by the Church Missionary Society i n London to remember that 'no country can be happy or Christian but in p roportion as its Females become so', was to seek every opportunity of i nfluencing Maori women. She taught them to read and write, to sew and c ook (in European fashion), and trained them in 'civilised' household ma nagement. Like her husband she took a special care in visiting the sick . At Paihia girls who had been making 'satisfactory progress' were ofte n taken away by their relatives to serve the shipping which frequented t he Bay of Islands. There was little danger of this at Turanga, but ther e was always some doubt as to whether her girls would turn up, because t ribal demands took precedence.
To Turanga Maori, irrespective of age, Jane Williams was 'Mother'. The s haring of household tasks and of childbirth gave Jane and the Maori peo ple an intimacy which was closer than that between male missionary and c onvert. When William Williams was away, the smooth running of the missi on devolved on Jane, who was also responsible for the day-to-day teachi ng of her younger children. She was an efficient person who had to bear w ith constant domestic interruptions of a sort seldom suffered by her hu sband. Days of 'very great raru' (hindrances and encumbrances) figure f requently in her journals. Quiet evenings with her husband and family s he particularly valued, but often William was away for weeks or months a t a time. 'These continual separations form my greatest trial', she wro te in 1844, 'I try to remember that I am a soldier's wifeÉ. Still I can not but feel it.'
After leaving Turanga in 1865 for the Bay of Islands, Jane and William s ettled at Napier in 1867, where she took a lively interest in the Hukar ere school for Maori girls, established close to her home by her husban d in 1875. After William's death on 9 February 1878 Jane was one of the l ast survivors of the missionary band of the 1820s. Reminiscing in 1880 s he wrote, 'we were always contented and happy... never even dreamt of t he land being occupied by Europeans. Civilization was good for our chil dren, but sadly marred our work.' She died at her residence, Hukarere, o n 6 October 1896. Her obituary stated: 'The treasure William Williams b rought to these shores was that bright, intelligent, courageous and che erful soul'.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Jane Nelson was baptised at St Mary Gate Independent Chapel, Nottingham , England, on 29 April 1801, daughter of James Nelson and his wife, Ann a Maria Dale. Her parents were Dissenters. In 1817 Jane was engagedas a p upil teacher by Mary Williams at her school in Southwell, Nottinghamshi re. There she met Mary's son William, an ordained minister, who was pre paring for missionary work in New Zealand. Despite Anna Nelson's initia l discouragement Jane and William were married at Sheffield, on 11 July 1 825, and on 12 August sailed in the Sir George Osborne.On 25 March 1826 t hey arrived at Paihia, where William's brother Henry, and his wife, Mar ianne, had established a mission station.
Jane and Marianne Williams worked as well together as did the two broth ers. Both women were often pregnant, Jane having six daughters and thre e sons by 1846. The families shared meals and the two wives took turns a t cooking and teaching. This close family bond was maintained after Wil liam and Jane left the Bay of Islands to set up a mission station at Tu ranga, Poverty Bay, in 1840. Children were frequently exchanged, and th e letters between the two women are now one of the main sources of info rmation about the minutiae of daily life at Paihia and Turanga.
Jane Williams, especially instructed by the Church Missionary Societyin L ondon to remember that 'no country can be happy or Christian but in pro portion as its Females become so', was to seek every opportunityof infl uencing Maori women. She taught them to read and write, to sewand cook ( in European fashion), and trained them in 'civilised' household managem ent. Like her husband she took a special care in visiting the sick. At P aihia girls who had been making 'satisfactory progress' were often take n away by their relatives to serve the shipping which frequented the Ba y of Islands. There was little danger of this at Turanga, but there was a lways some doubt as to whether her girls would turnup, because tribal d emands took precedence.
To Turanga Maori, irrespective of age, Jane Williams was 'Mother'. The s haring of household tasks and of childbirth gave Jane and the Maori peo ple an intimacy which was closer than that between male missionary and c onvert. When William Williams was away, the smooth running of the missi on devolved on Jane, who was also responsible for the day-to-day teachi ng of her younger children. She was an efficient person who had to bear w ith constant domestic interruptions of a sort seldom suffered by her hu sband. Days of 'very great raru' (hindrances and encumbrances) figure f requently in her journals. Quiet evenings with her husband and family s he particularly valued, but often William was away forweeks or months a t a time. 'These continual separations form my greatest trial', she wro te in 1844, 'I try to remember that I am a soldier's wifeÉ. Still I can not but feel it.'
After leaving Turanga in 1865 for the Bay of Islands, Jane and William s ettled at Napier in 1867, where she took a lively interest in the Hukar ere school for Maori girls, established close to her home by her husban d in 1875. After William's death on 9 February 1878 Jane was oneof the l ast survivors of the missionary band of the 1820s. Reminiscing in 1880 s he wrote, 'we were always contented and happy... never even dreamt of t he land being occupied by Europeans. Civilization was good for our chil dren, but sadly marred our work.' She died at her residence, Hukarere, o n 6 October 1896. Her obituary stated: 'The treasure William Williams b rought to these shores was that bright, intelligent,courageous and chee rful soul'. 
NELSON, Jane (I28)
 
36 Marriages performed at the Parish Church of BOCONNOC, Cornwall Thomas Lane of Blisland & Ann Wherry o.t.p. by B(banns) 6 May 1795 Both (s)
"Lean" and "Weary" witnesses, George Motton, Joseph Parson

Tombstone inscription in Blisland churchyard: This stone erected to the memory of Thomas Lean who died December 2nd 1826, aged 56 years also Ann wife of the above who died at Pendavey, Egloshayle February 20th 1855, aged 81 years also Jemima their daughter who died May 5th 1857, aged 53 years also Jane Bate who died September 10th 1835, aged 23 years 
LEAN, Thomas (I989)
 
37 Married At Saint Peter and St Pauls Church, Parish Of Ashton Family F34
 
38 MEDI: Personal
_ITALIC: Y
_PAREN: Y 
Source (S94)
 
39 NOt sure if this is the same robert Lean as why would get married in Devon. need more evidence to back this up Family F24
 
40 Photos I have taken Source (S76)
 
41 Reference: Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 pages 918 Published 1903

OHAPE is seventeen miles to the north of Timaru in the county of Geraldine. It is within five miles of Temuka, and has a bi-weekly mail service with Timaru. The district is devoted to farming. has a public school and a blacksmith shop.

FARMERSº

AUSTIN, James, Farmer, Ohape, near Temuka. Mr Austin was born in County Down, Ireland, in 1837, and was brought up as a farmer by his father. He came to Lyttelton in 1864 by the ship "Zealandia," and after farming for three years at Selwyn, removed to Temuka in 1867 - just before the heavy flood in that district. Mr Austin has a number of farms, and in addition to cereal growing, is a breeder of sheep and cattle at one time he owned a stud of Clydesdale horses. He was married in the Old County and has eleven children.

``James and Mary Austin arrived in Lyttleton, New Zealand from County Down Ireland on December 8th, 1863 as paying passengers. They bought a farm at Winchester, South Canterbury after 3 years in the Selwyn District. Grandfather lived by the rules he set. If a man was worthy of his hire, he was fit to sit at table with the family. He had 11 in the family, financed four sons and two son-in-laws into farms. Bought houses for them when they married. Daughters (single) had an income for life and then on their death, this income was equally divided among his 28 Grandchildren. Money invested in his daughter´s farms was held in trust to be equally divided among their respective families at their death…Grandfather sold a 28 acre farm or was a tenant on it to come to New Zealand in 1863 and after some years had 6000 acres in South Canterbury and Mid-Canterbury. Two farms are still in the family. Grandmother was a teacher and a beautiful sewer.´´
Extracts from a letter written by Agnes Kelly (née Connolly) May 1995 
AUSTIN, James (I119)
 
42 Robert Robertson And Margeret Robertson, of Aberdeenshire in Scotland and their six daughters left Glasgow on the 30 May 1860 aboard the ship SS Henrietta, arriving in Dunedin on the 24th September 1860. According to the Otago Colonist Newspaper it was an eventfull voyage with several deaths on board on the way due to rampant disease, including Robert Robertson as well as nine others. As a result Margeret Robertson and her six daughters, including Christina Buchan Robertson, who was only 1 year old arrived alone on our shores, the legend of which continues in our family today. HENRY, Margeret (I224)
 
43 Scanned a copy form my Grandfather Source (S95)
 
44 The Proof that James Stewart and Margeret Richardson moved from Kelso to Bewick llies in the Baptisim records of Robert Stewart, their eldest son that clearly states that while Robert was born in Kelso (see Souce from familysearch) he was baptised in Berwick-upon-Tweed STEWART, James (I407)
 
45 There ARE two marriage entries for the same day for William Robertson and Christian Wilson in the parish entrys for the parishes of Udny and Foveran. In the Entry for the parish of Foveran it states that Willam Robertson is of the parish of Udny, and in the parish records for Udny it may state (cant read writing) that the entruys were added later, but as it is exactly the same date it can be assumed with some degree o cerntainty that this is the same event entered twice, unless there is other evidence that surfaces later to contridct this ROBERTSON, William (I280)
 
46 There is evidence to sugest that Charls and Isabella died sometime shortly after the birth of their youngest daugther as the census record would suggest that she was living with Aunts? at the age of 7 at the time of the census REID, Charles (I197)
 
47 WEDDING BELLS

BLYTHE- HUNTER. On Tuesday morning, November 26tb, a large circle of friends assisted at a very pretty and interesting function at Burnside. the residence of Mrs Moore Hunter. The event was the marriage of her daughter Jeanie to Mr David Blythe, of Wanganui. Tbe bridal party was grouped for the ceremony in the porch, which was decorated for the occasion, and formed a novel and effective picture, the ministers and guests occupying the lawn. The bride looked sweet and dignified in a rich dress of white brocaded satin, the only trimming being a deep fall of Honiton lace and a spray of orange blossom on the bodice. The veil was delicately embroidered. The bride carried a lovely shower bouquet, and was attended by her three sisters. Miss Millie Hunter, as chief bridesmaid, wore a dress of white silk with daffodil yellow chiffon sash, also a gold bangle, the gift of the bridegroom and carried a bouquet of yellow and whlte flowers. Misses Belle and Mary wore cream silk dresses and dainty gold necklets and lockets, the bridegroom's gifts, and carried baskets of crimson roses. The bride was given away by her brother, Mr A. Hunter and the bridegroom was attended by his brother, Mr J. Blythe, as best man. The ceremony was performed by Rev T. McDonald of Waipukurau, assisted by Rev I. E. Bertram. After a sumptuous breakfast, Rev T. McDonald, in a short speech, voiced the feeling of the assembled company in wishing Mr and Mrs Blythe happiness and prosperity. Mr Blythe shortly returned thanks on behalf of himself and his wife. The wedding-cake was handsome and imposing, having three tiers most elaborately decorated. The bride's travelling dress was a coat and skirt of fine blue cloth, lined with white satin. She wore a white chiffon boa, and Black hat with two cloth-of-gold roses under the brim, in which she looked charming. Mr and Mrs Blythe left by train for Nelson. The presents were numerous and costly, and came from far and near.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XLII, Issue 7369, 30 November 1901, Page 3 
HUNTER, Jeannie (I20)
 
48 WEDDING BELLS

BLYTHE- HUNTER. On Tuesday morning, November 26tb, a large circle of friends assisted at a very pretty and interesting function at Burnside. the residence of Mrs Moore Hunter. The event was the marriage of her daughter Jeanie to Mr David Blythe, of Wanganui. Tbe bridal party was grouped for the ceremony in the porch, which was decorated for the occasion, and formed a novel and effective picture, the ministers and guests occupying the lawn. The bride looked sweet and dignified in a rich dress of white brocaded satin, the only trimming being a deep fall of Honiton lace and a spray of orange blossom on the bodice. The veil was delicately embroidered. The bride carried a lovely shower bouquet, and was attended by her three sisters. Miss Millie Hunter, as chief bridesmaid, wore a dress of white silk with daffodil yellow chiffon sash, also a gold bangle, the gift of the bridegroom and carried a bouquet of yellow and whlte flowers. Misses Belle and Mary wore cream silk dresses and dainty gold necklets and lockets, the bridegroom's gifts, and carried baskets of crimson roses. The bride was given away by her brother, Mr A. Hunter and the bridegroom was attended by his brother, Mr J. Blythe, as best man. The ceremony was performed by Rev T. McDonald of Waipukurau, assisted by Rev I. E. Bertram. After a sumptuous breakfast, Rev T. McDonald, in a short speech, voiced the feeling of the assembled company in wishing Mr and Mrs Blythe happiness and prosperity. Mr Blythe shortly returned thanks on behalf of himself and his wife. The wedding-cake was handsome and imposing, having three tiers most elaborately decorated. The bride's travelling dress was a coat and skirt of fine blue cloth, lined with white satin. She wore a white chiffon boa, and Black hat with two cloth-of-gold roses under the brim, in which she looked charming. Mr and Mrs Blythe left by train for Nelson. The presents were numerous and costly, and came from far and near.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XLII, Issue 7369, 30 November 1901, Page 3 
Family F74
 
49 Weekly Feature - 1 November 2003
A remarkable story finally shared with family
The death of John Austin-Smith, of Masterton, has brought to life the p ast of a humble but quite extraordinary man. JOSEPH WALLACE spoke with h is family and discovered the exceptional story of a wartime hero. A sto ry filled with humour, intrigue, action and history.
DURING World War II, in September 1943, the Allied Navy captured the is land of Cos in the Aegean Sea. Not long after this success, pilot John A ustin Henry Smith and the crew of squadron 267 delivered important back -up equipment and supplies to the battle-weary navy.
The squadron loaded their DC3s and left the Ramat David airport in Isra el, heading for the small island just off the southwest coast of Turkey . The four unarmed supply planes slipped undetected through Turkey’s ne utral south coast before Austin and his squadron landed successfully at C os airstrip. The four planes spread out over the aerodrome and unloaded t he naval provisions. Austin finished and returned to his cabin to prepa re for the departing flight. He settled into the cockpit and attempted t o start the motors. They refused to turn. The only other option was to m anually crank the motors from outside the aircraft. He returned to the t armac and began cranking. That’s when he heard five Luftwaffe ME109 fig hters.
The German fighters began a strafing run over the airstrip showering th e island with enemy fire. Austin-Smith ran for cover, diving behind a s tack of unidentified drums, soon discovering they were containers of fu el.
He escaped the petrol explosion, but the attack left three planes utter ly annihilated. Two were aflame, the other was riddled with bullets. Se veral men, who were most likely known to Austin, were killed. His crew a nd the surviving crew of the destroyed planes picked their friends bodi es from the tarmac and retreated to the only plane intact.
Austin quickly looked over his aircraft, checking for damage. He discov ered the plane was hit. The left wing was shot through, resulting in th e damage of a foot-wide sheet of its structure. The German fighters cou ld have returned at any time and Austin knew it was not safe to linger. T he lives of the remaining crews depended on the swift departure of the s urviving plane.
He acted fast. Leaving the tarmac, Austin climbed on to the wing and ri pped the shot piece away and discarded it. The aircraft was loaded and e ngines cranked. Austin piloted his wounded DC3 away from the damaged ai rstrip and away from the carcasses of the other three planes. Once Aust in had flown out of immediate danger, he returned to the cabin to check h is passengers. They were fine, playing cards and using their fallen com rades as seats to make the journey more comfortable. Austin later repli ed to this thought: “Such is the way of warfare.”
John Austin-Smith was known in Masterton for setting up Austins Pharmac y, which was situated in a building on a corner of Queen and Perry stre ets, now occupied by Sounds Music.
To locals he was a nice guy who was a keen golfer known as Austin. Aust in’s obituary stated - “NZ402474 RNZAF. 90 Squadron, 267 Squadron. Spec ial OPS, ME Order of the Crown of Yugoslavia 1942, DFC 1943.” An extrao rdinary history to be briefly mapped out in a small column of the paper .
Inquiries led to a 30-page book.
Apparently Austin never mentioned the war. Until, aged 82, he was convi nced by his family to tell his experience and put it on paper. What eve ntuated was titled Memories of an Airman. J.A.H. Austin-Smith. In it wa s recorded the career of a wartime hero as he told it. A straightforwar d and simple account of Austin-Smith’s recollection of his time in Worl d War II.
Austin grew up in Dannevirke. His family were poor and financially stre tched through the Depression. His parents struggled to buy books and un iforms for him to go to college. Money was in short supply and jobs sca rce. Subsequently, when World War II broke out, it was an exciting pros pect for many young men, including a young Austin aged 19.
He applied for the air force and managed to join by telling a few white l ies. Austin said he almost missed out on the air force altogether becau se his urine test failed. He immediately called upon his healthier brot her to help out and sent a second sample. His brother passed this test a nd Austin was in turn accepted in July 1940.
Over the next eight months he trained throughout New Zealand before he a nd his friends were shipped away to Canada aboard SS Awatea. Austin des cribed the Awatea journey as “the life of luxury” where he would enjoy “ five or six-course meals”. He liked it so much he said he thought: “Wow , if this is war, wiz oh, I’m all for it”. Over the next few months Aus tin trained in Canada before he once again departed, this time for Engl and. In England he was prepared as a pilot of the RAF.
Austin continued training and was assigned to the new Liberator convers ion unit, which was to be sent on a special operations job in the Middl e East. He spent only five hours training in the Liberators before he a nd his crew were sent on a long flight to a new base in Fayid. At the t ime, Greece and Yugoslavia lacked communications, the Allies had no met eorological or navigational information from the ground in these countr ies, making flights over this airspace extremely dangerous.
Austin and his squadron’s mission was to fly the two Liberators into th ese fragile conditions dropping wireless operators, saboteurs and suppl ies to the partisans who lived in the mountains of German-occupied Gree ce and Yugoslavia. It was a difficult ask as Liberators were 50-ton sup ply planes only lightly armed and requiring a lot of petrol for the lon g flights from Fayid to Yugoslavia and back. They had to pack as much e quipment and men on each flight as possible. Consequently the planes we re stripped of non-essential weight - 95 percent of the ammunition was d iscarded, leaving only 100 rounds in the rear gun turret. Austin said: “ We were flying all night over enemy territory in aircraft that were lit erally defenceless. It was a cat-and-mouse operation.”
The Liberator crews had to be elusive and get out of enemy territory by d aybreak or they were prime targets. But the enemy wasn’t the only dange r. One particular night Austin flew into cloud that was full of “severe i cing” over the Aegean Sea. The Liberator’s instruments immediately froz e and he became disorientated in the thick cloud. He was unaware of his a ltitude and unsure if he was going straight or off course. Although the a utopilot was on, Austin said his instinct was to take the stick and alt er its level. But this action could be deadly. Instead, Austin refused t he itch to grab the controls and stood up from his seat to feel the sit uation. Everything felt normal, so he waited it out while de-icing heat ers kicked in. It remained this way for some minutes for what must have b een an eternity. Eventually the instruments came back after an intensel y-nervous wait for Austin in his blind, drifting aircraft.
Despite numerous dangers including the weather, anti-aircraft ground fi re and enemy fighters, Austin wrote: “The thing that caused us the most c oncern was a bloody star! Venus!”. It was often mistaken for an enemy p lane. Austin said he knew of some gunners shooting off a few precaution ary rounds at the planet, just in case.
Eventually, after numerous trips, wireless communication enabled the Li berators to receive weather forecasts and news of the success of their d rops. The flights were known to be some of the most arduous flights und er extremely difficult conditions. Austin finished these operations wit h 446 hours of flying. He flew 19 trips to Yugoslavia and 13 drops into G reece.
In recognition for the flights into Yugoslavia Austin was awarded the O rder of the Crown of Yugoslavia on October 20, 1942. This was followed w ith one of the highest honours awarded to pilots, the Distinguished Fly ing Cross.
Austin and his crew were taken off transport duty in October 1943. The o dds must have been in his favour as he was still alive after this exten sive period - of the 56 men he trained with during the early stage of t he war in Canada, only 15 returned home. Perhaps a little luck was on h is side. “Fate played strange tricks in those weird days,” he said.
Austin was assigned to instructing other pilots how to fly large transp ort planes. During the course of one morning Austin finished up instruc ting another pilot in a Liberator. He finished the lesson and landed fo r breakfast. His good friend, Squadron Leader Rolph-Smith, took over th e job and took the Liberator up for another lesson. During the plane’s f irst circuit it struck a Hurricane that was coming into land, it sliced o ff the Liberator’s tail. “All were killed instantly.” Austin returned t o find he was promoted to squadron leader.
Despite the war and all the experiences that came with it, Austin’s Mem ories are filled with amusing moments. One is when his good friend thro ughout the war, Jacko Madill, sent Christmas correspondence to his fath er expressing that he was in need of money. His father replied by sendi ng him a Christmas cake that hid the only reliable currency at the time - g old sovereigns.
Unfortunately, Jacko’s aunts were also keen to help their nephew’s war e ffort. In which case several cakes arrived for Jacko courtesy of his do ting aunties. The mass of cakes camouflaged the true identity of the “r ichest cake”. Austin was called on and together they hacked up several C hristmas cakes until they struck gold.
The war ended in August 1944 and Austin was posted home. He wrote of on e of his last experiences - it happened as he was getting ready to retu rn to New Zealand. “ I’d finished for the day, was packing up to go hom e and watching the Liberators coming in to land, at night. Thought that b loke’s low! He was, the next second , CRASH and flames. So into my litt le ute, tore up the road about a quarter mile, ran across a paddock and h elped pull one guy away from the burning wreck. He’d hit something, had n o roof to his mouth and of course no teeth. And boy, was he hot. The am bulance arrived, popped him in and I sat on his tummy all the way to ho spital trying to dig his teeth out of his throat every time he choked. O ften wonder what happened to him. Poor devil.”
The next day Austin left for home. He returned via Morocco to Britain, o n to the Queen Mary, which shipped him to New York where he remained fo r six weeks before training across America to San Francisco, then on a b oat to Noumea before reaching New Zealand.
John Austin-Smith left his home town at the age of 19. He travelled the w orld and experienced the highs and lows of war, and the comradeships th at were made and lost. He said the memories he made lived in him foreve r: “They are events I will never forget and experiences and friendships o nly war can provide”. He returned home a humble, decorated hero. As a w artime pilot he amassed a total of 1715 flying hours. John Austin-Smith p assed away last month aged 83.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Weekly Feature - 1 November 2003
A remarkable story finally shared with family
The death of John Austin-Smith, of Masterton, has brought to life thepa st of a humble but quite extraordinary man. JOSEPH WALLACE spoke with h is family and discovered the exceptional story of a wartime hero.A stor y filled with humour, intrigue, action and history.
DURING World War II, in September 1943, the Allied Navy captured the is land of Cos in the Aegean Sea. Not long after this success, pilot John A ustin Henry Smith and the crew of squadron 267 delivered importantback- up equipment and supplies to the battle-weary navy.
The squadron loaded their DC3s and left the Ramat David airport in Isra el, heading for the small island just off the southwest coast of Turkey . The four unarmed supply planes slipped undetected through Turkey’s ne utral south coast before Austin and his squadron landed successfully at C os airstrip. The four planes spread out over the aerodrome andunloaded t he naval provisions. Austin finished and returned to his cabin to prepa re for the departing flight. He settled into the cockpit and attempted t o start the motors. They refused to turn. The only otheroption was to m anually crank the motors from outside the aircraft. Hereturned to the t armac and began cranking. That’s when he heard five Luftwaffe ME109 fig hters.
The German fighters began a strafing run over the airstrip showering th e island with enemy fire. Austin-Smith ran for cover, diving behinda st ack of unidentified drums, soon discovering they were containers of fue l.
He escaped the petrol explosion, but the attack left three planes utter ly annihilated. Two were aflame, the other was riddled with bullets.Sev eral men, who were most likely known to Austin, were killed. His crew a nd the surviving crew of the destroyed planes picked their friends bodi es from the tarmac and retreated to the only plane intact.
Austin quickly looked over his aircraft, checking for damage. He discov ered the plane was hit. The left wing was shot through, resulting inthe d amage of a foot-wide sheet of its structure. The German fighterscould h ave returned at any time and Austin knew it was not safe to linger. The l ives of the remaining crews depended on the swift departureof the survi ving plane.
He acted fast. Leaving the tarmac, Austin climbed on to the wing and ri pped the shot piece away and discarded it. The aircraft was loaded and e ngines cranked. Austin piloted his wounded DC3 away from the damaged ai rstrip and away from the carcasses of the other three planes. Once Aust in had flown out of immediate danger, he returned to the cabin to check h is passengers. They were fine, playing cards and using theirfallen comr ades as seats to make the journey more comfortable. Austinlater replied t o this thought: “Such is the way of warfare.”
John Austin-Smith was known in Masterton for setting up Austins Pharmac y, which was situated in a building on a corner of Queen and Perry stre ets, now occupied by Sounds Music.
To locals he was a nice guy who was a keen golfer known as Austin. Aust in’s obituary stated - “NZ402474 RNZAF. 90 Squadron, 267 Squadron. Spec ial OPS, ME Order of the Crown of Yugoslavia 1942, DFC 1943.” An extrao rdinary history to be briefly mapped out in a small column of the paper .
Inquiries led to a 30-page book.
Apparently Austin never mentioned the war. Until, aged 82, he was convi nced by his family to tell his experience and put it on paper. What eve ntuated was titled Memories of an Airman. J.A.H. Austin-Smith. In it wa s recorded the career of a wartime hero as he told it. A straightforwar d and simple account of Austin-Smith’s recollection of his time in Worl d War II.
Austin grew up in Dannevirke. His family were poor and financially stre tched through the Depression. His parents struggled to buy books anduni forms for him to go to college. Money was in short supply and jobsscarc e. Subsequently, when World War II broke out, it was an excitingprospec t for many young men, including a young Austin aged 19.
He applied for the air force and managed to join by telling a few white l ies. Austin said he almost missed out on the air force altogether becau se his urine test failed. He immediately called upon his healthier brot her to help out and sent a second sample. His brother passed this test a nd Austin was in turn accepted in July 1940.
Over the next eight months he trained throughout New Zealand before he a nd his friends were shipped away to Canada aboard SS Awatea. Austin des cribed the Awatea journey as “the life of luxury” where he wouldenjoy “ five or six-course meals”. He liked it so much he said he thought: “Wow , if this is war, wiz oh, I’m all for it”. Over the next few months Aus tin trained in Canada before he once again departed, this time for Engl and. In England he was prepared as a pilot of the RAF.
Austin continued training and was assigned to the new Liberator convers ion unit, which was to be sent on a special operations job in the Middl e East. He spent only five hours training in the Liberators before he a nd his crew were sent on a long flight to a new base in Fayid. At the t ime, Greece and Yugoslavia lacked communications, the Allies had no met eorological or navigational information from the ground in thesecountri es, making flights over this airspace extremely dangerous.
Austin and his squadron’s mission was to fly the two Liberators into th ese fragile conditions dropping wireless operators, saboteurs and suppl ies to the partisans who lived in the mountains of German-occupied Gree ce and Yugoslavia. It was a difficult ask as Liberators were 50-ton sup ply planes only lightly armed and requiring a lot of petrol for the lon g flights from Fayid to Yugoslavia and back. They had to pack as much e quipment and men on each flight as possible. Consequently theplanes wer e stripped of non-essential weight - 95 percent of the ammunition was d iscarded, leaving only 100 rounds in the rear gun turret. Austin said: “ We were flying all night over enemy territory in aircraft that were lit erally defenceless. It was a cat-and-mouse operation.”
The Liberator crews had to be elusive and get out of enemy territory by d aybreak or they were prime targets. But the enemy wasn’t the only dange r. One particular night Austin flew into cloud that was full of “severe i cing” over the Aegean Sea. The Liberator’s instruments immediately froz e and he became disorientated in the thick cloud. He was unaware of his a ltitude and unsure if he was going straight or off course.Although the a utopilot was on, Austin said his instinct was to take the stick and alt er its level. But this action could be deadly. Instead, Austin refused t he itch to grab the controls and stood up from his seat to feel the sit uation. Everything felt normal, so he waited it out while de-icing heat ers kicked in. It remained this way for some minutes for what must have b een an eternity. Eventually the instruments came back after an intensel y-nervous wait for Austin in his blind, drifting aircraft.
Despite numerous dangers including the weather, anti-aircraft ground fi re and enemy fighters, Austin wrote: “The thing that caused us the most c oncern was a bloody star! Venus!”. It was often mistaken for an enemy p lane. Austin said he knew of some gunners shooting off a few precaution ary rounds at the planet, just in case.
Eventually, after numerous trips, wireless communication enabled the Li berators to receive weather forecasts and news of the success of their d rops. The flights were known to be some of the most arduous flights und er extremely difficult conditions. Austin finished these operations wit h 446 hours of flying. He flew 19 trips to Yugoslavia and 13 drops into G reece.
In recognition for the flights into Yugoslavia Austin was awarded theOr der of the Crown of Yugoslavia on October 20, 1942. This was followed w ith one of the highest honours awarded to pilots, the Distinguished Fly ing Cross.
Austin and his crew were taken off transport duty in October 1943. The o dds must have been in his favour as he was still alive after this exten sive period - of the 56 men he trained with during the early stage of t he war in Canada, only 15 returned home. Perhaps a little luck was on h is side. “Fate played strange tricks in those weird days,” he said.
Austin was assigned to instructing other pilots how to fly large transp ort planes. During the course of one morning Austin finished up instruc ting another pilot in a Liberator. He finished the lesson and landed fo r breakfast. His good friend, Squadron Leader Rolph-Smith, took over th e job and took the Liberator up for another lesson. During the plane’s f irst circuit it struck a Hurricane that was coming into land, it sliced o ff the Liberator’s tail. “All were killed instantly.” Austin returned t o find he was promoted to squadron leader.
Despite the war and all the experiences that came with it, Austin’s Mem ories are filled with amusing moments. One is when his good friend thro ughout the war, Jacko Madill, sent Christmas correspondence to his fath er expressing that he was in need of money. His father replied by sendi ng him a Christmas cake that hid the only reliable currency at the time - g old sovereigns.
Unfortunately, Jacko’s aunts were also keen to help their nephew’s war e ffort. In which case several cakes arrived for Jacko courtesy of his do ting aunties. The mass of cakes camouflaged the true identity of the “r ichest cake”. Austin was called on and together they hacked up several C hristmas cakes until they struck gold.
The war ended in August 1944 and Austin was posted home. He wrote of on e of his last experiences - it happened as he was getting ready to retu rn to New Zealand. “ I’d finished for the day, was packing up to gohome a nd watching the Liberators coming in to land, at night. Thoughtthat blo ke’s low! He was, the next second , CRASH and flames. So intomy little u te, tore up the road about a quarter mile, ran across a paddock and hel ped pull one guy away from the burning wreck. He’d hit something, had n o roof to his mouth and of course no teeth. And boy, washe hot. The amb ulance arrived, popped him in and I sat on his tummy all the way to hos pital trying to dig his teeth out of his throat everytime he choked. Of ten wonder what happened to him. Poor devil.”
The next day Austin left for home. He returned via Morocco to Britain, o n to the Queen Mary, which shipped him to New York where he remained fo r six weeks before training across America to San Francisco, thenon a b oat to Noumea before reaching New Zealand.
John Austin-Smith left his home town at the age of 19. He travelled the w orld and experienced the highs and lows of war, and the comradeships th at were made and lost. He said the memories he made lived in him foreve r: “They are events I will never forget and experiences and friendships o nly war can provide”. He returned home a humble, decorated hero. As a w artime pilot he amassed a total of 1715 flying hours. John Austin-Smith p assed away last month aged 83.
Weekly Feature - 1 November 2003
A remarkable story finally shared with family
The death of John Austin-Smith, of Masterton, has brought to life the p ast of a humble but quite extraordinary man. JOSEPH WALLACE spoke with h is family and discovered the exceptional story of a wartime hero. A sto ry filled with humour, intrigue, action and history.
DURING World War II, in September 1943, the Allied Navy captured the is land of Cos in the Aegean Sea. Not long after this success, pilot John A ustin Henry Smith and the crew of squadron 267 delivered important back -up equipment and supplies to the battle-weary navy.
The squadron loaded their DC3s and left the Ramat David airport in Isra el, heading for the small island just off the southwest coast of Turkey . The four unarmed supply planes slipped undetected through Turkey’s ne utral south coast before Austin and his squadron landed successfully at C os airstrip. The four planes spread out over the aerodrome and unloaded t he naval provisions. Austin finished and returned to his cabin to prepa re for the departing flight. He settled into the cockpit and attempted t o start the motors. They refused to turn. The only other option was to m anually crank the motors from outside the aircraft. He returned to the t armac and began cranking. That’s when he heard five Luftwaffe ME109 fig hters.
The German fighters began a strafing run over the airstrip showering th e island with enemy fire. Austin-Smith ran for cover, diving behind a s tack of unidentified drums, soon discovering they were containers of fu el.
He escaped the petrol explosion, but the attack left three planes utter ly annihilated. Two were aflame, the other was riddled with bullets. Se veral men, who were most likely known to Austin, were killed. His crew a nd the surviving crew of the destroyed planes picked their friends bodi es from the tarmac and retreated to the only plane intact.
Austin quickly looked over his aircraft, checking for damage. He discov ered the plane was hit. The left wing was shot through, resulting in th e damage of a foot-wide sheet of its structure. The German fighters cou ld have returned at any time and Austin knew it was not safe to linger. T he lives of the remaining crews depended on the swift departure of the s urviving plane.
He acted fast. Leaving the tarmac, Austin climbed on to the wing and ri pped the shot piece away and discarded it. The aircraft was loaded and e ngines cranked. Austin piloted his wounded DC3 away from the damaged ai rstrip and away from the carcasses of the other three planes. Once Aust in had flown out of immediate danger, he returned to the cabin to check h is passengers. They were fine, playing cards and using their fallen com rades as seats to make the journey more comfortable. Austin later repli ed to this thought: “Such is the way of warfare.”
John Austin-Smith was known in Masterton for setting up Austins Pharmac y, which was situated in a building on a corner of Queen and Perry stre ets, now occupied by Sounds Music.
To locals he was a nice guy who was a keen golfer known as Austin. Aust in’s obituary stated - “NZ402474 RNZAF. 90 Squadron, 267 Squadron. Spec ial OPS, ME Order of the Crown of Yugoslavia 1942, DFC 1943.” An extrao rdinary history to be briefly mapped out in a small column of the paper .
Inquiries led to a 30-page book.
Apparently Austin never mentioned the war. Until, aged 82, he was convi nced by his family to tell his experience and put it on paper. What eve ntuated was titled Memories of an Airman. J.A.H. Austin-Smith. In it wa s recorded the career of a wartime hero as he told it. A straightforwar d and simple account of Austin-Smith’s recollection of his time in Worl d War II.
Austin grew up in Dannevirke. His family were poor and financially stre tched through the Depression. His parents struggled to buy books and un iforms for him to go to college. Money was in short supply and jobs sca rce. Subsequently, when World War II broke out, it was an exciting pros pect for many young men, including a young Austin aged 19.
He applied for the air force and managed to join by telling a few white l ies. Austin said he almost missed out on the air force altogether becau se his urine test failed. He immediately called upon his healthier brot her to help out and sent a second sample. His brother passed this test a nd Austin was in turn accepted in July 1940.
Over the next eight months he trained throughout New Zealand before he a nd his friends were shipped away to Canada aboard SS Awatea. Austin des cribed the Awatea journey as “the life of luxury” where he would enjoy “ five or six-course meals”. He liked it so much he said he thought: “Wow , if this is war, wiz oh, I’m all for it”. Over the next few months Aus tin trained in Canada before he once again departed, this time for Engl and. In England he was prepared as a pilot of the RAF.
Austin continued training and was assigned to the new Liberator convers ion unit, which was to be sent on a special operations job in the Middl e East. He spent only five hours training in the Liberators before he a nd his crew were sent on a long flight to a new base in Fayid. At the t ime, Greece and Yugoslavia lacked communications, the Allies had no met eorological or navigational information from the ground in these countr ies, making flights over this airspace extremely dangerous.
Austin and his squadron’s mission was to fly the two Liberators into th ese fragile conditions dropping wireless operators, saboteurs and suppl ies to the partisans who lived in the mountains of German-occupied Gree ce and Yugoslavia. It was a difficult ask as Liberators were 50-ton sup ply planes only lightly armed and requiring a lot of petrol for the lon g flights from Fayid to Yugoslavia and back. They had to pack as much e quipment and men on each flight as possible. Consequently the planes we re stripped of non-essential weight - 95 percent of the ammunition was d iscarded, leaving only 100 rounds in the rear gun turret. Austin said: “ We were flying all night over enemy territory in aircraft that were lit erally defenceless. It was a cat-and-mouse operation.”
The Liberator crews had to be elusive and get out of enemy territory by d aybreak or they were prime targets. But the enemy wasn’t the only dange r. One particular night Austin flew into cloud that was full of “severe i cing” over the Aegean Sea. The Liberator’s instruments immediately froz e and he became disorientated in the thick cloud. He was unaware of his a ltitude and unsure if he was going straight or off course. Although the a utopilot was on, Austin said his instinct was to take the stick and alt er its level. But this action could be deadly. Instead, Austin refused t he itch to grab the controls and stood up from his seat to feel the sit uation. Everything felt normal, so he waited it out while de-icing heat ers kicked in. It remained this way for some minutes for what must have b een an eternity. Eventually the instruments came back after an intensel y-nervous wait for Austin in his blind, drifting aircraft.
Despite numerous dangers including the weather, anti-aircraft ground fi re and enemy fighters, Austin wrote: “The thing that caused us the most c oncern was a bloody star! Venus!”. It was often mistaken for an enemy p lane. Austin said he knew of some gunners shooting off a few precaution ary rounds at the planet, just in case.
Eventually, after numerous trips, wireless communication enabled the Li berators to receive weather forecasts and news of the success of their d rops. The flights were known to be some of the most arduous flights und er extremely difficult conditions. Austin finished these operations wit h 446 hours of flying. He flew 19 trips to Yugoslavia and 13 drops into G reece.
In recognition for the flights into Yugoslavia Austin was awarded the O rder of the Crown of Yugoslavia on October 20, 1942. This was followed w ith one of the highest honours awarded to pilots, the Distinguished Fly ing Cross.
Austin and his crew were taken off transport duty in October 1943. The o dds must have been in his favour as he was still alive after this exten sive period - of the 56 men he trained with during the early stage of t he war in Canada, only 15 returned home. Perhaps a little luck was on h is side. “Fate played strange tricks in those weird days,” he said.
Austin was assigned to instructing other pilots how to fly large transp ort planes. During the course of one morning Austin finished up instruc ting another pilot in a Liberator. He finished the lesson and landed fo r breakfast. His good friend, Squadron Leader Rolph-Smith, took over th e job and took the Liberator up for another lesson. During the plane’s f irst circuit it struck a Hurricane that was coming into land, it sliced o ff the Liberator’s tail. “All were killed instantly.” Austin returned t o find he was promoted to squadron leader.
Despite the war and all the experiences that came with it, Austin’s Mem ories are filled with amusing moments. One is when his good friend thro ughout the war, Jacko Madill, sent Christmas correspondence to his fath er expressing that he was in need of money. His father replied by sendi ng him a Christmas cake that hid the only reliable currency at the time - g old sovereigns.
Unfortunately, Jacko’s aunts were also keen to help their nephew’s war e ffort. In which case several cakes arrived for Jacko courtesy of his do ting aunties. The mass of cakes camouflaged the true identity of the “r ichest cake”. Austin was called on and together they hacked up several C hristmas cakes until they struck gold.
The war ended in August 1944 and Austin was posted home. He wrote of on e of his last experiences - it happened as he was getting ready to retu rn to New Zealand. “ I’d finished for the day, was packing up to go hom e and watching the Liberators coming in to land, at night. Thought that b loke’s low! He was, the next second , CRASH and flames. So into my litt le ute, tore up the road about a quarter mile, ran across a paddock and h elped pull one guy away from the burning wreck. He’d hit something, had n o roof to his mouth and of course no teeth. And boy, was he hot. The am bulance arrived, popped him in and I sat on his tummy all the way to ho spital trying to dig his teeth out of his throat every time he choked. O ften wonder what happened to him. Poor devil.”
The next day Austin left for home. He returned via Morocco to Britain, o n to the Queen Mary, which shipped him to New York where he remained fo r six weeks before training across America to San Francisco, then on a b oat to Noumea before reaching New Zealand.
John Austin-Smith left his home town at the age of 19. He travelled the w orld and experienced the highs and lows of war, and the comradeships th at were made and lost. He said the memories he made lived in him foreve r: “They are events I will never forget and experiences and friendships o nly war can provide”. He returned home a humble, decorated hero. As a w artime pilot he amassed a total of 1715 flying hours. John Austin-Smith p assed away last month aged 83.

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Weekly Feature - 1 November 2003
A remarkable story finally shared with family
The death of John Austin-Smith, of Masterton, has brought to life thepa st of a humble but quite extraordinary man. JOSEPH WALLACE spoke with h is family and discovered the exceptional story of a wartime hero.A stor y filled with humour, intrigue, action and history.
DURING World War II, in September 1943, the Allied Navy captured the is land of Cos in the Aegean Sea. Not long after this success, pilot John A ustin Henry Smith and the crew of squadron 267 delivered importantback- up equipment and supplies to the battle-weary navy.
The squadron loaded their DC3s and left the Ramat David airport in Isra el, heading for the small island just off the southwest coast of Turkey . The four unarmed supply planes slipped undetected through Turkey’s ne utral south coast before Austin and his squadron landed successfully at C os airstrip. The four planes spread out over the aerodrome andunloaded t he naval provisions. Austin finished and returned to his cabin to prepa re for the departing flight. He settled into the cockpit and attempted t o start the motors. They refused to turn. The only otheroption was to m anually crank the motors from outside the aircraft. Hereturned to the t armac and began cranking. That’s when he heard five Luftwaffe ME109 fig hters.
The German fighters began a strafing run over the airstrip showering th e island with enemy fire. Austin-Smith ran for cover, diving behinda st ack of unidentified drums, soon discovering they were containers of fue l.
He escaped the petrol explosion, but the attack left three planes utter ly annihilated. Two were aflame, the other was riddled with bullets.Sev eral men, who were most likely known to Austin, were killed. His crew a nd the surviving crew of the destroyed planes picked their friends bodi es from the tarmac and retreated to the only plane intact.
Austin quickly looked over his aircraft, checking for damage. He discov ered the plane was hit. The left wing was shot through, resulting inthe d amage of a foot-wide sheet of its structure. The German fighterscould h ave returned at any time and Austin knew it was not safe to linger. The l ives of the remaining crews depended on the swift departureof the survi ving plane.
He acted fast. Leaving the tarmac, Austin climbed on to the wing and ri pped the shot piece away and discarded it. The aircraft was loaded and e ngines cranked. Austin piloted his wounded DC3 away from the damaged ai rstrip and away from the carcasses of the other three planes. Once Aust in had flown out of immediate danger, he returned to the cabin to check h is passengers. They were fine, playing cards and using theirfallen comr ades as seats to make the journey more comfortable. Austinlater replied t o this thought: “Such is the way of warfare.”
John Austin-Smith was known in Masterton for setting up Austins Pharmac y, which was situated in a building on a corner of Queen and Perry stre ets, now occupied by Sounds Music.
To locals he was a nice guy who was a keen golfer known as Austin. Aust in’s obituary stated - “NZ402474 RNZAF. 90 Squadron, 267 Squadron. Spec ial OPS, ME Order of the Crown of Yugoslavia 1942, DFC 1943.” An extrao rdinary history to be briefly mapped out in a small column of the paper .
Inquiries led to a 30-page book.
Apparently Austin never mentioned the war. Until, aged 82, he was convi nced by his family to tell his experience and put it on paper. What eve ntuated was titled Memories of an Airman. J.A.H. Austin-Smith. In it wa s recorded the career of a wartime hero as he told it. A straightforwar d and simple account of Austin-Smith’s recollection of his time in Worl d War II.
Austin grew up in Dannevirke. His family were poor and financially stre tched through the Depression. His parents struggled to buy books anduni forms for him to go to college. Money was in short supply and jobsscarc e. Subsequently, when World War II broke out, it was an excitingprospec t for many young men, including a young Austin aged 19.
He applied for the air force and managed to join by telling a few white l ies. Austin said he almost missed out on the air force altogether becau se his urine test failed. He immediately called upon his healthier brot her to help out and sent a second sample. His brother passed this test a nd Austin was in turn accepted in July 1940.
Over the next eight months he trained throughout New Zealand before he a nd his friends were shipped away to Canada aboard SS Awatea. Austin des cribed the Awatea journey as “the life of luxury” where he wouldenjoy “ five or six-course meals”. He liked it so much he said he thought: “Wow , if this is war, wiz oh, I’m all for it”. Over the next few months Aus tin trained in Canada before he once again departed, this time for Engl and. In England he was prepared as a pilot of the RAF.
Austin continued training and was assigned to the new Liberator convers ion unit, which was to be sent on a special operations job in the Middl e East. He spent only five hours training in the Liberators before he a nd his crew were sent on a long flight to a new base in Fayid. At the t ime, Greece and Yugoslavia lacked communications, the Allies had no met eorological or navigational information from the ground in thesecountri es, making flights over this airspace extremely dangerous.
Austin and his squadron’s mission was to fly the two Liberators into th ese fragile conditions dropping wireless operators, saboteurs and suppl ies to the partisans who lived in the mountains of German-occupied Gree ce and Yugoslavia. It was a difficult ask as Liberators were 50-ton sup ply planes only lightly armed and requiring a lot of petrol for the lon g flights from Fayid to Yugoslavia and back. They had to pack as much e quipment and men on each flight as possible. Consequently theplanes wer e stripped of non-essential weight - 95 percent of the ammunition was d iscarded, leaving only 100 rounds in the rear gun turret. Austin said: “ We were flying all night over enemy territory in aircraft that were lit erally defenceless. It was a cat-and-mouse operation.”
The Liberator crews had to be elusive and get out of enemy territory by d aybreak or they were prime targets. But the enemy wasn’t the only dange r. One particular night Austin flew into cloud that was full of “severe i cing” over the Aegean Sea. The Liberator’s instruments immediately froz e and he became disorientated in the thick cloud. He was unaware of his a ltitude and unsure if he was going straight or off course.Although the a utopilot was on, Austin said his instinct was to take the stick and alt er its level. But this action could be deadly. Instead, Austin refused t he itch to grab the controls and stood up from his seat to feel the sit uation. Everything felt normal, so he waited it out while de-icing heat ers kicked in. It remained this way for some minutes for what must have b een an eternity. Eventually the instruments came back after an intensel y-nervous wait for Austin in his blind, drifting aircraft.
Despite numerous dangers including the weather, anti-aircraft ground fi re and enemy fighters, Austin wrote: “The thing that caused us the most c oncern was a bloody star! Venus!”. It was often mistaken for an enemy p lane. Austin said he knew of some gunners shooting off a few precaution ary rounds at the planet, just in case.
Eventually, after numerous trips, wireless communication enabled the Li berators to receive weather forecasts and news of the success of their d rops. The flights were known to be some of the most arduous flights und er extremely difficult conditions. Austin finished these operations wit h 446 hours of flying. He flew 19 trips to Yugoslavia and 13 drops into G reece.
In recognition for the flights into Yugoslavia Austin was awarded theOr der of the Crown of Yugoslavia on October 20, 1942. This was followed w ith one of the highest honours awarded to pilots, the Distinguished Fly ing Cross.
Austin and his crew were taken off transport duty in October 1943. The o dds must have been in his favour as he was still alive after this exten sive period - of the 56 men he trained with during the early stage of t he war in Canada, only 15 returned home. Perhaps a little luck was on h is side. “Fate played strange tricks in those weird days,” he said.
Austin was assigned to instructing other pilots how to fly large transp ort planes. During the course of one morning Austin finished up instruc ting another pilot in a Liberator. He finished the lesson and landed fo r breakfast. His good friend, Squadron Leader Rolph-Smith, took over th e job and took the Liberator up for another lesson. During the plane’s f irst circuit it struck a Hurricane that was coming into land, it sliced o ff the Liberator’s tail. “All were killed instantly.” Austin returned t o find he was promoted to squadron leader.
Despite the war and all the experiences that came with it, Austin’s Mem ories are filled with amusing moments. One is when his good friend thro ughout the war, Jacko Madill, sent Christmas correspondence to his fath er expressing that he was in need of money. His father replied by sendi ng him a Christmas cake that hid the only reliable currency at the time - g old sovereigns.
Unfortunately, Jacko’s aunts were also keen to help their nephew’s war e ffort. In which case several cakes arrived for Jacko courtesy of his do ting aunties. The mass of cakes camouflaged the true identity of the “r ichest cake”. Austin was called on and together they hacked up several C hristmas cakes until they struck gold.
The war ended in August 1944 and Austin was posted home. He wrote of on e of his last experiences - it happened as he was getting ready to retu rn to New Zealand. “ I’d finished for the day, was packing up to gohome a nd watching the Liberators coming in to land, at night. Thoughtthat blo ke’s low! He was, the next second , CRASH and flames. So intomy little u te, tore up the road about a quarter mile, ran across a paddock and hel ped pull one guy away from the burning wreck. He’d hit something, had n o roof to his mouth and of course no teeth. And boy, washe hot. The amb ulance arrived, popped him in and I sat on his tummy all the way to hos pital trying to dig his teeth out of his throat everytime he choked. Of ten wonder what happened to him. Poor devil.”
The next day Austin left for home. He returned via Morocco to Britain, o n to the Queen Mary, which shipped him to New York where he remained fo r six weeks before training across America to San Francisco, thenon a b oat to Noumea before reaching New Zealand.
John Austin-Smith left his home town at the age of 19. He travelled the w orld and experienced the highs and lows of war, and the comradeships th at were made and lost. He said the memories he made lived in him foreve r: “They are events I will never forget and experiences and friendships o nly war can provide”. He returned home a humble, decorated hero. As a w artime pilot he amassed a total of 1715 flying hours. John Austin-Smith p assed away last month aged 83. 
AUSTIN-SMITH, John Austin Henry (I4)
 
50 William (1766) and his family lived near Dixton, a village near Monmouth on the Welsh border . John Bradshaw a merchant travelling on business took a fancy to young William Wanklyn and offered him work and took him to Manchester. The Wanklyns come from the Hereford Worcester area. William married John Bradshaw's daughter Sarah in 1796 or 1797 at St. Johns Church ,
Deansgate, Manchester and lived on Quay Street. They ran a business by the name of Bradshaw, Hibbert & Wanklyn (JohnBradshaw, James Hibbert and William Wanklyn). They established business interests in Buenos Aires, Argentina and most of the family spent time down there. Johnny Wanklyn a member of the family still farms in Argentina. James Hibbert Wanklyn, William James Wanklyn's dad was named after James Hibbert and of course this is where Hibbert come s from in the family.
Mark Wanklyn 
WANKLYN, William (I135)
 

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